Essay on Omicron : Covid-19 New Variant :
“Life is like riding a bicycle to keep your balance, you must keep moving.” The above line of Albert Einstien fully relates to the present situation of Covid-19. The second wave of Covid-19 has taught us many lessons and its impact cannot be forgotton. Recently a new variant of Covid-19 detected in Southern Africa and it is called Omicron. It has been categorized as “variant of concern” by the World Health Organization (WHO). Omicron is placed in the most-troubling category of Covid-19 variants, along with the globally-dominant Delta plus.
- This variant has a large number of mutations. Some of them are cause for serious concern because they may allow the new variant to evade immunity obtained from a vaccine.
- Current vaccines offer protection against Omicron variant, including Delta. Omicron is of great concern as it has a large number of mutations that has increased transmissibility of this varient.
- In India, the immunisation campaign has gained momentum. More than 40 percent of Indian have been fully vaccinated and more than 80 percent have received at least one dose.
- We should get vaccinated to protect ourself from this new variant. Vaccines also reduce virus circulation, reducing the chances for a new mutation that could hit us even harder.
- Combining vaccination with other protective measures further reduce the risk of exposure and prevent ourselves from passing the virus on to others.
- These protective measures can be wearing a well-fitting mask, maintaining physical distance, improving ventilation of indoor spaces, avoiding crowded, confined and closed places, regularly cleaning hands and sneezing into a tissue.
Government is also taking various steps continuing to vaccinate, targeting those most at risk, including with booster doses for eligible groups. Apart from that putting in place social measures to prevent crowding and people gathering in confined places. We should also follow the Covid-19 norms which have been issued by WHO and our Government so that we can break the chain of this virus as early as possible because “Prevention is better than cure.”
Essay on Is India Ready For Covid 19 third Wave
“We think we are done with the pandemic, but the pandemic is not done with us.” Said by Gitanjali Pai which goes well with Covid-19 third wave. The way we are treating covid-19, it would not take long to spread covid-19 third wave. As it is much more than a health crisis, it is an economic, psychological and social crisis. The year of 2020 proved to be a nightmare for the entire world. The SARS-Cov-2 virus entered in our country in January, 2020 and in March 2020, the government has declared lockdown in India. Somehow, we managed to come out of the covid-19 first wave.
- It again strike our nation in its mutant form and thus covid-19 second wave emerged. Now, epidemiologists and various scientist predicted that covid-19 third wave is going to hit our nation in October, 2021.
- Our nation get shattered by Covid’s second wave. Lack of oxygen supply, hospital beds, medical care and medicines claimed lives of lakhs of people till now.
- To tackle this deadly virus, we have to work on the following 5 sectors i.e. 1) Vaccination 2) Coordination with private health care sector 3) Inclusion of medical staff 4) Mass awareness and 5) Mass production of Vaccine.
- In the budget 2021, the government allocated Rs 2.23 lakh crores to the health care sector, which was 137% increase in funds as compared to 2020, but still the second wave of the corona virus was seriously devastating.
- The nation is however, no way prepared for the covid’s third wave. India lost 2.6 trillion USD from 2020 to 2021, and any longer lockdown or restrictions can be financially harsh for people and especially for the poor.
- People may die of hunger and poverty instead of corona virus. In case, the nation decides not to impose any lockdown against the third wave, may be even more destructive.
- It is because of the fact that the problems of oxygen cylinders, requirement of enough beds, side effects of the drugs etc.
- have not been solved yet. Instead, in may 2021, we experienced a sudden surge in the cases of Black fungus which seriously affects the eye and the nervous system.
- This disease was a side effect of being on ventilated beds for long or using oxygen concentrator in which tap water is used. There may be even more side effects if the covid’s third wave hits India any sooner.
People should follow the covid-19 guidelines and government also need to take effective steps against the people breaking these guidelines. Hence, we can say that India is very less prepared for the covid-19 third wave. However, we must trust the technology and the doctors to fight against the upcoming wave. We should also use mark and sanitizer for avoiding covid-19 infection. With increased medical staff, vaccines and medical facilities like oxygen, medicines we can definitely handle the third wave of covid-19 efficiently and effectively.
Essay on Healthcare in India – Major Issues & Challenges
“Health is like money, we will never have a true idea of its value until we lost” is a very significant statement of Josh Billings. According to Webster dictionary, efforts made to maintain or restore physical, mental or emotional well-being especially by trained professionals are known as healthcare services. As per Lancet India ranked 145th among 195 countries in healthcare access & quality”. This index is a mirror that reflects the dire situation of India’s outdated healthcare services in India. The COVID-19 outbreak pushed the limits of the healthcare industry.
- In an attempt to fill the gaps in the sector, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced health and well-being to be one of the six pillars of Union Budget 2021 and also allocated Rs 2,83,846 lakh crore for the healthcare and wellness sector.
- Marking the importance of Health, World Health Day is celebrated on April 7 every year by the World health organization (WHO) to create awareness among people about health and cleanliness Issues.
- India’s healthcare scenario has seen both positive and negative achievements. The country has been successful in eradicating polio, reducing epidemics caused by tropical diseases and controlled HIV to a large extent.
- However, it still faces a huge economic burden due to NCDs (Non Communicable Diseases), struggles to balance
accessibility, affordability and quality of healthcare.
- Expenditure on public health funding has been consistently low in India approximately 1.3% of GDP. Private healthcare is expensive and unavailable which leaves public healthcare facilities as the only available option but it has limited scope.
- Recent news that reported deaths of COVID-19 patients due to lack of hospital beds and oxygen supplies indicate the worse situation of common people amid the pandemic.
- The availability of government beds is abysmally low in India about 0.55 beds per 1000 population. No single authority responsible for public health that monitors and enforce compliance of the health standards.
Government of India (GOI) created National Health Agency under NITI Aayog to act as nodal agency for surveillance, information gathering, enforcement of health statistics and maintain health database. The government has already launched Ayushman Bharat Yojna (PM-JAY) and National Medical commission Act, 2019 for poor people and economically weaker section of the society. To strengthen healthcare delivery, policy makers and pharma companies need to devise strategies that can change the present situation. Health is wealth and shouldn’t be treated as a destination. One should understand that preservation of health is better than the cure of a disease.
Healthcare in India – Major Issues & Challenges essay
“Health is like money, we will never have a true idea of its value until we lost” –Josh Billings. Health refers to the physical and mental state of a human being. To stay healthy is not an option but a necessity of life. Still, many people often take Health for granted. The COVID-19 outbreak pushed the limits of the healthcare industry in India. In an attempt to fill the gaps in the sector, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced health and well-being to be one of the six pillars of Union Budget 2021 and also allocated Rs 2,83,846 lakh crore for the healthcare and wellness sector.
- Marking the importance of Health, World Health Day is celebrated on April 7 every year by the World health organisation(WHO) to create awareness among people about health and cleanliness.
- Issues India’s healthcare scenario has seen both positive and negative achievements. The country has been successful in eradicating polio, reducing epidemics caused by tropical diseases and controlled HIV to a large extent.
- However, it still faces a huge economic burden due to NCDs (Non Communicable Diseases), struggles to balance
accessibility, affordability and quality and is unable to hike public health budgets.
- Expenditure on public health funding has been consistently low in India(approximately 1.3% of GDP). Massive rural healthcare availability gap despite the 71% of the country being predominantly rural.
- Private healthcare is expensive and unavailable which leaves public healthcare facilities as the only available option but it has limited scope.
- Therefore rural communities rely on untrained health workers who remain as the only option of medical support.
- Our healthcare system evolved in a very disorganised manner, in a way that the private sector and the health systems have grown by default and not by design.
Issues and Challenges
● The availability of government beds is abysmally low in India(0.55 beds per 1000 population), and an epidemic like coronavirus can very quickly complicate the problem even further.
● Sheer number of skilled doctors hinders efficacy of the desired quality of health services.
● No single authority responsible for public health that monitors and enforce compliance of the health standards.
One of the clearest lessons the pandemic has taught us is the consequences of neglecting our health systems. Henceforth to strengthen healthcare delivery and improve business prospects, policy makers, and pharma companies need to devise
strategies that transform a spark into a sustainable fire. Health is Wealth and shouldn’t be treated as a destination. One should understand that preservation of health is easier than the cure of a disease
Healthcare in India – Major issues and challenges essay in english
According to Webster dictionary, efforts made to maintain or restore physical, mental, or emotional well-being especially by trained and licensed professionals are known as healthcare services. ”India ranked 145th among 195 countries in healthcare access, quality” : Lancet. This index is a mirror that reflects the dire situation of India’s outdated healthcare services.
Challenges before Nationa Healthcare System(NHS):
Lack of effective primary healthcare services (PHS) foremost need for any country that has villege population as a big share and these PHS are confined mainly to maternary and child care.
Non- professionnal and semiskilled healthcare providers are becoming as avoidable gap to say that the people get adequate and complete services.
Only 1.3% of GDP was allocated to Healthcare services which indicates inadiquate funding.
There is no single authority that is empowered to authorize , survellience and information dissemation all over india.
Recent poignant news articles that reported deaths of COVID-19 patients due to lack of hospital beds and oxygen supplies indicate the situation of common indian amidst a pandemic.
Awareness about Non communicable diseases and preventive measures before any epidemic is nearly on the ground level for many of us.
What measures we can suggest to get out this peril?
PHS needed to tranformed into health wellness centres to equip them with all first class service at affordable prices.
Corporate social responsibility fund must be utilised to avail high-end medical care.
Swasth bharath jan andolan in the lines of swatch bharath must be promoted.
Without power and finance dissemation, co-operative federalism has no meaning, that is center and state government must work in tendom.
India needs atleast 2.5% of GDP for healthcare : Nationa Health Policy , 2017.
Government of India(GOI) created National Health Agency under NITI Aayog to act as nodal agency for survellience, information gathering , enforcement of health statastics and maintain health database. The passing of amendments to the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act in India recently is a step forward in recogninizing the health rights of woman. The once in a century pandemic reminded us the need for robust Medical Infrastructural Network. GOI launched PM jan arogya yojana, National Medical commission act, 2019and PM janaushadhi Pariyojana in the hope that no one should be left behind on basis his economical standards because, “ Universal coverage, not medical technology , is the foundation of any health care system.” — Richard Lamm
Essay on Is India Ready For Covid 19 third Wave Vs Essay on Bioterrorism – A Threat To Global Security
Bioterrorism is a type of terrorism which involves intentional release of microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, or other toxins to cause illness or death among humans, plants, and livestock and to terrorize the civilian population. These agents are generally found in nature and are altered or mutated in laboratory to be used as a weapon for mass destruction. This type of terrorism can easily be disseminated to cause widespread fear and panic beyond the actual damage. It can be spread through air, water or food.
- During World War-I and II Japan and Germany embarked on a large scale programs to develop biological weapons using fatal mustard gas.
- Bacillus Anthracis, the bacteria that causes anthrax, is one of the most likely agents to be used in a biological attack.
- The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ranks the biological agents and diseases that have the potential to be used as weapons into three categories.
- These are (1) Category A: High-priority agents. Example: Plague, Ebola virus, Anthrax. (2) Category B : Moderate-priority agents having low mortality rate. Example: Brucellosis, Q fever (3) Category C : Low-priority agents.
- These are emerging pathogens. Example: Hantavirus, Nipah Virus, SARS, Yellow fever virus. For restricting the development and use of biological weapons, a convention was signed at Geneva, popularly known as ‘Geneva Protocol 1925’.
- But this convention was failed to address the production, storage, testing, and transfer of these weapons. After seeing the upcoming crisis, Biological Weapon Convention (BWC) came into force on March 26, 1975.
- At present it has 183 member states. India is also a member state of this convention. BWC is formed to restrict the development, production, acquisition, transfer, stockpiling and use of biological weapons.
- It was the first multilateral disarmament treaty which bans the entire categories of weapons of mass destruction. The UN Secretary General said he sees an increasing risk of bioterrorism attacks aimed at creating a pandemic similar to that of coronavirus.
In India, National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is a specialised force constituted under the Ministry of Home Affairs to deal with chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear attacks. Since bioterrorism attacks are unpredictable, early detection, containment, treatment and communication are crucial steps for appropriate response against it. Co-operation with friendly nations and the robust surveillance system have to maintain and construction of clinical labs should be done to fight against these issues in India.
Essay on Is India Ready For Covid 19 third Wave Vs Descriptive Essay on Bioterrorism – A Threat To Global Security
“Innovation is a good thing. The human condition – put aside bioterrorism and a few footnotes – is improving because of innovation.” — Bill Gates — Were you aware that intelligence agencies proclaimed that the Novel-coronavirus
might have begun from the Wuhan lab in China?. This was conspired when researchers couldn’t figure out how bat viruses could mutate to attack humans.
- Bioterrorism is the release of microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, or other toxins deliberately to cause illness or death among humans, plants, and livestock to terrorize the civilian population.
- Deadly pathogens are the ‘next big thing’ in terror and it’s going to be a defense problem. Bioterrorism aims to create casualties, terror, societal disruption.
- The goal of the terrorists,non-state actors is to make their civilian targets feel as if their government cannot protect them.
- During World War-I,II Japan and Germany embarked on a large scale program to develop biological weapons using fatal mustard gas.
- Bacillus anthracis, the bacteria that causes anthrax, is one of the most likely agents to be used in a biological attack.
Why are bioweapons considered as perfect weapons of terror ?
- Can be spread through air, water,food,aerosol sprays or by mail on infected
- Lethal pathogens are readily accessible.
- Highly difficult to detect.
Classification of Biological Agents :
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) ranks the biological agents and diseases that have the potential to be used as weapons into three categories. These are:
● Category A: High-priority agents. Example: Plague, Ebola virus, Anthrax.
● Category B : Moderate-priority agents having low mortality rate. Example: Brucellosis, Q fever
● Category C : Low-priority agents. These are emerging pathogens. Example: Hantavirus, Nipah Virus, SARS, Yellow fever virus.
During the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation’s (SCO’s) first military medicine conference, Defence Minister of India Rajnath Singh said that bioterrorism is a real threat in today’s time and the Armed Forces medical services should be at the forefront of combating the menace.
The UN Secretary General said he sees an increasing risk of bioterrorism attacks aimed at creating a pandemic similar to that of coronavirus.
In India, National Disaster Response Force(NDRF) is a specialised force constituted under the Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA) to deal with chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear(CBRN) attacks. As time goes, the weapons have been shifted from swords to malicious biological weapons. Since bioterrorism attacks are unpredictable, early detection, containment, treatment and communication are crucial for appropriate response against it. Strengthening the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) of 1972 is a necessity of time to deal with bioterrorism firmly.
Essay on Is India Ready For Covid 19 third Wave Vs Internal Security of India in english
Internal security is the security that lies within the borders of a country. It ensures the maintenance of peace, law & order and protection of sovereignty within territory of a country. Internal security is different from external security. External security is considered as the security against aggression by a foreign country. Maintaining the external security is the responsibility of the armed forces of the country such as the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force in India.
- While internal security comes under the purview of the police, which can also be supported by the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) as per the requirement.
- In India, the internal security matters are governed by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). If we look at the past, India’s internal security problems have multiplied because of linguistic riots, inter-state disputes and ethnic tensions.
- Our country was forced to redefine its inter state boundaries due to linguistic riots in 1956. After that, the rise of Naxalism was also seen as a threat to internal security in India.
- At the time of independence, our country was under-developed. The country adopted the equitable and inclusive growth model for growth and development.
- This situation was exploited by various people or groups to pose a very dangerous challenge to the country’s internal security in the form of Naxalism and Left-Wing Extremism.
- Cyber security is the latest challenge that our country is facing these days. We could be the target of a cyberwar which can harm our security at any time.
- The growth in the use of internet has also shown that social media could play a vital role in spreading fake news and violence and thus can become a threat to our internal security.
- Border management is also important in reducing the threats to our internal security. A weak border management can result in infiltration of terrorists, illegal immigrants and smuggling of items like arms, drugs and counterfeit currency.
In the Global Terrorism Index 2020, India has been ranked at 8th place in the list of countries most affected by terrorism. India continues to deal with terrorist activity on different fronts like terrorism related to territorial disputes in J&K and secessionist movement in Assam. India needs to implement all of its national powers in a coordinated manner to address its security issues and this will happen only when we give national level importance to internal security in India.
Essay on Covid 19 vaccine in english
The Government of India has approved the Covid-19 vaccines developed by Astra-Zeneca and Bharat Biotech named Covishield and Covaxin respectively. Seeing this our PM Modi has launched the COVID-19 vaccination drive on 16th January, 2021 which can save millions of lives every year. This is the world’s largest vaccination program covering the entire country. During the launch of this drive a total of 3006 sites in all States and UTs have been virtually connected.
- Although India don’t need to vaccinate its entire population, it just have to vaccinate at least 30 to 40% of the people.
- It is estimated that a minimum of 1 billion doses of Covid-19 vaccines will be required for full immunization.
- The vaccine has introduced in phrased manner. In first phrase, the vaccine is provided to healthcare workers like doctors, nurses and other medical staff both in government and private sectors.
- Because they treat and are in close contact with those who are infected with Covid-19. Then it will be provided to police, armed forces, municipal workers and other departmental staffs.
- In third phase, people above 50 years of age and those patient who have diabetes, hypertension and organ transplant will get the vaccine. After that, the vaccine will be given to healthy adults, teenagers and children.
The central government is incurring the cost for vaccinating the core healthcare and frontier workers. For further vaccination process, the government has also developed an application named CoWIN, which will help provide real time information of vaccine stocks, storage and individualized tracking of beneficiaries for COVID-19 vaccine. The Vaccination for Covid-19 is voluntary in India. It is a safe and effective way of protecting people against this disease. Vaccines reduce risks of getting diseases by working with our body’s immune system.
COVID- 19 : Changing Social Norms in India :
The world is facing the biggest crisis in the form of coronavirus pandemic. Almost every country has been affected by the COVID-19. Over 115 million people had been affected by COVID-19 and about 2.54 million people had died worldwide. And indirectly billions of people have been suffering from the impact of this pandemic. As vaccines are being available now but still, the emphasis is on taking extensive precautions such as regularly washing of hands, social distancing and wearing of masks.
- India has successfully controlled the transmission of COVID-19 by its well coordinated efforts.
- India’s progress in pharmaceuticals and mass public awareness with the help of digital systems indeed helped in controlling the spread of this disease.
- There are still many ways by which the COVID-19 can affect our economy, of which the disruption of supply chains is the major challenge.
- Job loss is on the rise along with the slowdown in manufacturing and services activities in India.
- Millions of agricultural workers, regularly facing high levels of uncertainty, poverty, malnutrition and poor health, and suffer from a lack of safety and labour protection.
- With low and irregular incomes and lack of social support, many of them are forced to continue working, often in unsafe conditions.
- Further, when experiencing income losses, they may resort to negative coping strategies, such as distress sale of assets, taking loans or child labour. The lockdown has also impacted migrant workers in many ways.
- Several of whom lost their jobs due to shutting of industries and were outside their native places wanting to get back.
- Since then, the government has announced relief measures for them, and made arrangements like running special trains and buses to help them to return to their native places.
- At the same time, many countries undertake new reforms to strengthen the digital economy and e-commerce not only to manage the Covid-19 pandemic but also to facilitate trade & commence.
COVID-19 crisis also opens the doors of opportunities in India as we witness better healthcare both in management and facilities. New social norms have been introduced like social distancing, wearing masks, maintaining hygiene for protecting us against the Covid-19. People who are ill with Covid-19 need doses of new vaccine, which save their lives and speed up recovery. Healthcare professional should be appreciated as instead of a lot of difficulties they do their best to maintain the quality of healthcare services.
Social Impact of COVID-19 In India :
Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is a global public health concern and to combat the disease, the Government of India imposed lockdown in the country on March 24, 2020. The Government has claimed success in the fight against the coronavirus pandemic, stating that the number of cases would have been more if the nationwide lockdown had not been imposed.However, recently numbers of COVID-19 cases have increased drastically. The lockdown could also be a cause of weight gain during the COVID19 pandemic, because of poor physical activity and consumption of high calorie foods.
- Weight gain and obesity could increase the severity of COVID-19 and may increase the risk of development of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
- Social stress caused by lockdown resulting from travelling restrictions to disruption of cultural celebrations, leading to anxiety and fear among the population.
- The impact of the pandemic is visible across the sectors globally, but its effect on marginalized sections, women and children has been immense in India.
- As a result of the lockdown, there is increased possibility of malnutrition among the weaker section of the society.
- The Food Corporation of India recently allotted 12.96 lakh metric tonnes of food grains under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojna (PMGKAY) as an initiative of the government in its fight against the COVID-19.
- Impact of Covid-19 has been multiple and not only limited to society at large. From the perspective of the economy both rural and urban have been impacted adversely.
- The issue of migrant workers was one of the most highlighted issue in this pandemic where millions of them become unemployed and left without money, food and shelter.
- Everyone has seen the issues being faced by migrant workers. The migrant workers depend on daily earnings they barely have savings which they could spend during any emergency.
The masses have stood by the government during this lockdown, and a great response is observed throughout the country. Yet there are certain exceptions which are a challenge. While nearly 95 per cent of the citizenry are co-operating, the rest are creating a threat to the efforts and measures to contain this pandemic and are responsible for the collapse of the whole system. The leaders should come up with solutions for the problems and not problems for the solutions. Long term planning and collective efforts of individuals, governments and health organizations is needed to fight against this virus.
Life in COVID-19 Pandemic Crisis :
COVID-19 has affected our day to day life. This pandemic has affected thousands of peoples, who are either sick or are being killed due to the spread of this disease. The most common symptoms of this viral infection are fever, cold, cough, bone pain and breathing problems. This, being a new viral disease affecting people for the first time, vaccines are being available now but still, the emphasis is on taking extensive precautions such as extensive hygiene, regularly washing of hands, avoidance of face to face interaction, social distancing, and wearing of masks etc.
- Identification of the disease at an early stage is vital to control the spread of the virus because it very rapidly spreads from person to person.
- Most of the countries have slowed down their manufacturing of the products. The pandemic has been affecting the entire food system.
- Trade restrictions and confinement measures have been preventing farmers from accessing markets, including for buying inputs and selling their produce, and agricultural workers from harvesting crops, thus disrupting domestic and international food supply chains and reducing access to healthy, safe and diverse diets.
- The pandemic has impacted jobs and placed millions of livelihoods at risk. As common man lose jobs, fall ill and die, the food security and nutrition of millions of women and men are under threat, with those in low-income countries, particularly the most marginalized populations, which include small-scale farmers and indigenous peoples, being hardest hit.
- The various industries and sectors are affected by the cause of this disease including the pharmaceuticals industry, power sector and tourism.
- Millions of agricultural workers waged and self-employed, regularly face high levels of working poverty, malnutrition and poor health, and suffer from a lack of safety and labour protection.
- With low and irregular incomes and lack of social support, many of them are forced to continue working, often in unsafe conditions, thus exposing themselves and their families to additional risks.
- Further, when experiencing income losses, they may resort to negative coping strategies, such as distress sale of assets, taking loans or child labour.
- Migrant agricultural workers are particularly vulnerable, because they face risks in their transport, working and living conditions and struggle to access support measures put in place by governments.
- This virus creates drastic effects on the daily life of citizens, as well as on the global economy.
- There are restrictions of travelling from one country to another country. During travelling, numbers of cases are identified positive when tested, especially when they are taking international visits.
The lockdown has also impacted migrant workers, several of whom lost their jobs due to shutting of industries and were outside their native places wanting to get back. Since then, the government has announced relief measures for migrants, and made arrangements to return to their native places. All governments, health organizations and other authorities are continuously focusing on identifying the cases affected by the COVID-19. Healthcare professional face lot of difficulties in maintaining the quality of healthcare in these days.
Impact of Corona Virus (Covid-19) On Global Economy :
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a coronavirus. It was first identified in Wuhan city of China in December 2019. WHO has declared Coronavirus as a public health emergency of international concern on 30th January. Due to COVID-19 population of the world is forced to live inside their home. It is just not just affecting the health of the people but also economies of all the countries of the world. WHO is working closely with global experts, governments, and other health organizations to provide advice to the countries about COVID-19.
- According to World Trade Organization (WTO), in terms of trade, China is the world’s largest exporter and second-largest importer of merchandise as of 2019. It accounts for 13% of world exports and 11% of world imports.
- Many industries of the world are depend on China for its raw material. Many factories in China are closed now, production has also stopped for the depended companies.
- Due to slowdown in production, consumption has also declined and in this way affecting the economies of the world.
- Tourism industry is also facing huge losses due to restriction of movement of people due to spread of coronavirus.
- This pandemic has severe adverse effects on the employees, customers, supply chains and financial markets.
- In brief, most probably it will cause a global economic recession. Nevertheless, due to the uncertainty of the end of this pandemic, both the length and scale of this contraction are not predictable.
- Automobile industry is already in crisis due to the economic slowdown and now production is suffering due to disruption of supply of goods and services.
- Global financial market is fluctuating due to the supply-chain interruptions from China. It takes a while for the world economy to recover from the contraction.
- It seems that this pandemic will lead to a permanent shift in the world and its politics, especially in health, security, trade, employment, agriculture, manufacturing goods production and science policies.
- Since this new world might provide great opportunities for some countries that did not dominate world production before, governments should develop new strategies to adjust the new world order without much delay.
- For many emerging markets and developing countries, however, effective financial support and mitigation measures are particularly hard to achieve because a substantial share of employment is in informal sectors.
- According to the report, economic activity among advanced economies is anticipated to shrink by seven per cent in 2020 as domestic demand and supply, trade and finance have been severely disrupted.
The blow is hitting hardest in countries where the pandemic has been the most severe and where there is heavy reliance on global trade, tourism, commodity exports and external financing. Although it is difficult to determine the exact impact of coronavirus on the world’s economy yet it is clear the impact will be for a long time. Hope the vaccine is developed as soon as possible to prevent these losses.
Positive Impact of Coronavirus (covid-19) on Environment :
Corona virus has become worldwide disease and all nations of the world are facing it. Due to which population of the world is forced to live inside their home. Business activities in the country also affected due to corona virus. As we all know coronavirus has taken life of a lot of people all across the globe. To prevent the spread of COVD-19, governments of different nations are taking multiple steps to control the spread of this virus.
- As far as our environment is concerned, it is enjoying the positive impact of this virus.
- Before the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the air around us had been deemed very toxic to breathe in due to the amount of greenhouse gases that had been emitted over the centuries.
- The Earth faced rising temperatures, which in turn led to the melting of glaciers and rising of sea levels. Environmental degradation was happening fast due to the depletion of resources such as air, water and soil. But after the coronavirus lockdown commenced, there have been slight changes in the environment.
- After the lockdown was put in place in many countries, there was lesser travelling done by people, whether it be by their own cars, or by trains and flights.
- Even industries were closed down and not allowed to function. This in turn led to the pollution in the air dropping significantly, as there was a marked decline in nitrous oxide emission.
- Again where fish is concerned, the lockdown has seen a decline in fishing, which means that the fish biomass will increase after over-fishing almost depleted it.
- Apart from that, animals have been spotted moving about freely where once they would not dare to go. Even sea turtles have been spotted returning to areas they once avoided to lay their eggs, all due to the lack human interference.
- Today, when the production of almost everything is on halt and factories are no longer as active as they used to be, the emission of smoke has lessened which has resulted in clear sky.
- Not only this, the use of vehicles on road is reduced. All this have contributed towards lowered CO2-emissions. The emission of nitrogen dioxide has also reduced.
- Plants are growing better because there is cleaner air and water, and because yet again there is no human interference.
- With everything at a standstill, plants are allowed to thrive and grow and produce more coverage and oxygen.
- Less litter also means lesser clogging of river systems, which is good in the long run for the environment.
- To combat coronavirus, companies have asked workers to work from home.
- This has reduced vehicles on road. In addition to this, the consumption of plastic has also reduced as people no longer have tea or coffee in disposable glasses.
In this competitive era where we have to follow a hectic schedule, we have never had thought about the way we are treating the environment. However, now due to lockdown we are forced to stay at home, we have ample time to think on our actions. There is no denying the fact that coronavirus has had catastrophic impacts on mankind. However, it has surely given the environment a chance to self-heal and restore its beauty.
Impact of Coronavirus (Covid-19) on Indian Economy :
Corona virus is a kind of virus that affect the respiratory tract of human and other mammals. These are associated with common cold, pneumonia and other respiratory symptoms. Corona virus has become worldwide disease and all nations of the world are facing it. Due to which population of the world was forced to live inside their home. Up to 53% of businesses in the country have been affected due to corona virus outbreak.
- Coronavirus outbreak was first reported at Wuhan in China on 31 December, 2019. WHO is working closely with global experts, governments, and other health organisations to provide advice to the countries about precautionary and preventive measures.
- In terms of trade, China is the world’s largest exporter and second-largest importer. It accounts for 13% of world exports and 11% of world imports.
- It had impacted the Indian industry. India’s total electronic imports account for 45% of China. Around one-third of machinery that India purchases from the world come from China and around 90% of mobile phones come from China.
- Therefore, we can say that due to the current outbreak of coronavirus, the import dependence on China will have a significant impact on the Indian industry.
- A large number of farmers around the country are also facing uncertainty.
- Various businesses such as hotels and airlines are cutting salaries and laying off employees. Major companies operating in India have temporarily suspended or reduced operations.
- According to the survey, COVID-19 is having a ‘deep impact’ on Indian businesses, over the coming month’s jobs are at high risk because firms are looking for some reduction in manpower.
- Further, it is added that already COVID-19 crisis has caused an unprecedented collapse in economic activities over the last few weeks.
- The present situation is having a “high to very high” level impact on their business according to almost 72 per cent respondents.
- Further, 70 per cent of the surveyed firms are expecting a degrowth sales in the fiscal year 2020-21.
- Due to weak domestic consumption and consumer sentiment, there can be a delay in investment which further add pressure on the growth.
We can’t ignore that post-COVID-19, some economies are expected to adopt de-risking strategies and shift their manufacturing bases from China. World Bank and credit rating agencies have downgraded India’s growth for 2021, however, the International Monetary Fund projection for India for the financial year 2021-22 of 1.9% GDP growth is the highest among G-20 nations.
Covid-19 Second Wave Impacts & Solution Essay
“Those who don’t learn from history are doomed to repeat it,” is a great statement of George Santayana, one of the great thinkers of the twentieth century. Covid-19 has proved this statement. Today, millions of people are suffering from the causes given by Covid-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdown. Many people are suffering from stress and depression due to failure of business and economic recession. The second Covid-19 wave has hit India with great ferocity. Family members, friends and colleagues are infected, hospitals are flooded with patients.
- There is shortage of beds and ventilators for Covid 19 in most of the hospitals. There are again curfews and lockdown in the cities. In India, the number of Covid-19 infections touched its peak in September 2020.
- Again a sudden spike in the cases has seen from April, 2021. In the second wave, the virus is spreading with the double pace as compared to the first wave.
- Covid-19 has exposed the vulnerabilities of healthcare system and the second wave has hit it hard and thus making the situation even worse.
- In many states there are shortage of hospital beds, oxygen supply, medicines supply and even there is no space for morgues and crematorium.
- It clearly demonstrate the shortage of healthcare infrastructure in terms of doctors, medical equipment, healthcare workers and even hospitals.
- The vulnerable section of the society i.e. the unorganized sector mostly who are daily wage workers, have become the victim of the second wave again.
- India is suffering from the neat recession in these days, however in the initial months of this year, there was seen minor positive growth in the economy.
- In the initial phrase of outbreak, most of the schools and educational institutions were closed and students are regularly facing new challenges with digital learning in India.
- Hoarding of oxygen cylinders, poor implement-tation of new educational policy, insufficient health infrastructure and increasing rate of unemployment are the major challenges in India.
- Strict laws should be made against hoarding and restricting any kind of health related equipment and medications. There should be more focus on preventive measures like social distancing, wearing of mask properly and obeying lockdown.
The government has announced various measures to tackle the situation from food security to extra funds for healthcare. Mass vaccination is the only safe and reliable method to end the pandemic. As majority of healthcare and frontier workers in India have already vaccinated and now registrations are opened for rest of the public. The participation of public is the key to control the second wave and everyone should follow the guidelines provided by the government to cut the chain of the Covid-19 pandemic.