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Migrant workers during lockdown essay

Migrant workers during lockdown essay in english 

Introduction :

Migrant workers are the persons who migrate within their home country or outside it for work. Migrant workers do not have the intention to stay permanently in the place where they work. The nationwide lockdown announced on March 24, has caused immense distress to migrant workers around the country. Thousands of migrant workers were walking across India to reunite with their families in their native places. These workers during the coronavirus pandemic have faced multiple hardships.

  • With the closure of factories and workplaces due to the lockdown, millions of migrant workers had to deal with the loss of income, food shortages and uncertainty.
  • Lakhs of these workers began walking back home, without means of transport due to the lockdown. In response, the Government took various measures to help them, and later arranged transport for them.
  • The major states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Delhi and Kerala are trying to minimise the loss of labour and are prime states for ‘unlocking’ of economic activity.
  • The government has also launched an employment scheme named ‘Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyaan’ implementing on a mission mode in 125 days in 116 districts of six states – Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Odisha.

Conclusion :

The scheme was launched after lakhs of migrant workers returned to their home states following loss of employment in urban areas due to the nationwide lockdown to combat the spread of COVID-19. The government has already announced schemes like ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ to enable migrant workers and their family members to access PDS benefits from any Fair Price Shop in the country. But they also need cash for their day-to-day needs.

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Long essay on Migrant workers during lockdown essay Vs Covid-19 Pandemic in India

Introduction :

A migrant worker is a person who migrates within their home country or outside it for work. Migrant workers do not have the intention to stay permanently in the place where they work. The nationwide lockdown announced on March 24, has caused immense distress to migrant workers around the country. Thousands of migrant workers were walking across India to reunite with their families in their native places. Indian migrant workers during the COVID-19 pandemic have faced multiple hardships. With the closure of factories and workplaces due to the lockdown, millions of migrant workers had to deal with the loss of income, food shortages and uncertainty. 

  • Thousands of them, began walking back home, with no means of transport due to the lockdown. In response, the Government took various measures to help them, and later arranged transport for them.
  • The major states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Delhi and Kerala are trying to minimise the loss of labour and are prime states for ‘unlocking’ of economic activity.
  • According to the 2011 Census, there are 41 million interstate migrants in India who migrate to other states due to the lack of work opportunities in their home state.
  • Poorer, less educated, and from socially disadvantaged communities, survival draws these migrants to the cities. Meagre pay, extended working hours, and unsafe work conditions characterise their exploited labour.
  • Covid-19 renders most of them jobless in cities with crushing rents and no access to food or water. Without employment, city life is so burdensome that many risk returning to the safety of their villages, in some cases even at the cost of their lives. 
  • The disproportionate impact of state policy also breaches the right to equality under Article 14 of the Constitution and imposes a corresponding duty on the government to mitigate negative effects.
  • The government has also launched an employment scheme named ‘Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyaan’ implementing on a mission mode in 125 days in 116 districts of six states – Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Odisha.
  • The scheme was launched after lakhs of migrant workers returned to their home states following loss of employment in urban areas due to the nationwide lockdown to combat the spread of COVID-19.

Conclusion :

In the long term, India should work towards reducing migrant workers’ vulnerability by amending labour laws. Such amendments should align migrant workers’ conditions with other unorganised sector workers, while also developing norms for food security, repatriation and wage safety in times of emergency. While emergency solutions are urgent, they must pave the way to address more fundamental issues in migrant worker-dominated sectors. The government has already announced schemes like ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ to enable migrant workers and their family members to access PDS benefits from any Fair Price Shop in the country. But they also need cash for their day-to-day needs.

Migrant workers during lockdown Vs Life During Covid 19 Pandemic

Introduction :

COVID-19 has affected our day to day life. The corona virus pandemic has already affected thousands of peoples who are either sick or are being killed due to the spread of this disease. The most common symptoms of this viral infection are fever, cold, cough, bone pain and breathing problems. This, being a new viral disease affecting people for the first time, vaccines are also not yet available.

  • Hence, the focus is on taking extensive precautions such as extensive hygiene, regularly washing of hands, avoidance of face to face interaction, social distancing, and wearing of masks etc.
  • For controlling the spread identification of this virus at an early stage is very important because it very rapidly spreads from person to person. Most of the countries have slowed down their manufacturing of the products.
  • This pandemic had affected various industries including the pharmaceuticals industry, power sector and tourism. This virus creates drastic effects on the daily life of citizens, as well as on the global economy.
  • There are restrictions of travelling from one country to another country.  A large numbers of cases are identified positive when tested during travelling, especially when they are taking international visits.

Conclusion :

The lockdown has also impacted migrant workers, several of whom lost their jobs due to shutting of industries and were outside their native places wanting to get back. For this, the govt has announced relief measures for migrants, and made arrangements to return to their native places. The Govts, health organizations and other authorities are continuously focusing on identifying the cases affected by the COVID-19. Healthcare professional face lot of difficulties in maintaining the quality of healthcare in these days.

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Migrant workers during lockdown Vs Long essay on Life in Covid-19 Pandemic

Introduction :

COVID-19 has affected our day to day life. This pandemic has affected thousands of peoples, who are either sick or are being killed due to the spread of this disease. The most common symptoms of this viral infection are fever, cold, cough, bone pain and breathing problems. This, being a new viral disease affecting people for the first time, vaccines are being available now but still, the emphasis is on taking extensive precautions such as extensive hygiene, regularly washing of hands, avoidance of face to face interaction, social distancing, and wearing of masks etc.

  • Identification of the disease at an early stage is vital to control the spread of the virus because it very rapidly spreads from person to person.
  • Most of the countries have slowed down their manufacturing of the products. The pandemic has been affecting the entire food system.
  • Trade restrictions and confinement measures have been preventing farmers from accessing markets, including for buying inputs and selling their produce, and agricultural workers from harvesting crops, thus disrupting domestic and international food supply chains and reducing access to healthy, safe and diverse diets.
  • The pandemic has impacted jobs and placed millions of livelihoods at risk. As common man lose jobs, fall ill and die, the food security and nutrition of millions of women and men are under threat, with those in low-income countries, particularly the most marginalized populations, which include small-scale farmers and indigenous peoples, being hardest hit.
  • The various industries and sectors are affected by the cause of this disease including the pharmaceuticals industry, power sector and tourism.
  • Millions of agricultural workers waged and self-employed, regularly face high levels of working poverty, malnutrition and poor health, and suffer from a lack of safety and labour protection.
  • With low and irregular incomes and lack of social support, many of them are forced to continue working, often in unsafe conditions, thus exposing themselves and their families to additional risks.
  • Further, when experiencing income losses, they may resort to negative coping strategies, such as distress sale of assets, taking loans or child labour.
  • Migrant agricultural workers are particularly vulnerable, because they face risks in their transport, working and living conditions and struggle to access support measures put in place by governments.
  • This virus creates drastic effects on the daily life of citizens, as well as on the global economy.
  • There are restrictions of travelling from one country to another country. During travelling, numbers of cases are identified positive when tested, especially when they are taking international visits.

Conclusion :

The lockdown has also impacted migrant workers, several of whom lost their jobs due to shutting of industries and were outside their native places wanting to get back.  Since then, the government has announced relief measures for migrants, and made arrangements to return to their native places. All governments, health organizations and other authorities are continuously focusing on identifying the cases affected by the COVID-19. Healthcare professional face lot of difficulties in maintaining the quality of healthcare in these days.

Migrant workers during lockdown Vs Mental Health – A growing Issue in India

Introduction :

Gandhi Ji once said, “It is the health that is real wealth and not pieces of gold and silver”. This statement indicates the importance of health in our life. People normally focus on their physical healthy and ignore the fitness of mind. But the fact is that mental health is as important as physical health. We can control our life due to our highly developed brain. So, it becomes very important for us to keep our body and mind fit and healthy for better performance and result. There are many factors that have great impact on our fitness level such as depression, aggression, negative thinking, frustration and fear.

  • A mentally healthy person is always in a good mood and can easily manage situations of distress and depressions. Mental fitness denotes having a positivity in feeling and thinking that improves our ability to enjoy life.
  • It is a positive term and give up negative thoughts that come to our mind. The term mental fitness is being used by psychologists, schools, organizations and the general population to denote logical thinking and reasoning ability.
  • In the same way the mental illness is the instability of one’s health, which includes changes in emotion, thinking and behaviour. Mental sickness has become a growing issue in the 21st century.
  • Even mental illness is common these days & can affect anyone’s life. People are still not willing to accept the illness of mind because of stigma. They feel shame to acknowledge it and seek help from the doctors.
  • Mental health cannot be separated from physical health. They both are equally important for every person. Our society have to change its perception of mental illness. People have to remove the stigma attached to this illness.

Conclusion :

We should educate the people about the same. If the mental illness is not treated at the right time then the consequences can be dangerous.  Mental illness can be caused due to stress or other incidents. It could also arise from genetic factors, social disadvantage and poor physical health.  Mental illness is curable. We can overcome this illness with positive thinking and change in your lifestyle. Regular exercises such as morning walk, yoga, and meditation have proved to be great medicine for curing mental health. It is very important to have a good diet and enough sleep. We can prevent mental illness by taking care of ourself such as calming our mind by listening to music and taking care of our body. 

Migrant workers during lockdown Vs COVID- 19 : Changing The Future Of India essay in english :

Introduction :

The world is facing the biggest crisis in the form of coronavirus pandemic. Almost every country has been affected by the COVID-19. Over 115 million people had been affected by COVID-19 and about 2.54 million people had died worldwide.  And indirectly billions of people have been suffering from the impact of this pandemic. As vaccines are being available now but still, the emphasis is on taking extensive precautions such as regularly washing of hands, social distancing and wearing of masks.

  • India has successfully controlled the transmission of COVID-19 by its well coordinated efforts.
  • India’s progress in pharmaceuticals and mass public awareness with the help of digital systems indeed helped in controlling the spread of this disease.
  • There are still many ways by which the COVID-19 can affect our economy, of which the disruption of supply chains is the major challenge.
  • Job loss is on the rise along with the slowdown in manufacturing and services activities in India.  
  • Millions of agricultural workers, regularly facing high levels of uncertainty, poverty, malnutrition and poor health, and suffer from a lack of safety and labour protection.
  • With low and irregular incomes and lack of social support, many of them are forced to continue working, often in unsafe conditions.
  • Further, when experiencing income losses, they may resort to negative coping strategies, such as distress sale of assets, taking loans or child labour. The lockdown has also impacted migrant workers in many ways.
  • Several of whom lost their jobs due to shutting of industries and were outside their native places wanting to get back.
  • Since then, the government has announced relief measures for them, and made arrangements like running special trains and buses to help them to return to their native places.
  • At the same time, many countries undertake new reforms to strengthen the digital economy and e-commerce not only to manage the Covid-19 pandemic but also to facilitate trade & commence.

Conclusion :

COVID-19 crisis also opens the doors of opportunities in India as we witness better healthcare both in management and facilities. New social norms have been introduced like social distancing, wearing masks, maintaining hygiene for protecting us against the Covid-19. People who are ill with Covid-19 need doses of new vaccine, which save their lives and speed up recovery. Healthcare professional should be appreciated as instead of a lot of difficulties they do their best to maintain the quality of healthcare services.

Migrant workers during lockdown Vs Positive Impact of Coronavirus (covid-19) on Environment :

Introduction :

Corona virus has become worldwide disease and all nations of the world are facing it. Due to which population of the world is forced to live inside their home. Business activities in the country also affected due to corona virus. As we all know coronavirus has taken life of a lot of people all across the globe. To prevent the spread of COVD-19, governments of different nations are taking multiple steps to control the spread of this virus.

  • As far as our environment is concerned, it is enjoying the positive impact of this virus.
  • Before the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the air around us had been deemed very toxic to breathe in due to the amount of greenhouse gases that had been emitted over the centuries.
  • The Earth faced rising temperatures, which in turn led to the melting of glaciers and rising of sea levels. Environmental degradation was happening fast due to the depletion of resources such as air, water and soil. But after the coronavirus lockdown commenced, there have been slight changes in the environment. 
  • After the lockdown was put in place in many countries, there was lesser travelling done by people, whether it be by their own cars, or by trains and flights.
  • Even industries were closed down and not allowed to function. This in turn led to the pollution in the air dropping significantly, as there was a marked decline in nitrous oxide emission.
  • Again where fish is concerned, the lockdown has seen a decline in fishing, which means that the fish biomass will increase after over-fishing almost depleted it.
  • Apart from that, animals have been spotted moving about freely where once they would not dare to go. Even sea turtles have been spotted returning to areas they once avoided to lay their eggs, all due to the lack human interference.
  • Today, when the production of almost everything is on halt and factories are no longer as active as they used to be, the emission of smoke has lessened which has resulted in clear sky.
  • Not only this, the use of vehicles on road is reduced. All this have contributed towards lowered CO2-emissions. The emission of nitrogen dioxide has also reduced.
  • Plants are growing better because there is cleaner air and water, and because yet again there is no human interference.
  • With everything at a standstill, plants are allowed to thrive and grow and produce more coverage and oxygen.
  • Less litter also means lesser clogging of river systems, which is good in the long run for the environment.
  • To combat coronavirus, companies have asked workers to work from home.
  • This has reduced vehicles on road. In addition to this, the consumption of plastic has also reduced as people no longer have tea or coffee in disposable glasses. 

Conclusion :

In this competitive era where we have to follow a hectic schedule, we have never had thought about the way we are treating the environment. However, now due to lockdown we are forced to stay at home, we have ample time to think on our actions. There is no denying the fact that coronavirus has had catastrophic impacts on mankind. However, it has surely given the environment a chance to self-heal and restore its beauty.

Migrant workers during lockdown Vs Social Impact of COVID-19 In India : 

Introduction :

Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is a global public health concern and to combat the disease, the Government of India imposed lockdown in the country on March 24, 2020. The Government has claimed success in the fight against the coronavirus pandemic, stating that the number of cases would have been more if the nationwide lockdown had not been imposed.However, recently numbers of COVID-19 cases have increased drastically. The lockdown could also be a cause of weight gain during the COVID19 pandemic, because of poor physical activity and consumption of high calorie foods.

  • Weight gain and obesity could increase the severity of COVID-19 and may increase the risk of development of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
  • Social stress caused by lockdown resulting from travelling restrictions to disruption of cultural celebrations, leading to anxiety and fear among the population.
  • The impact of the pandemic is visible across the sectors globally, but its effect on marginalized sections, women and children has been immense in India.
  • As a result of the lockdown, there is increased possibility of malnutrition among the weaker section of the society.
  • The Food Corporation of India recently allotted 12.96 lakh metric tonnes of food grains under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojna (PMGKAY) as an initiative of the government in its fight against the COVID-19.
  • Impact of Covid-19 has been multiple and not only limited to society at large. From the perspective of the economy both rural and urban have been impacted adversely.
  • The issue of migrant workers was one of the most highlighted issue in this pandemic where millions of them become unemployed and left without money, food and shelter.
  • Everyone has seen the issues being faced by migrant workers. The migrant workers depend on daily earnings they barely have savings which they could spend during any emergency.

Conclusion :

The masses have stood by the government during this lockdown, and a great response is observed throughout the country. Yet there are certain exceptions which are a challenge. While nearly 95 per cent of the citizenry are co-operating, the rest are creating a threat to the efforts and measures to contain this pandemic and are responsible for the collapse of the whole system. The leaders should come up with solutions for the problems and not problems for the solutions. Long term planning and collective efforts of individuals, governments and health organizations is needed to fight against this virus.

Migrant workers during lockdown Vs Impact of Coronavirus (Covid-19) on Indian Economy :

Introduction :

Corona virus is a kind of virus that affect the respiratory tract of human and other mammals. These are associated with common cold, pneumonia and other respiratory symptoms. Corona virus has become worldwide disease and all nations of the world are facing it. Due to which population of the world was forced to live inside their home. Up to 53% of businesses in the country have been affected due to corona virus outbreak.

  • Coronavirus outbreak was first reported at Wuhan in China on 31 December, 2019.  WHO is working closely with global experts, governments, and other health organisations to provide advice to the countries about precautionary and preventive measures. 
  • In terms of trade, China is the world’s largest exporter and second-largest importer. It accounts for 13% of world exports and 11% of world imports.  
  • It had impacted the Indian industry. India’s total electronic imports account for 45% of China. Around one-third of machinery that India purchases from the world come from China and around 90% of mobile phones come from China.
  • Therefore, we can say that due to the current outbreak of coronavirus, the import dependence on China will have a significant impact on the Indian industry.
  • A large number of farmers around the country are also facing uncertainty.
  • Various businesses such as hotels and airlines are cutting salaries and laying off employees. Major companies operating in India have temporarily suspended or reduced operations.
  • According to the survey, COVID-19 is having a ‘deep impact’ on Indian businesses, over the coming month’s jobs are at high risk because firms are looking for some reduction in manpower.
  • Further, it is added that already COVID-19 crisis has caused an unprecedented collapse in economic activities over the last few weeks. 
  • The present situation is having a “high to very high” level impact on their business according to almost 72 per cent respondents.
  • Further, 70 per cent of the surveyed firms are expecting a degrowth sales in the fiscal year 2020-21.
  • Due to weak domestic consumption and consumer sentiment, there can be a delay in investment which further add pressure on the growth.

Conclusion :

We can’t ignore that post-COVID-19, some economies are expected to adopt de-risking strategies and shift their manufacturing bases from China. World Bank and credit rating agencies have downgraded India’s growth for 2021, however, the International Monetary Fund projection for India for the financial year 2021-22 of 1.9% GDP growth is the highest among G-20 nations.

Migrant workers during lockdown Vs Impact of Corona Virus (Covid-19) On Global Economy :

Introduction :

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a coronavirus. It was first identified in Wuhan city of China in December 2019. WHO has declared Coronavirus as a public health emergency of international concern on 30th January. Due to COVID-19 population of the world is forced to live inside their home. It is just not just affecting the health of the people but also economies of all the countries of the world. WHO is working closely with global experts, governments, and other health organizations to provide advice to the countries about COVID-19. 

  • According to World Trade Organization (WTO), in terms of trade, China is the world’s largest exporter and second-largest importer of merchandise as of 2019. It accounts for 13% of world exports and 11% of world imports. 
  • Many industries of the world are depend on China for its raw material. Many factories in China are closed now, production has also stopped for the depended companies.
  • Due to slowdown in production, consumption has also declined and in this way affecting the economies of the world.
  • Tourism industry is also facing huge losses due to restriction of movement of people due to spread of coronavirus.
  • This pandemic has severe adverse effects on the employees, customers, supply chains and financial markets.
  • In brief, most probably it will cause a global economic recession. Nevertheless, due to the uncertainty of the end of this pandemic, both the length and scale of this contraction are not predictable.
  • Automobile industry is already in crisis due to the economic slowdown and now production is suffering due to disruption of supply of goods and services.
  • Global financial market is fluctuating due to the supply-chain interruptions from China. It takes a while for the world economy to recover from the contraction.
  • It seems that this pandemic will lead to a permanent shift in the world and its politics, especially in health, security, trade, employment, agriculture, manufacturing goods production and science policies.
  • Since this new world might provide great opportunities for some countries that did not dominate world production before, governments should develop new strategies to adjust the new world order without much delay.
  • For many emerging markets and developing countries, however, effective financial support and mitigation measures are particularly hard to achieve because a substantial share of employment is in informal sectors.
  • According to the report, economic activity among advanced economies is anticipated to shrink by seven per cent in 2020 as domestic demand and supply, trade and finance have been severely disrupted.

Conclusion :

The blow is hitting hardest in countries where the pandemic has been the most severe and where there is heavy reliance on global trade, tourism, commodity exports and external financing. Although it is difficult to determine the exact impact of coronavirus on the world’s economy yet it is clear the impact will be for a long time. Hope the vaccine is developed as soon as possible to prevent these losses.

Migrant workers during lockdown Vs Covid-19 Vaccine – The Need of the hour

Introduction :

The Government of India has approved the Covid-19 vaccines developed by Astra-Zeneca and Bharat Biotech named Covishield and Covaxin respectively. Seeing this our PM Modi has launched the COVID-19 vaccination drive on 16th January, 2021 which can save millions of lives every year. This is the world’s largest vaccination program covering the entire country. During the launch of this drive a total of 3006 sites in all States and UTs have been virtually connected. Although India don’t need to vaccinate its entire population, it just have to vaccinate at least 30 to 40% of the people. It is estimated that a minimum of 1 billion doses of Covid-19 vaccines will be required for full immunization.

  • The vaccine has introduced in phrased manner. In first phrase, the vaccine is provided to healthcare workers like doctors, nurses and other medical staff both in government and private sectors.
  • Because they treat and are in close contact with those who are infected with Covid-19. Then it will be provided to police, armed forces, municipal workers and other departmental staffs.
  • In third phase, people above 50 years of age and those patient who have diabetes, hypertension and organ transplant will get the vaccine. After that, the vaccine will be given to healthy adults, teenagers and children.
  • The central government is incurring the cost for vaccinating the core healthcare and frontier workers. For further vaccination process, the government has also developed an application named CoWIN, which will help provide real time information of vaccine stocks, storage and individualized tracking of beneficiaries for COVID-19 vaccine. 

Conclusion :

The COVID-19 virus primarily spreads when one person breathes in droplets that are produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, talks, or breathes. Physical distancing refers to actions taken to stop or slow down the spread of a contagious disease. For an individual, it refers to maintaining enough distance between yourself and another person to avoid getting infected or infecting someone else. Wearing a cloth mask helps remind us not to touch your face and can further help reduce spread of the virus. The Vaccination for Covid-19 is voluntary in India. It is a safe and effective way of protecting people against this disease. Vaccines reduce risks of getting diseases by working with our body’s immune system.

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Abhilash Kumar

The author Abhilash Kumar

Abhilash Kumar is the founder of “Studyguru Pathshala” brand & its products, i.e. YouTube, Books, PDF eBooks etc. He is one of the most successful bloggers in India. He is the author of India’s the best seller “Descriptive Book”. As a social activist, he has distributed his books to millions of deprived and needy students.

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