Short Essay on New National Education Policy (NEP) 2020
The New Educational policy 2020 is approved by the Central Govenment on 29 July, 2020 to overhaul the country’s education system. It aims to bring transformational reforms in school and higher education systems in India. This is the first educational policy of the 21st century in India. This new policy has covered the universalization of education from pre-school to secondary level with 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio in school education by 2030.
- The New Educational policy 2020 proposes some variation including opening up of Indian higher education to foreign universities, introduction of a four-year multidisciplinary undergraduate programme with multiple exit options.
- This educational policy focus at making India a global knowledge superpower. This policy is also focusing on overhauling the curriculum, reduction in the syllabus to retain core essentials and thrust on experiential learning and critical thinking.
- With the introduction of this new policy the current 10+2 school system will be replaced by a new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure. As the new policy suggest, there will be 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/ pre-schooling.
- At schools and higher education, there will be provision of inclusion of Sanskrit language at all levels as an option for students. This will introduce the early childhood education under the ambit of formal schooling.
In this policy, the mid-day meal programme will be extended to pre-school children. According to New Educational policy 2020, the students should be taught in their mother tongue or regional language until Class 5. According to new educational policy all the universities and colleges must target to become multidisciplinary by 2040. This new policy will bring employment in the country and completely transform our educational system.
Long Essay on New National Education Policy 2020
The New National Education Policy is approved by the Union Cabinet on 29 July, 2020 to overhaul the country’s education system. It will bring transformational reforms in school and higher education systems in the country. This is the first education policy of the 21st century. NEP-2020, which will replace the National Policy on Education-1986, is an inclusive framework focusing on the elementary-level of education to higher education in the country.
- The aim of the new policy is the universalization of education from pre-school to secondary level with 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030.
- The NEP proposes some changes including opening up of Indian higher education to foreign universities, introduction of a four-year multidisciplinary undergraduate programme with multiple exit options.
- The NEP 2020 aims at making India a global knowledge superpower. In school education, the policy focuses on overhauling the curriculum, reduction in the syllabus to retain core essentials and thrust on experiential learning and critical thinking.
- As the objective of any education system is to benefit children so that no child loses any opportunity to learn and excel because of circumstances of birth or background.
- The current 10+2 system in the school will be replaced by a new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure. As per the new policy, there will be 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/ pre-schooling.
- At school and higher education, Sanskrit will also be included at all levels as an option for students. This brings early childhood education under the ambit of formal schooling.
- The Policy reaffirms that bridging social gaps in access, participation, and learning outcomes in school education will continue to be one of the major goals of all education sector development programmes.
- The NEP 2020 talks about creating higher performance standards for teachers clearly stating out the role of the teacher at different levels of expertise and competencies required for that stage. Teachers will also have to be digitally trained to blend into the digital learning processes.
NEP 2020 recognises now the need to evaluate higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity, and hence shifting the focus of assessments from marks based to competency based. The mid-day meal programme will be extended to pre-school children. According to NEP 2020, the students should be taught in their mother tongue or regional language until Class 5. The policy also proposes that all universities and colleges must aim to become multidisciplinary by 2040. This policy will boost employment in the country and will radically transform our educational system.
New education policy 2020 Vs Online Education
Education is an important part of our live, it can either make us or break us in the future depending on the careers we choose. Online education or e-education consist of electronic mode of learning and teaching. Online education occurs outside the classroom through digital platforms. With online education students can acquire educational experiences through technology.
- Online education can be delivered in the form of text, animation, audio, video and images. The corona virus pandemic has resulted in closure of schools all across the world.
- Over 1.2 billion children globally are out of schools. As a result, education has changed drastically with the rise of e-learning, whereby teaching is undertaken on digital platforms.
- Online learning has increased retention of information, and take less time. Due to huge demand, many online learning platforms are offering free access to their services, including platforms like BYJU’S & Unacademy.
- There are some challenges are also there to overcome. Research reveals that on average, students retain 35-60% more material when learning online compared to only 8-10% in a classroom.
This is commonly because of the students being able to learn faster online. Online learning requires 40-60% less time to learn than in a traditional classroom because students can learn at their own pace, revise the concepts as and when they want. Online education has made learning flexible because learners have the freedom to study at suitable time. But tt is truth that learning is highly dependent on the individual’s motivation to learn.
Long essay on New education policy 2020 Vs Online Education
Online education is quick and have very fast delivery process that includes any learning that takes place with the help of the internet. Online learning enables the educators to communicate with students who otherwise will not be able to enroll in a traditional classroom course and assists students by adjusting their own pace or speed of learning. In todays senario, the schools and institutions that offering online education or online courses are growing very quickly.
- Students have an option that they can pursue degrees courses through online methods through a valued and credentialed university.
- Online education is also well known to offer the benefits of effficiency and synergy. The Online Education programmes makes room for dynamic communications between students and the teachers.
- With the help of these communications, sources can be shared, and an open-ended synergy developed between the teacher and students through a learning process.
- When each person provides his own opinion through discussions and comments on others’ work course, it benefits the student to learn better and faster.
- This unique advantage is shown in a student-centred virtual learning environment that online learning format alone can provide.
- Through online classes, there is no need to travel to a different city or commute long distances at all. We can stay where we are and keep our current job while we work toward improving our career with an online degree courses.
- Online education also helps digital nomads as their own lifestyle. We can watch lectures and complete our course along with our work wherever we are.
- It does not matters whether we are a full-time or part-time online student, the online education experience provides a much more manageable schedule for all of us.
- Online education has gained much more approval due to its cheapness and easy affordability. Online courses are also more affordable than those offered at schools or colleges in these days.
- While studying in universities, we may have to spend some additional amount of money in other allied activities such as transportation, lodging, and meals, but online education will not require such expenses at all.
- The most important aspects of online learning is its flexibility of time, however, one has to be extremely self-motivated for studying.
- The Online students develop various approaches for staying up to date for their study. Things like taking extra time every week to study with least distractions can help immensely and help in drastice progress.
Online education has great potential and many advantages that have increased educational access. It provides a high-quality learning opportunities to every student, improves their outcomes and skills, and expands educational choice options. Therefore, location, time, and quality are no longer considered major obsticles in seeking higher education just because of online education or e-learning.
New education policy 2020 – A step towards Right to Education (RTE)
The Right to Education (RTE) Act, 2009 empowers children belonging to the backward section of the economy to free and compulsory education. It describes the importance of free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 to 14 years in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution. This act came into force on 1 April 2010. The right to education also includes a responsibility to provide basic education for individuals who have not completed primary education.
- All children between the ages of 6 to 14 can get free education from class 1 to class 8, in a nearby government school.
- The Right to Education Act states that it is the responsibility of the government to endow every child with free and compulsory education and it should also ensure their attendance and accomplishment of their elementary education.
- It specifically explains that free education should be provided wherein no child should pay any kind of amount or fees to the school for acquiring elementary education.
- Parents of the child should not be charged for any kind of educational facilities provided to the children. Hence, it is the complete liability of the government to sustain all the expenditure incurred in the process of providing education to the children.
- It is not only the government schools but private schools are also supposed to reserve 25% of the seats for unprivileged children of the society.
- Children must be given admission in a school even if they don’t have documents like transfer certificate and age proof. Children cannot be forced to give tests for getting admission in a school.
- Every private school has to keep 25% of its seats in class 1 for children from ‘disadvantaged groups’ and ‘weaker sections’. The school has to give free education to these children till class 8.
- National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is the apex body located at New Delhi, It makes the curriculum related matters for school education across India.
The NCERT provides support, guidance and technical assistance to a number of schools in India. India has made progress in terms of increasing the primary education attendance rate and expanding literacy to approximately three-quarters of the population. The Act makes education a fundamental right of every child between the ages of 6 and 14. Now in India 74% of the population is literate in which males comprise 80% and females 65%.