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Essay on Role Of Media In Internal Security

Introduction :

Internal security is very important for any nation to maintain peace and harmony. It is a process of keeping peace within the borders of the country by upholding rule of law and defending against emerging security threats. The role of media is not limited to target the developing activities in a particular area but to offer a wide range of aspects of the policies of the country. It is a very powerful tool that control the minds of the masses. In today’s world, media become as essential as our daily needs. People rely on what is presented to them by media.

  • World press freedom index puts India at 142nd rank in its 2020 report which shows the reality of media at present time. If the media is corrupt and biased, the democratic system of our country will be collapsed.
  • Media can also become a threat for our national security. It provides a platform to internal and external state and non state actors to propagate their vested interest by various media & social media channels.
  • Social media presently plays a very important role as a means of communication between terrorist and insurgent groups.
  • It can easily provide an open platform to propagate their ideology and they are also brain washing the young generation by social networking sites like WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter etc.
  • Digital media also poses a big threat to our internal security as it is not controlled by any authrity. Anyone with the help of internet can create and share the information whether it is true or fake.
  • The recent threats due to social media include hacking, caste & ethnic tension, communal violence, cyber bullying, online frauds, fake news, hate speech and cyber terrorism etc.
  • There should be proper regulations on all types of media platforms such as print media, social media and other mediums of communication.
  • So that the vested interest of any state or non state actor cannot be fulfilled. As it is rightly said that “ Whoever controls the media, controls the mind.”

Conclusion :

In today’s globalized society, media is a very dangerous weapon against any enemy. There is a dire need of data protection laws in India so that the privacy of the masses can be protected and ensured. The compliance of the norms must be mandatory for all social media giants such as WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter and other media channels operating in India. As the security of the country cannot be compromised at any level. National power based on political stability, societal cohesion and economic development will decide the future of India’s national security.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Digital, Electronic & Print Media Security Implications

Introduction :

“Change is the only constant in life” said by Heraclitus is true with respect to today’s changing world. In mass communication, media refers to the means of communication that help in disseminating information or news related to different sectors like sports, business, education, entertainment and politics. It is considered as a very significant tool for effective communi-cation and is a source of various information. From the last few decades media has increased its reach through various platforms such as print media, electronic media and digital media.

  • There are three types of media 1) Print Media 2) Electronic Media and 3) Digital Media. Print Media is one of the oldest means of sharing information which is produced by printing text and images on paper by using ink in a printing press.
  • Some examples of print media are newspapers, magazines, books, leaflets, brochures etc. In electronic media information can be shared on electronic devices such as radio and television.
  • It can be broadcasted to the wider section of the society. Digital Media is a form of media which is fully depend on internet and provide us fastest updates.
  • It also enable us to be aware of the latest happenings around the world. We can use digital media with the help of computers, laptops, tablets and mobile phones.
  • In the current COVID-19 situation, “We are not only fighting an epidemic but are also fighting an infodemic”, said the Director-General of the World Health Organization. Therefore the need of the hour is to lay down guidelines on digital media.
  • The government has imposed a 26% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) cap to tighten the nose of foreign companies who are making investments in digital media in the country.
  • Major concerns with respect to digital media are 1) Anyone can easily generate content and its global presence contains a lots of fake news 2) Unlike print media, digital media does not have accountability and geographical barrier.
  • 3) It does not have either their own self regulation mechanism or government constituted a regulatory body.
  • 4) Reporters rely on sensationalised news instead of firsthand news. 5) Spreading venomous, hatred, and deliberate instigation not only cause violence but even terrorism. 6) Social media agencies are liable to court but the process is not instant.

Conclusion :

We should think straight and not be tricked easily, by checking validity and source of the news. This can be done by googling the references and news images. Unregulated social and digital media could pose a threat to the society. These challenges can be addressed by regulating social media efficiently and modernizing national laws and institutions. The government should come with more laws and strict actions against the improper use of digital media which will ensure the political and social integrity of the nation.

Essay on Digital, Electronic & Print Media Security in english

Introduction :

Digital media has destroyed much of the magic and mystery of the medium —–John Dyer. In mass communication, media refers to the means of mass communication that help disseminating information or news related to different sectors like sports, education, entertainment, politics.

Different Types of Media

● Print Media :

○ one of the oldest means of sharing info.
○ newspapers, magazines, books, leaflets, brochures etc.
○ produced by printing, text and images on paper using ink in a printing press.

● Electronic Media :

○ radio, television, etc.
○ shared on electronic devices for the audience.
○ can be broadcasted to the wider population.

● Digital Media :

○ Gives fast updates.
○ Enables us to be aware of the latest happenings.
○ Computers, mobiles, video game,Social Media

In the current COVID-19 situation, “We are not only fighting an epidemic but are also fighting an infodemic”, said the Director-General of the World Health Organization. Henceforth the need of the hour is to lay down guidelines on digital media. The government has imposed a 26% Foreign Direct Investment(FDI) cap to tighten the nose of Chinese and other foreign companies who are making investments in digital media in the country.

Major concerns with Digital media

● Anyone can easily generate content and its global presence contains lots of fake news.
● Unlike print media, digital media does not have accountability and geographical
barrier.
● Does not have either their own self regulation mechanism or government constituted a
regulatory body.
● Reporters rely on sensationalised news instead of firsthand news.
● Spreading venomous, hatred, and deliberate instigation not only cause violence but
even terrorism.
● Social media agencies are liable to court but the process is not instant.

How do we overcome this wildfire of disinformation?

We should think straight and not be tricked easily, by checking validity and source of the news. This can be done by googling the references and news images. If the news is a bit uncanny and we are unsure about its authenticity, then we should not forward it. As the virus needs a host to spread it from person to person, a piece of fake news similarly, if we refuse to carry it forward, it will die its death.

Conclusion :

The Aarogya Setu App is an outstanding initiative by the Indian government. It gives not only real-time authentic news but also debunks false information. Unregulated social and digital media could pose a threat to India’s rise as a trustworthy and responsible nation, as also Indian democracy. These challenges can be addressed by regulating social media efficiently and modernizing National laws and institutions. The time for action has come.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Social Media Boon or Bane for Society

Introduction :

Social media is a very important and popular tool as it provides us many useful and user-friendly features. Social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram are giving people a chance to connect with each other at any time and anywhere in the world.  The youngsters are one of the most dominant users of social media in these days. Social media can engage people constantly in some or other trending activities based on their choice. People have embraced social media so deeply that it has become an integral part of their lives now.

  • These platforms are being used not only by individuals but also by business houses, organizations and even by the governments for constant engagement with the masses.
  • If we look at the positive aspect of social media, we find a lot of advantages. The most important one is being a great tool for learning and educating. We can find all kind of information just in one click.
  • Students can enhance their learning on various topics using social media platforms like YouTube and Facebook. Now, we can attend live lectures just because of these social media platforms.
  • We can improve our social skills by sharing our knowledge and ideas with millions of people even if they are thousands of miles away from us.
  • Social media marketing has become one of the most significant tools that businesses and corporations are using these days to get exposure at the lowest cost.
  • These social media platforms help in attracting new customers and give them the information about the products which makes their brand more popular.
  • It also enables a business to get new information about their customers and improve their services. In spite of having many advantages, social media can also become the most dangerous tool for the society if used for destructive purposes. 
  • It is harmful as it invades our privacy. The sharing of personal information on social media can make children a target for hackers.
  • It also leads to cyberbullying which can affect their life to a great extent. Hence, the sharing on social media especially by children must be monitored carefully by the parents.
  • The next problem is the addiction of social media which is very common among the youth. The addiction of social media can destroy the academic life of students as they waste their most of time on social media instead of studying and learning.

Conclusion : 

The misuse of social media can also create communal rifts between people by sharing fake news on these platforms. Anxiety and depression is also a common disadvantage of social media. Social media is neither a boon nor a bane by itself, it is totally depends on how we use it. We must maintain a balance between our productive and unproductive activities. Excess use of anything is harmful and the same thing applies to social media too.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Fake News on Social Media – An issue 

Introduction :

Fake news is a kind of yellow journalism which comprises intentional misinformation distributed through broadcasting news media, or via Internet-based social media. Fake news is intentionally written in order to gain financial or political exaggerated, or false headlines for capturing the attention of the people. Everyone with an internet connection and a social media presence is now a content generator. Free internet service has provided access to everyone to post whatever they want and hence created a trend of fake news spreading like wildfire.

  • Everyone is in a hurry to like, share, comment instead of checking the authenticity of the news. It affects the spirit of common brotherhood and increases intolerance in the country.
  • Fake news results in harassment and threatening of innocent people and damages their reputations. It can also result in deaths. For example, the rumours about child-lifters and cattle thieves led to mob attacks and deaths across India.
  • Fake news could lead to mass protests, riots, and a breakdown in law and order. The special reserve forces or the army would have to be brought in to control the situation.
  • Fake news can start wars. It is unreasonable to put the blame on the social media platforms for the fake news menace. Because the platforms such as Facebook, WhatsApp etc. are not generating content, but by the users themselves & cannot hold them responsible.
  • Fake news creators are now using modern technology like Artificial Intelligence to create other forms of fake news. The result is called “Deep Fakes” and it employs audio and video formats, which appear more realistic and convincing.

Conclusion :

The Government needs to address the consumer end as well and adopt a collaborative way to tackle the menace of fake news. Security requirements should also consider the rights of millions of genuine users. An effective approach to deal with the fake news is to improve digital literacy i.e., the ability to identify real news from fake news. Government, media, and technology should work together to improve the overall digital literacy in India. The state police machinery should be strengthened to catch anyone responsible for spreading fake messages.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Role of Social media in Democracy 

Introduction :

Media has played a significant role in establishing democracy throughout the world. Media is considered as Fourth Pillar in democratic countries and without a free media democratic system cannot exist. Indian media has traveled a long way, from the days of newspaper and radio to present-day age of Television and Social Media. News that was seen as medium to educate the people on issues that were of utmost important for the society.

  • Media plays a crucial role in shaping a healthy democracy. It is the backbone of a democracy. Media makes us aware of various social, political and economic activities happening around the world.
  • The role of media is to make the society aware of their democratic rights. It acts as the voice of millions of citizens, when government institutions become corrupt and authoritarian. 
  • Television and radio have made a significant achievement in educating rural illiterate masses in making them aware of all the events in their language.
  • The need for an independent and control-free press is really essential in a democracy like India.  media act as a chain between the government and the citizens of the country, people have faith in media as it has an impact on the audience. 
  • The media has undoubtedly evolved and become more active over the years. It is the media only who reminds politicians about their unfulfilled promises at the time of elections.
  • TV news channels excessive coverage during elections helps people, especially illiterates, in electing the right person to the power.

Conclution :

This reminder compels politicians to be upto their promises in order to remain in power. In the present-day youth is more interested in the fast-moving world of technology and social media. Thus, it becomes important for media to ensure that the information that they are broadcasting should not be biased. Media is like a watchdog in a democracy that keeps government active. From being just an informer it has become an integral part of our daily lives.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs WhatsApp New Privacy Policy 

Introduction :

Social media is a boon for human civilization because it has brought the whole world together at one place where individuals can share their views and ideas and such interactions are beneficial for the people as it helps in increasing social skills. In today’s world, technology has made our life easier because with the help of technology we can learn new things and meet new people all over the world.

  • WhatsApp is one of the most important social applications which plays a major role in our daily life.
  • WhatsApp is facing a lot of criticism for its new privacy policy which says that it may share information of any of its users with Facebook and its partner companies. 
  • Since then there has been a huge rise in the dounloads of its alternative apps including Signal.
  • In response to global criticism, WhatsApp head Will Cathcart explained , with end-to-end encryption, they cannot see the users private chats or calls and neither can Facebook.
  • WhatsApp has also given users time till 8th of February 2021  to accept the new terms and conditions.
  • WhatsApp says it is collecting new information from users device such as Battery level, app version, browser information, mobile network, IP address and phone number etc.
  • It also declares that the data in some cases can be transferred to the USA or other parts where Facebook’s affiliate companies are based.
  • This new update has increased a lot of concern over the privacy of the people that use this application.

Conclusion :

Privacy experts have also criticised this new privacy policy. Indian users are more vulnerable as there is no any data protection law in India. If India had a data protection law, WhatsApp would not have been able to launch this new policy update. The government should also initiate some digital awareness programs to make the public aware of the importance of digital privacy in India.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Mobile addiction essay in english

Introduction :

Mobile Addiction has become a growing concern in our society now-a-days. Mobile phone addiction is quite easy but it is difficult to recover from it. Many people around the world are addicted to mobile phones. It gives us the freedom to quickly connect with anyone around the world. It also enable us to find all sort of information that we need and is a great source of entertainment.

  • While mobile phones invention was done for empowering us, but it has now started dominating us. Smart phones enable us to engage in gaming, studying and online shopping.
  • It also allow us to watch movies, click pictures, listen to music, surf the internet and enjoy various other activities. Due to high utility it results can be very harmful for us.
  • Mobile addiction can become the main cause of many serious problems, such as headaches, weakening of eyesight, sleepiness, depression, social isolation, stress, aggressive behavior, financial problems and less professional development.
  • They simply scroll through the app to check the information that are online and engage in such other useless activities on their mobile phones.
  • They are so addicted to their mobile phones that they do not hesitate to check them while driving and even during an important meeting.
  • Another sign of mobile addiction is loss of time. A person who is accustomed to mobile phones loses a complete understanding of time. He is often late to work and delays important tasks.
  • Getting rid of this habit can be difficult but not impossible. We can set a schedule for common mobile activities such as social media, texting, gaming or watching videos.

Conclusion :

We can also engage in other recreational activities like Painting, dancing, playing indoor or outdoor games. With some efforts we can overcome this problem over time. Parents also need to avoid giving phones to their teenage children. As it’s time for them to focus on their studies and find out their interest in other useful activities.

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Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Social Media – Influencer of Fake News 

Introduction :

Social media is a very important and popular tool as it provides us many useful and user-friendly features. Social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram are giving people a chance to connect with each other at any time and anywhere in the world. The youngsters are one of the most dominant users of social media in these days. People have embraced social media so deeply that it has become an integral part of their lives now.

  • These platforms are being used not only by individuals but also by business houses, organizations and even by the governments for constant engagement with the masses.
  • If we look at the positive aspect of social media, we find a lot of advantages.  The most important one is being a great tool for learning and educating.
  • Students can enhance their learning on various topics using social media platforms like YouTube and Facebook. Now, we can attend live lectures just because of social media platforms.
  • We can improve our social skills by sharing our knowledge and ideas with millions of people even if they are thousands of miles away from us.
  • Social media marketing has become one of the most significant tools that businesses and corporations are using these days.
  • These social media platforms help in attracting new customers and give them the information about the products which makes their brand more popular. It also enables a business to get new information about their customers.
  • In spite of having many advantages, social media can also become the most dangerous tool for the society if used for destructive purposes. 
  • It is harmful as it invades our privacy. The sharing of personal information on social media can make children a target for hackers.
  • It also leads to cyberbullying which can affect their life to a great extent. Hence, the sharing on social media especially by children must be monitored carefully by the parents. The next problem is the addiction of social media which is very common among the youth.

Conclusion :

The addiction of social media can destroy the academic life of students as they waste their most of time on social media instead of studying and learning. Anxiety and depression is also a common disadvantage of social media. Social media is neither a boon nor a bane by itself, it is totally depends on how we use it. We must maintain a balance between our productive and unproductive activities. Excess use of anything is harmful and the same thing applies to social media too.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Mob Lynching Growing Issues in India

Introduction :

The word ‘Mob Lynching’ is consist of two words i.e Mob and Lynching. Mob is a large crowd especially one that can easily become violent. If a crowd of people lynch someone who they believe is guilty of crime, they kill them without a legal trial. Thus mob lynching is a kind of killing by a crowd on the basis of some fake news or religious fanaticism. It has become a threat to our society now-a-days.

  • The main causes that lead to mob lynching is the absence of awareness and proper understanding among the masses. Fake news on social media platforms such as Whats App & Facebook also adds to this menace.
  • In such cases there always been some groups that intend to satisfy their hidden agenda against some other groups or community.
  • There is a deep gap of mistrust between the majority and minority communities, which always incites one to look at each other with suspicion and when used, they use the mob to avenge each other.
  • Anger prevalent in society also acts as a catalyst in it, irrespective of which form of anger, this anger can also be about the governance system, judicial system or security which eventually comes out as a rampaging mob.
  • Politics is also the main cause of violent mob, sometimes violence sponsored in the name of vote bank or violence in the name of religion, gives political parties a wide background for politics.
  • The incidents of mob lynching become very common since the Government imposed a ban on the sale and purchase of cattle for slaughter at animal markets across India in May 2017.
  • Though the Supreme Court, suspended the ban on the sale of cattle in its judgment in July 2017. The states where beef is the primary foods, there was a rise in attacks and dozens of innocent Muslims were killed. 

Conclusion :

Rumours about child lifters also ignited mob violence.  As the technology is proved to be boon for mankind but some people spread rumours and fake news leading to assault and death of people. Now, mob lynching has become a social menace, therefore the government should come with the law to deal with it. Strict actions should be taken against those group of people that leading to mob lynching so that innocent people may not be suffered and lost their lives. 

Essay on Digital, Electronic & Print Media Security Implications Vs Cyber Security Challenges in India

Introduction :

Cyber security is nothing but protecting data, networks and other information from unauthorized access, partially or fully destruction or change. Cyber security can play a very important role in our day to day life because we all have online presence. “It takes 20 years to build a reputation and few minutes of cyber incident to ruin it.” This statement presents a true picture about the same as we all are exposed to security threats and cyber attacks. In today’s world, many companies are developing different types of software to protect data.

  • Cyber security is crucial in present time as it not only helps to secure information but also our system from virus attacks.
  • It is also important because we have a huge user base i.e. after the United States and China, India has the highest number of internet users.
  • Cyber threats can be of two types 1) Cybercrime, it is usually against individuals or corporates and 2) Cyberwarfare, it is against a state or a country.
  • By using computer, internet, cellphone, other technical devices to commit a crime by any individual or a group is called cyber crime. Hackers use various software and codes to commit cyber crime.
  • Hacking has become one of the major issues in India. Hacking denotes an activity of identifying weaknesses in a computer or a network to exploit the security for accessing personal or private information.
  • Hackers often use a malware that usually appears in the form of codes and other software like worms, and adware.
  • It may gather sensitive information or gain access to private computer. As the cyber threats have great potential it can be said that the future battles will not be fought on land or air but by using cyber attacks.
  • For protecting us from the cyber attacks we can ensure our safety by using antivirus software and can also change our passwords time to time.
  • Many password management tools are available now that can be used to keep track of all the passwords. Keeping our software up to date is also a way to protect us against cyber attacks.
  • Cyber security is one of the biggest challenge due to today’s high internet penetration in our daily life. For enhancing the security of the communication and information technology, there is a need to develop a computer emergency response team.
  • Such team will help in collecting and analyzing the information on cyber incidents that will be used in forecasting and alerting the cyber security incidents.

Conclusion :

There should have sound cyber security strategies also for protecting the government organizations, the general public and the businesses. The government and other security agencies should spread awareness among the people regarding cyber security. People should also use proper antivirus software to protect their system from virus and malware attacks.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Honour Killing In India

Introduction :

Honour killing is the killing of a family member on the belief that the victim has brought shame to the family, or has violated the rules set by the community. Generally women become the victim of honour killings, where the male family members kill them due to shame. In some cases, both men and women can become victims of honour killings. It is a type of violence practiced within the family. Many countries have put strict laws against this practice.

  • It is normally done to protect the family’s honour. In male-dominated societies, the activities of women and girls are closely monitored.
  • Victims that are subjected to honour killing are believed to have been involved in actions that are considered ‘sexually immoral’.
  • A woman is targeted to kill for various reasons such as having sexual relationship before marriage or outside marriage, seeking divorce or separation from her husband.
  • In few cases, a man and woman decide to run away from their family because they are in love with each other. Still, their families do not support their marriage as it is inter-caste or inter-religion.
  • In the states of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh of India, the maximum number of honour killings take place.
  • People living in different cultures of honour consider the family to be the central institution of their society.
  • Family honour is a vague concept that is taken seriously to such an extent by some communities that killing another human in the name of ‘honour’ is considered as a matter of pride for them.
  • These cases remain legally unreported to the police due to the direct or indirect support from the villagers. In India, women are a victim of 97% of honour killing acts.  
  • In some countries, the judicial system fail to take actions to the laws against the killing committees.
  • The government of India should have strict laws against the people who not only commit the heinous crime but also support it by hiding it and removing the evidences or reporting it as suicide.

Conclusion : 

Due to lack of proper laws against these crimes, it is protecting the honour of a family or society results in the crimes being reported under myriad crime which makes it difficult to track. In some part of the world it is considered a grave offence and necessary steps are taken to criminalize it. This grave offence needs immediate attention and should be monitored as people are still losing their lives in the name of honour.

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Abhilash Kumar

The author Abhilash Kumar

Abhilash Kumar is the founder of “Studyguru Pathshala” brand & its products, i.e. YouTube, Books, PDF eBooks etc. He is one of the most successful bloggers in India. He is the author of India’s the best seller “Descriptive Book”. As a social activist, he has distributed his books to millions of deprived and needy students.

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