Short Essay on Vocal for local for Students
Vocal for Local is an initiative to boost the employment opportunities in India. Our PM Narendra Modi coined the term ‘Vocal for Local’ to encourage the people to promote the local products worldwide. He said in his Independence day speech on 15th August 2020, “The mindset of free India should be ‘vocal for local’. We should appreciate our local products, if we don’t do this then our products will not get the opportunity to do better and will not get encouraged,”
- Vocal for Local initiative encourages the people to start producing their own products and hence, reducing the use of imported goods.
- The need of ‘Vocal for Local’ arose during the lockdown period when all the mediums of transport were on halt and the entire world realize the usefulness of local products.
- The positive effect of Vocal for Local is seen during the festive seasons like Diwali and Dashara.
- People of the country appreciated local products and purchased local made diya and many other things used in these festivals instead of Chinese products.
- With good response in Diwali season, we can anticipate that this new initiative will strengthen the local markets in other festive seasons too and take the Indian economy to the next level.
- As the leading brands of the world were once local brands and they became global brands only when local people started buying and using them.
- The local people branded them and then start promoting them. Thus, these were the catalysts to make these local products a global brands from local brands.
The Vocal for local suggests not only buy local products but also be vocal about promoting local products proudly. The people making local products need support and it is the responsibility of each Indian to buy these products. If all Indians adopt the ‘Vocal for Local’ mantra then a lot of Indian products can easily become global. So, let’s do it by purchasing and promoting local products and make our India self-reliant and self-sufficient.
Long Essay on Vocal for local ; Self-Reliant India – Making India Aatmanirbhar
Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently announced the ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan’ which is also known as self-reliant India Mission. The aim of this mission is to self reliance or self-sufficiency. PM Modi has also announced to provide an economic stimulus package of 20 lakh crores which is 10% of India’s GDP. This package aims towards achieving the objectives of self-reliant India Mission by injecting more money into the economy. To address COVID-19 outbreak and subsequent lockdown in India which has led to economic slowdown, self-reliant India Mission is launched.
- The economic package which is 10% of India’s Gross Domestic Product in 2019-20 is announced which include packages already announced at the beginning of the lockdown incorporating measures from the RBI and the payouts under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojna.
- This mission will enable our country to cut down import dependence. It will also focus on substitution and quality goods to gain global market share.
- The mission focuses on the importance of promoting local products to global markets and involves creation of a helping hand to the whole world.
- India completely missed out on the ‘third industrial revolution’ comprising electronic goods, micro-processors, personal computers, mobile phones and decentralised manufacturing and global value chains during the so-called lost decads.
- Today, India is the world’s second largest smartphone market. However, it does not make any of these phones itself, and manufactures only a small fraction of solar photovoltaic cells and modules currently used.
- With entry of foreign corporations, most Indian private companies retreated into technology imports or collaborations. Even today, most R&D in India is conducted by PSUs, and much of the smaller but rising proportion of private sector R&D is by foreign corporations in information technology and biotechnology or pharma.
- The second idea is that inviting foreign direct investment and manufacturing by foreign majors would bring new technologies into India’s industrial ecosystem, obviating the need for indigenous efforts towards self-reliance. However, mere setting up of manufacturing facilities in India is no guarantee of absorption of technologies.
- Countries like Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Vietnam have focused on off-shore manufacturing lower down the value chain and without the thrust on self-reliance.
This is useful for job creation but is an unsuitable model for a country of India’s size and aspirations. This mission will be implemented in two phases in the phase one it will consider all essential sectors like medical, textiles, electronics, plastics and toys where local manufacturing and exports will be promoted. These are labour intensive sectors thereby it will provide huge employment opportunities in the country. In phase two, it will consider products like gems and jewellery, pharma and steel etc. The progress and objectives of self-reliant India Mission has definitely shown the right path and will save our country from economic slowdown from this lockdown crisis in India.
Vocal for local – A step for Urban Unemployment Problem
Unemployment is a serious problem faced by each and every country of the world. It refers to a situation in which a skilled and talented person wanted to do a job but cannot find a proper job. India is one of developing countries which is suffering from a huge unemployment problem. But the unemployment problem in India is not the result of deficiency of demand but the high rate of growth of population. As COVID-19 pandemic has hit the Indian economy hard and with large scale job losses, unemployment is the second biggest worry for urban Indians, after the coronavirus infection.
- In a survey conducted across India, approximately 87 percent of self-employed respondents in urban areas claimed to have lost their employment due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
- This was highest among casual workers in rural parts of the country. In general, employment loss in urban India was higher than in rural areas during the survey period.
- According to economists, slow functioning of industries, lack of demand in the market are impacting the overall employment in India.
- Formal sector jobs in cities will take months to come back. Industrial activities have not picked up due to factors like health and labor shortage.
- The government has announced a special economic package of worth Rs 20 lakh crore which is 10% of India’s GDP in 2019-20 to provide employment benefits to the poor, labourers, migrants both from organized and unorganized sectors who have lost their jobs due to the coronavirus pandemic.
- In a country like India, there is much reason for a large section of the population for being unemployed. Some of these factors are population growth, slow economic growth, seasonal occupation, slow growth of the economic sector, and fall in the cottage industry.
- Moreover, these are the major reason for unemployment in India. Also, the situation has become so drastic that highly educated people are ready to do the job of a sweeper.
- Besides, the government is not doing his work seriously. Apart from all these, a large portion of the population is engaged in the agricultural sector and the sector only provides employment in harvest or plantation time.
The government has taken the problem very seriously and have taken measures to slowly reduce unemployment. Some of these schemes includes IRDP (Integrated Rural Development Programme), DPAP (Drought Prone Area Programme), Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, Employment Assurance Scheme, NRY (Nehru Rozgar Yojana), Training for self-Employment, PMIUPEP (Prime Minister’s Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Program), employment exchange, Employment Guarantee Scheme, development of organized sector, small and cottage industries, employment in forging countries, and Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana and few more. In addition, the biggest reason of unemployment in India is its vast population which demands a large number of jobs every year which the government and authorities are unable to provide. The problem of unemployment in India has reached a critical stage but, now the government and local authorities have taken the problem seriously and working on it to reduce it.
PM SVANiddhi Scheme – A Step to make India Self reliant
The PM Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs on June 01, 2020 for providing affordable loan to street vendors to resume their livelihoods that have been adversely affected due to Covid-19 lockdown. The scheme would benefit not only the vendors but also hawkers and people involved in goods and services related to textiles, apparel, artisan products, barbers shops, laundry services etc. in different areas.
- The vendors can avail a working capital loan of up to Rs. 10,000, which is repayable in monthly instalments within a year. The loans would be without collateral. The duration of the scheme is until March 2022.
- On timely or early repayment of the loan, an interest subsidy of 7% per annum will be credited to the bank accounts of beneficiaries through direct benefit transfer on a six monthly basis.
- The scheme provides for the rise of the credit limit on timely or early repayment of loans. The scheme promotes digital transactions through cash back incentives up to an amount of Rs. 100 per month.
- This scheme targets to benefit over 50 lakh Street Vendors. There is a monthly cash-back incentive on digital payments. The benefits can be availed by street vendors or hawkers in urban, pre-urban and rural areas.
- Scheduled commercial banks, regional rural banks, small finance banks, cooperative banks, Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs), micro-finance institutions and Self Help Group (SHG) Banks will be providing loans under the scheme.
- The PM SVANidhi scheme is available for beneficiaries belonging to only those states and Union territories which have notified rules and scheme under the Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014.
- However, beneficiaries from Meghalaya, which has its own state street vendors act, can also avail of the scheme’s benefits.
Urban Local Bodies will play a pivotal role in the implementation of the scheme by reaching to them in an efficient manner. The loans through the scheme would help to restart activity for vendors who have been left without any income due to the impact of Covid-19 lockdown. Despite multiple schemes running for the street vendors, there are various gaps in implementation and accessibility of various schemes which should be plugged in a timely manner.
Swatantra Bharat – Making India Independent
Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently announced the ‘Swatantra Bharat campaign’. The aim of this campaign is to make our country free from the dependence of imports from other countries. It also helps to develop scientific and technical knowledge to overcome barriers to development. The beneficiaries of this campaign scheme will be all segments of the society i.e. farmers, poor citizens. migrant workers, small-scale industries, cottage industries, fishermen, cattle ranchers, middle-class industries, tenants people working in the organized sector or unorganized sector, etc. Due to COVID-19 outbreak and subsequent lockdown in India our country is facing economic slowdown. Seeing this PM Modi has also announced to provide an economic stimulus package of 20 lakh crores which is 10% of India’s GDP.
- This package aims towards achieving the objectives of self-reliant India Mission by injecting more money into the economy.
- It will also strengthen the efforts to bridge all forms of social and economic inequalities and enable each and every individual to enjoy the fruits of progress.
- Swatantra Bharat campaign also ensuring health and wellbeing for all and achieving sustainable development with concerns of environment rooted in all initiatives.
- This mission will enable our country to cut down import dependence. It will also focus on substitution and quality goods to gain global market share.
- The mission focuses on the importance of promoting local products to global markets. This mission will include all essential sectors like medical, textiles, electronics, plastics and toys where local manufacturing and exports will be promoted worldwide.
- If we look at the resources of our India, our India is a prosperous country. Even in a severe epidemic like coronavirus, our country did not ask for help from any country during the lockdown.
- Our country is so capable that even in an emergency situation, the Indian government has given life to millions of people. There is also a shortage of skilled youth in our country but their enthusiasm is needed.
- During the recent corona epidemic, the government announced the self-reliant campaign announced an economic relief package worth billions of rupees so that no one died of hunger in the country.
It will consider products like gems and jewellery, pharma and steel sectors etc. There are labour intensive sectors thereby it will provide huge employment opportunities in the country and provide employment opportunities to all unemployed persons of the country. With the help of this campaign the production of goods in our country will increase the industries, unemployment will be eliminated from our country and the poverty rate will also be reduced. The country’s economy will also be strong, imports in the country will be less and exports will increase. The progress and objectives of Swatantra Bharat campaign has definitely shown the right path and will save our country from this economic crisis in India.
Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan – A Solution to Unemployment In India
Our Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyaan which is an employment scheme for migrant workers, who returned to villages from cities during lockdown. This Abhiyaan was launched via video conference on 20th, June 2020 from village Telihar in Bihar in the presence of Chief Ministers of five states Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and a minister of Odisha.
- Under the scheme, the aim will be to reduce the economic impact faced by the rural parts of the country due to nationwide lockdown by providing livelihood support to the rural citizens, especially for the migrant workers.
- The Central Government has set up a target of 125 days for achieving the targets under the scheme in 116 districts across the country by bringing together about 25 schemes under the Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyan.
- Industry groups will be formed near villages, towns, and small cities for making make different products from local produce, and packing things. Cold storage facilities to be developed at the cost of 1 lakh crore to store farm produce locally.
- The Abhiyan also provide modern facilities in rural areas. Laying of fibre cable and provision of internet are also made a part of the Abhiyan.
- This abhiyaan will provide immediate relief to families of migrant workers while creating infrastructure in rural areas.
The scheme like Garib Kalyan Rojgar Yojana is much needed one as per the current situation of the migrant workers. However, the success of the program depends upon whether its benefits reach the migrant workers in time. The government should also create a database of migrant workers that could be used in the future to create a social security system for them.