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Essay on Right to Privacy in India

Introduction :

The needs of human beings start from the most primary needs such as food, clothing and shelter to secondary needs such as education, work and recreation and further on to wants such as entertainment, good food, leisure travel, etc. The question that must be asked is where does privacy fit into all these needs and wants? A basic degree of privacy is a primary need in any civilized society. As the degree of privacy increases, it evolves into a secondary need and further to a want. Right to Privacy refers to respecting and ensuring the privacy of the individual.

  • The Supreme Court has cut straight to the heart of the issue in the Aadhaar petitions. On behalf of all Indian citizens, it asks the current government to address the most basic questions in a democracy governed by the law.
  • what are the privacy rights of its citizens and are they protected equally, with the same justice for the rich and the poor alike?
  • The right to privacy suggests that it is completely the choice of an individual that which parts of his life he chooses to disclose to the society.
  • Nobody has the right to interfere in someone’s life without his permission. Every individual has his private family and professional life and only he has the sole right to disclose it to others.
  • Technological developments have greatly impacted the privacy of the people. Security and anti-terrorism are the hot topics for global governments that consider the privacy of individuals as a hindrance in their missions to fight terrorism.
  • As a result, intelligence services are granted full rights to breach the security and privacy of the people thus ultimately prying into the life of people.
  • Aadhar initiative requires collection of personal data from residents of India, and this has resulted in controversy regarding its potential to be missed.
  • This is so because it requires collection of biometric details like iris scanning and finger prints which are essentially crucial details and could be misused.
  • Cyber space is a vulnerable space and is prone to threat & cyber security architecture is also not very strong in India. However, Aadhar in itself is a well-intentioned program so as to plug leakages and ensure financial inclusion.

Conclusion :

This will lead to better targeting of subsidies. With the use of the internet, in this age, social networks such as Facebook and Twitter are driving new forms of social interaction and the availability has raised privacy concerns. Towards this the government must strengthen cyber security system and assure by means of legislation that private details would be maintained private against violation of right to privacy.

Essay on Right to Privacy Vs WhatsApp New Privacy Policy

Introduction :

Social media is a boon for human civilization because it has brought the whole world together at one place where individuals can share their views and ideas and such interactions are beneficial for the people as it helps in increasing social skills. In today’s world, technology has made our life easier because with the help of technology we can learn new things and meet new people all over the world.

  • WhatsApp is one of the most important social applications which plays a major role in our daily life. WhatsApp is facing a lot of criticism for its new privacy policy which says that it may share information of any of its users with Facebook and its partner companies. 
  • Since then there has been a huge rise in the dounloads of its alternative apps including Signal. In response to global criticism, WhatsApp head Will Cathcart explained , with end-to-end encryption, they cannot see the users private chats or calls and neither can Facebook.
  • WhatsApp has also given users time till 8th of February 2021  to accept the new terms and conditions. WhatsApp says it is collecting new information from users device such as Battery level, app version, browser information, mobile network, IP address and phone number etc.
  • It also declares that the data in some cases can be transferred to the USA or other parts where Facebook’s affiliate companies are based.
  • This new update has increased a lot of concern over the privacy of the people that use this application.

Conclusion :

Privacy experts have also criticised this new privacy policy. Indian users are more vulnerable as there is no any data protection law in India. If India had a data protection law, WhatsApp would not have been able to launch this new policy update. The government should also initiate some digital awareness programs to make the public aware of the importance of digital privacy in India.

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Essay on Right to Privacy Vs Social Media Issues

Introduction :

Social media is a very important and popular tool as it provides us many useful and user-friendly features. Social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram are giving people a chance to connect with each other at any time and anywhere in the world. The youngsters are one of the most dominant users of social media in these days.

  • Social media can engage people constantly in some or other trending activities based on their choice. People have embraced social media so deeply that it has become an integral part of their lives now.
  • These platforms are being used not only by individuals but also by business houses, organizations and even by the governments for constant engagement with the masses.
  • If we look at the positive aspect of social media, we find a lot of advantages. The most important one is being a great tool for learning and educating. We can find all kind of information just in one click.
  • Students can enhance their learning on various topics using social media platforms like YouTube and Facebook. Now, we can attend live lectures just because of these social media platforms.
  • We can improve our social skills by sharing our knowledge and ideas with millions of people even if they are thousands of miles away from us.
  • Social media marketing has become one of the most significant tools that businesses and corporations are using these days to get exposure at the lowest cost.
  • These social media platforms help in attracting new customers and give them the information about the products which makes their brand more popular.
  • It also enables a business to get new information about their customers and improve their services. In spite of having many advantages, social media can also become the most dangerous tool for the society if used for destructive purposes. 
  • It is harmful as it invades our privacy. The sharing of personal information on social media can make children a target for hackers.
  • It also leads to cyberbullying which can affect their life to a great extent. Hence, the sharing on social media especially by children must be monitored carefully by the parents.
  • The next problem is the addiction of social media which is very common among the youth. The addiction of social media can destroy the academic life of students as they waste their most of time on social media instead of studying and learning.

Conclusion :

The misuse of social media can also create communal rifts between people by sharing fake news on these platforms. Anxiety and depression is also a common disadvantage of social media. Social media is neither a boon nor a bane by itself, it is totally depends on how we use it. We must maintain a balance between our productive and unproductive activities. Excess use of anything is harmful and the same thing applies to social media too.

Essay on Right to Privacy Vs Cyber Security Challenges

Introduction :

Cyber security is nothing but protecting data, networks and other information from unauthorized access, partially or fully destruction or change. Cyber security can play a very important role in our day to day life because we all have online presence. “It takes 20 years to build a reputation and few minutes of cyber incident to ruin it.” This statement presents a true picture about the same as we all are exposed to security threats and cyber attacks. In today’s world, many companies are developing different types of software to protect data.

  • Cyber security is crucial in present time as it not only helps to secure information but also our system from virus attacks. It is also important because we have a huge user base i.e. after the United States and China, India has the highest number of internet users.
  • Cyber threats can be of two types 1) Cybercrime, it is usually against individuals or corporates and 2) Cyberwarfare, it is against a state or a country.
  • By using computer, internet, cellphone, other technical devices to commit a crime by any individual or a group is called cyber crime. Hackers use various software and codes to commit cyber crime.
  • Hacking has become one of the major issues in India. Hacking denotes an activity of identifying weaknesses in a computer or a network to exploit the security for accessing personal or private information.
  • Hackers often use a malware that usually appears in the form of codes and other software like worms, and adware.
  • It may gather sensitive information or gain access to private computer. As the cyber threats have great potential it can be said that the future battles will not be fought on land or air but by using cyber attacks.
  • For protecting us from the cyber attacks we can ensure our safety by using antivirus software and can also change our passwords time to time.
  • Many password management tools are available now that can be used to keep track of all the passwords. Keeping our software up to date is also a way to protect us against cyber attacks.
  • Cyber security is one of the biggest challenge due to today’s high internet penetration in our daily life. For enhancing the security of the communication and information technology, there is a need to develop a computer emergency response team.

Conclusion :

Such team will help in collecting and analyzing the information on cyber incidents that will be used in forecasting and alerting the cyber security incidents. There should have sound cyber security strategies also for protecting the government organizations, the general public and the businesses. The government and other security agencies should spread awareness among the people regarding cyber security. People should also use proper antivirus software to protect their system from virus and malware attacks.

Essay on Right to Privacy Vs Fake News on Social Media

Introduction :

Fake news is a kind of yellow journalism which comprises intentional misinformation distributed through broadcasting news media, or via Internet-based social media. Fake news is intentionally written in order to gain financial or political exaggerated, or false headlines for capturing the attention of the people.

Everyone with an internet connection and a social media presence is now a content generator. Free internet service has provided access to everyone to post whatever they want and hence created a trend of fake news spreading like wildfire.

  • Everyone is in a hurry to like, share, comment instead of checking the authenticity of the news. It affects the spirit of common brotherhood and increases intolerance in the country.
  • Fake news results in harassment and threatening of innocent people and damages their reputations. It can also result in deaths. For example, the rumours about child-lifters and cattle thieves led to mob attacks and deaths across India.
  • Fake news could lead to mass protests, riots, and a breakdown in law and order. The special reserve forces or the army would have to be brought in to control the situation.
  • Fake news can start wars. It is unreasonable to put the blame on the social media platforms for the fake news menace. Because the platforms such as Facebook, WhatsApp etc. are not generating content, but by the users themselves & cannot hold them responsible.
  • Fake news creators are now using modern technology like Artificial Intelligence to create other forms of fake news. The result is called “Deep Fakes” and it employs audio and video formats, which appear more realistic and convincing.

Conclusion :

The Government needs to address the consumer end as well and adopt a collaborative way to tackle the menace of fake news. Security requirements should also consider the rights of millions of genuine users. An effective approach to deal with the fake news is to improve digital literacy i.e., the ability to identify real news from fake news.

Government, media, and technology should work together to improve the overall digital literacy in India. The state police machinery should be strengthened to catch anyone responsible for spreading fake messages.

Essay on Right to Privacy Vs Role of Social media in Democracy 

Introduction :

Media has played a significant role in establishing democracy throughout the world. Media is considered as Fourth Pillar in democratic countries and without a free media democratic system cannot exist. Indian media has traveled a long way, from the days of newspaper and radio to present-day age of Television and Social Media. News that was seen as medium to educate the people on issues that were of utmost important for the society.

  • Media plays a crucial role in shaping a healthy democracy. It is the backbone of a democracy. Media makes us aware of various social, political and economic activities happening around the world.
  • The role of media is to make the society aware of their democratic rights. It acts as the voice of millions of citizens, when government institutions become corrupt and authoritarian. 
  • Television and radio have made a significant achievement in educating rural illiterate masses in making them aware of all the events in their language.
  • The need for an independent and control-free press is really essential in a democracy like India.  media act as a chain between the government and the citizens of the country, people have faith in media as it has an impact on the audience. 
  • The media has undoubtedly evolved and become more active over the years. It is the media only who reminds politicians about their unfulfilled promises at the time of elections.
  • TV news channels excessive coverage during elections helps people, especially illiterates, in electing the right person to the power.

Conclution :

This reminder compels politicians to be upto their promises in order to remain in power. In the present-day youth is more interested in the fast-moving world of technology and social media. Thus, it becomes important for media to ensure that the information that they are broadcasting should not be biased. Media is like a watchdog in a democracy that keeps government active. From being just an informer it has become an integral part of our daily lives.

Essay on Right to Privacy Vs The Problem of Mobile Addiction

Introduction :

Mobile Addiction has become a growing concern in our society now-a-days. Mobile phone addiction is quite easy but it is difficult to recover from it. Many people around the world are addicted to mobile phones. It gives us the freedom to quickly connect with anyone around the world. It also enable us to find all sort of information that we need and is a great source of entertainment. While mobile phones invention was done for empowering us, but it has now started dominating us.

  • In a research it is found that on average Indian consumes 1800 hours a year on his phone. That is approximately around 1/3rd  of his waking hours.
  • The impact of obsession with smartphones, internet, and television is that merely 30 percent of people meet their family and friends multiple times a month.
  • Smart phones enable us to engage in gaming, studying and online shopping. It also allow us to watch movies, click pictures, listen to music, surf the internet and enjoy various other activities. Due to high utility it results can be very harmful for us.
  • Mobile addiction can become the main cause of many serious problems, such as headaches, weakening of eyesight, sleepiness, depression, social isolation, stress, aggressive behavior, financial problems and less professional development.
  • They simply scroll through the app to check the information that are online and engage in such other useless activities on their mobile phones.
  • They are so addicted to their mobile phones that they do not hesitate to check them while driving and even during an important meeting.
  • Another sign of mobile addiction is loss of time. A person who is accustomed to mobile phones loses a complete understanding of time. He is often late to work and delays important tasks.
  • Most parents these days are so busy in their work that they don’t have the time to tell about it to their kids. Getting rid of this habit can be difficult but not impossible.

Conclusion :

We can set a schedule for common mobile activities such as social media, texting, gaming or watching videos. We can also engage in other recreational activities like Painting, dancing, playing indoor or outdoor games. With some efforts we can overcome this problem over time. Parents also need to avoid giving phones to their teenage children. As it’s time for them to focus on their studies and find out their interest in other useful activities.

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Abhilash Kumar

The author Abhilash Kumar

Abhilash Kumar is the founder of “Studyguru Pathshala” brand & its products, i.e. YouTube, Books, PDF eBooks etc. He is one of the most successful bloggers in India. He is the author of India’s the best seller “Descriptive Book”. As a social activist, he has distributed his books to millions of deprived and needy students.

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