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IB ACIOPrecis Writing

Precis writing exercises with answers for competitive exams

Precis writing exercises with answers for competitive exams

What is Precis Writing?

Precis writing is nothing but summarising a given passage in limited words, covering all the important aspects and details of the passage given.

“Precis denotes a brief, concise, clear and well connected abstract, summary of a given passage”.  Ability to produce a satisfactory precis is very important for many purposes in practical life. Government Officials & Businessman have no time to go through long and unnecessary details; thus a precis is a good tool for saving their valuable time.

So it is necessary for the officials working as secretary or as private secretary to have expertise in the art of precis writing. The candidates are required to write a precis of a given composition. Thus, the art of writing precis helps one to secure good marks in the examinations.

ESSENTIAL OF A GOOD PRECIS

One must keep the following points in mind while writing a precis

1. Conciseness

It is the soul of a good precis. The precis must not exceed onethird of the length of original passage.

2. Completeness :

Precis must give a complete idea of the passage. The main idea of the original passage should be presented in the same order in precis writing.

3. Clarity

A precis should be clear and lucid, free from any ambiguity or obscurity. In an attempt to shorten the passage, you must take care that the sentences constructed by you are free from any error, like improper use of words.

4. Grammatical Accuracy

A precis must be free from grammatical errors, spelling and punctuation errors etc.

  1. One-third of total paragraph
  2. Own words
  3. Clarity
  4. Complete
  5. Avoid mistakes
  6. Single Paragraph

Rules for Good Precis Writing

For avoiding errors in writing a precis, follow a set of rules as given below :

  • Read the passage carefully
  • Decide Theme of the Passage
  • Brevity and Clarity
  • Use Own Language
  • Accuracy of the Language
  • Avoid Direct Speech and
  •  Use Indirect Speech

Do’s and Don’ts

  • Start with basic idea
  • Include all the important keywords
  • Use easy vocabulary
  • Do not make assumptions
  • Avoid using abbreviations
  • Title can be underlined
  • Use Statistical data
  • Proper Tense usage

How to write Good Precis

There are many important components which make a good precis. For those who have just started their preparation for the upcoming exams, knowing the features of a good precis is extremely useful.

  • Should be a summary of the original paragraph
  • Covering all important keywords from the original paragraph
  • The details in the precis must match in that of paragraph
  • Use of linking words such as and, because, therefore, etc.
  • Should be precise and clear
  • Should be in your own words
  • Must be logically connected
  • Should have an appropriate title
  • Don’t use any idiom of your own

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Precis Writing (Example -1)

It is a fact that the caste has played a very important role in the success of Indian democracy by mobilising India’s mass electorate to participate in the election process effectively. Use of caste for political purposes had begun long before the introduction of adult franchise. Organisations based on caste for social, economic and political systems came into existence even before the Constitution came into force. Illiterate people, who didn’t understand politics were mobilised to organise themselves by appealing to their caste sentiments by self-interested politicians.

Casteism has penetrated in Indian politics so deeply as to shape and reshape not only the political parties but also their manifestos for the elections. The various caste groups, like Nair, the Christian, the Brahmin and non-Brahmin in Tamil Nadu, the Khamma and Reddy in Andhra, the Maratha and Mahar in Maharashtra, the Rajput in Gujarat, the Jat, Rajput, Meena, Brahmin and Viasya in Rajasthan, have been formed likewise in all states and determine the political scenario in the states to a great extent.

In Bihar, there is a castiest triangle formed by the Bhumihara, the Rajput and the Kayastha, besides others. Caste politics in UP varies from region to region. The Thakurs from the majority community nurture strong anti-Brahmin feelings. Not only this, a strong lobby of Dalits and non-Dalits further exists now-a-days with the so-called Dalit leaders making propaganda against so called Manuwadis or other castes. Caste has polarised national politics and caste politics breeds caste parties. Not a single party, however avowedly opposed to casteism, is free from the dominant influence of caste.

Even in the national parties, whether Congress or BJP, while allocating tickets to the candidates or portfolios to the Ministers, a proper analysis of caste factors is done. Caste tends to determine electoral nominations and voting behaviour now-a-days numerous castes have started making numerous demands, whether for reservation to categorise them as OBCs etc, vitiating the representative principles envisaged and emphasised under the democratic pattern of our country. (330 Words)

Title: Caste Deeply Rooted In Indian Politics

Precis Writing :

Caste has played a significant role in Indian democracy. Many organisations based on caste come out even before our Constitution came into existence. Several caste groups have been formed in the states that dominate the formation of parties and also their election manifestos. Castiest groups have also been formed in different regions, creating discord among castes. People have divided on the basis of their caste between Dalits and non-Dalits. Caste consideration has dominated every national and regional party. All political decisions are based on caste. Caste has polarised national politics and affected even voting behaviour. Various castes have now started making demands for reservations etc, that endangers the democratic system of the country. (112 Words)

Precis Writing (Example -2)

In today’s scenario, Mass media, specifically visual media, plays a pivotal role in creating an atmosphere of awareness in society. Media refers to different communication channels or ways through which knowledge and information is conveyed to the viewers or the readers. Visual media refers to the media that conveys knowledge and information to the viewers through their eyes; it includes television, cinema, posters etc. Whatever, is supplied through the visual media has instant and longer lasting effect on the minds of the viewers.

With rapid development of information and technology, the visual media, in the shape of cable TV, with multitudes of domestic and foreign channels has reached almost every house, playing a vital role in moulding public opinion in various ways. It plays a very crucial role in educating, and entertaining the masses. Cable TV has changed the means and modes of entertainment and education.

Sitting before a TV, one can pass and enjoy his free time listening to music, viewing movies, learning techniques of body building, hearing sermons of religious saints, learning about lives of wild animals, birds, water creatures, knowing about space and what not.

During the election period, one can know the electoral positions of political parties and their leaders, from all parts of the country and its impact on the election campaign and all facts of electioneering, just sitting before the TV.

Youngsters and teenage students are seen viewing the channels as per their likings; if some are viewing the music channels some are seen quenching their thirst for knowledge viewing channels like ‘Discovery’ or ‘National Geography’ or ‘History’ etc. The image on the small screen thus has a significant impression on all, more particularly on the gullible children and on the teens. The young mind takes the reel as real and thus is more often and more easily moulded and motivated by the visual media.

The present day fashion, hair dressing, sexual liberties, dating and awakening towards the right of youth, awareness among the women of their rights are because of the role visual media is playing in society. In a hysterical effort to excel others, some channels are showing such scenes and images which are of no importance or have an adverse effect on the minds of viewers.

Showing of sexual and rape cases, with minute details by the anchor and showing brutal scenes of murder, the channels have crossed the limit of ethics and morality. The TV coverage of massacre, creates feeling of hatred among communities and motivates others to wreak vengeance. Obsessed by the sole aim of making a fast buck the channels are competing with one another to stoop to any kind of absurdity, without considering even for a minute as to what effect such visuals have on society.  (460 Words)

Title:  Visual media Vs Indian Society

Precis :

Visual media plays an important role in creating awareness in society as it has a prolonged effect on the viewers. Advancement in technology has enabled visual media to penetrate in every house, so it can easily moulds public opinion. Cable TV has significantly affected the lifestyle of people. Methods of entertainment and passing leisure time have changed. During elections, one can know the latest status through TV. Youngsters and teenagers watch different channels as per their choices. They seem to be easily influenced by visual media. The present awareness towards fashion, sexual liberties, rights of youth and women are the result of the impact of visual media on society. Owing to unhealthy competition, TV channels are showing indecent and instigating scenes and programmes causing hatred and violence among the people, just for popularity and making money. They have no regard for ethics and morality and the effect of such visuals.

(150 words)

Precis Writing (Example-3)

When we survey our lives and efforts we soon observe that almost the whole of our actions and desires are bound up with the existence of other human beings. We notice that whole nature resembles that of the social animals. We eat food that others have produced, wear clothes that others have made, live in house knowledge and beliefs has been passed on to us by other people though the medium of a language which others have created. Without language and mental capacities, we would have been poor indeed comparable to higher animals.

We have, therefore, to admit that we owe our principal knowledge over the least to the fact of living in human society. The individual if left alone from birth would remain primitive and beast like in his thoughts and feelings to a degree that we can hardly imagine. The individual is what he is and has the significance that he has, not much in virtue of the individuality, but rather as a member of a great human community, which directs his material and spiritual existence from the cradle to grave.   (183 words)

Title:   Human being: A social animal

Precis :

Being a social animal, we are bound up with our actions and desires with others. Our food, clothes, residents and beliefs are interconnected. Without the use of languages created by others, we would have been mere an animal. If we had not been a social animal, we would have been primitive and beast like in thoughts and feelings. Thus, society plays a significant role in a person’s life.   (68 words)

Precis Writing (Example-4)

Truly Imagination and untiring enthusiastic efforts of generations build a Nation. One generation transfers the fruits of its hard work and toil to another, which then takes forward the mission the next level. As the coming generation also has its dreams and aspirations for the nation’s future, it therefore adds something from its side to the national vision which the next generation strives hard to achieve. This process goes on and the nation climbs steps of glory and gains higher strength. Any organization, society, or even a nation without a vision is like a ship cruising on the high seas without any aim or direction.

It is the clarity of national vision which constantly drives the people towards the goal. Our last generation, the glorious generation of freedom fighters led by Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, Baba Sahab Ambedkar and many others, set for the nation a vision of free India. This was the first vision set by the people for the nation.

It therefore went deep into the minds and hearts of the masses and soon became the great inspiring and driving force for the people to collectively plunge into the struggle for freedom. The unified dedicated efforts of the people from every walk of life won freedom for the country. The next generation has put India strongly on the path of economic, agricultural and technological development. But India has stood too long in the line of developing nations. Let us, collectively, set the national vision of developed India.

It means the major transformation of our national economy to make it one of the largest economies in the world; where the countrymen live well above the poverty line, their education and health is of a high standard, national security is reasonably assured and the core competence in certain major areas gets enhanced significantly so that the production of quality goods, including exports, rises and brings all-round prosperity for the people. (320 words)

Title: Building a Truly Developed India

Precis :

Building a nation really takes a long time because successive generations add their own desires and dreams to the nation’s future. They also need to try to fulfil the previous generation’s aspirations. This cycle repeats with successive generations. A clear goal or vision is required to progress satisfactorily in this direction. The generation of our freedom fighters had a popular vision for a free India, thus inspiring the freedom struggle. The next generation has worked on developing India’s economy, agriculture and technology. We should aspire for a developed India with a prosperous economy in which people are educated, healthy, skilled, prosperous and fully secured. (104 Words)

Precis Writing (Example-5)

The real implication of equal distribution is that each man shall have the wherewithal to supply all his natural needs and no more. e.g. if one man has a weak digestion and requires only a quarter of a pound of flour for his bread and another needs a pound, both should be in a position to satisfy their wants. To bring this ideal into being the entire social order has got to be reconstructed. A society based on non-violence cannot nurture any other ideal. We may not perhaps be able to realise the goal, but we must bear it in mind and work unceasingly to near it. To the same extent as we progress towards our goal we shall find contentment and happiness and to that extent too shall we have contributed towards the bringing into being of a non-violent society.

It is perfectly possible for an individual to adopt this way of life without having to wait for others to do so. And if an individual can observe a certain rule of conduct, it follows that a group of individuals can do likewise. It is necessary for me to emphasise the fact that no one need wait for anyone else in order to adopt a right course. Men generally hesitate to make a beginning if they feel that the objective cannot be had in its entirety. Such an attitude of mind is in reality a bar to progress. Now, let us consider how equal distribution can be brought about through non-violence. The first step towards it is for him who has made this ideal part of his being to bring about the necessary changes in his personal life. He would reduce his wants to a minimum, bearing in mind the poverty of India. (294 words)

Title: The Ideal Society of Non-Violent

Precis

Equal distribution means that everyone should be just able to meet their essential needs and no more, even if their needs are different. This is a possible and ideal situation in a non-violent society. Although, such a society is difficult to achieve, it can result only by transforming our social structures, relations, values and practices. Waiting for others to start before us is not a pre-requisite. If one of us changes his behaviour, others will follow. The first step towards achieving equal distribution through a non-violent society is to reduce our own personal needs, remembering that India is poor. (99 words)

Important words :

Wherewithal : the money or other means needed for a particular purpose. साधन

Unceasingly : without stopping; continuously लगातार

Contentment : a feeling of happy satisfaction संतुष्टि, संतोष

Precis Writing (Example-6)

There is a imbalance between what man is and what he wishes to be. This discord is responsible for our unrest. We talk like wise men but act like lunatics. We cannot prepare for war and at the same time for a world community. We are tormented by inner uneasiness and pangs of conscience. The warring sides of our nature require to be reconciled. If we are to defeat fratricidal tendencies in us, we must break our self-will, the pride of egoism which is widespread in all sides of our life. In man, there is always an urge to self-transcendence, but until it becomes absolute unselfishness, narrow loyalties and destructive rivalries will prevail. The unrest in the world is a reflection of our inner disharmony. A people are saved not by their military leaders or industrial magnates, or by their priests and politicians, but by their saints of implacable integrity. Religion is the discipline by which we are helped to overcome the discord in our nature and integrate our personality.

If we reflect on the history of religious development, we will be surprised at the amount of intellectual ingenuity, passion and zeal spent on the task of defining the Supreme to which silence or poetry would seem to be the most appropriate response. Self-righteousness breeds fanaticism. None but fools and fanatics are quite certain of their views of God. With crusaders there is no arguing. Before God there is neither Greek nor barbarian, neither rich nor poor, neither master nor slave. They are all citizens of the commonwealth, members of one family. A truly religious person cannot hold back but should lead. He cannot remain silent when he should speak up. He should not compromise when he should stand fast. Ethical values have relevance to social facts. We must face up to the ugly facts of sin, pride and greed. Human nature is essentially good and it is opposed to tyranny, injustice and authoritarianism.

Religion appeals to the hearts of men to root out fear, guilt and faith in force. The tradition of tolerance, not merely in a negative, but in a positive sense, that is an appreciation of other faiths, has been with us for centuries. Tolerance is not apathy, but is conviction without condescension. Aggressiveness is not an essential part of human nature. Combativeness can be replaced by meekness and gentleness. The Cross indicates that the love which suffers is more powerful than the force which inflicts suffering. (410 Words)

Title:   Tolerance Helps in Reducing Discord

Precis

What a man wants to be and what he is, there is imbalance and difference between it, this causes feeling of unease and regret in human mind. Until we become unselfish, swallow our pride and overcome our desires, the conflict will remain. This cannot be removed by political, military or business leaders, but by saintly people, who must lead others to change their outlook. Man’s inherent nature is good and against any form of cruelty or oppression. Our religions developed over the ages and it reflects the great efforts made to define God, by excessively enthusiastic people. However, God is indefinable, treating all persons equally irrespective of wealth, position or class. Religion also helps us to remove our fear and guilt feelings. This has been proved by history. Feelings of conflict should be replaced by compassion and kindness. (138 Words)

Tormented : Something that causes extreme physical or mental pain       तीव्र मानसिक या शारीरिक पीड़ा

Reconcile : To find a way of dealing with two ideas, situations,    statements ताल-मेल बैठाना

Fratricidal :  Conflict within a single family or organization

Implacable : impossible to change, जिसे बदलना असंभव हो

Ingenuity : skill or cleverness चालाकी

Righteousness : the quality of being morally right or justifiable न्याय परायण

Crusaders : a long and determined attempt to achieve something you strongly believe in

Tyranny : an act or the pattern of harsh, cruel, and unfair control over other people उत्पीड़न

Authoritarianism : Principle of blind submission to authority, as opposed to individual freedom of thought and action.

Condescension : showing superior attitude toward others

Meekness :  the quality of being quiet, gentle, and unwilling to argue

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Essay on Covid 19 | Covid 19 essay in english

COVID- 19 : Changing The Future Of India essay in english :

Introduction :

The world is facing the biggest crisis in the form of coronavirus pandemic. Almost every country has been affected by the COVID-19. Over 115 million people had been affected by COVID-19 and about 2.54 million people had died worldwide.  And indirectly billions of people have been suffering from the impact of this pandemic. As vaccines are being available now but still, the emphasis is on taking extensive precautions such as regularly washing of hands, social distancing and wearing of masks.

  • India has successfully controlled the transmission of COVID-19 by its well coordinated efforts.
  • India’s progress in pharmaceuticals and mass public awareness with the help of digital systems indeed helped in controlling the spread of this disease.
  • There are still many ways by which the COVID-19 can affect our economy, of which the disruption of supply chains is the major challenge.
  • Job loss is on the rise along with the slowdown in manufacturing and services activities in India.  
  • Millions of agricultural workers, regularly facing high levels of uncertainty, poverty, malnutrition and poor health, and suffer from a lack of safety and labour protection.
  • With low and irregular incomes and lack of social support, many of them are forced to continue working, often in unsafe conditions.
  • Further, when experiencing income losses, they may resort to negative coping strategies, such as distress sale of assets, taking loans or child labour. The lockdown has also impacted migrant workers in many ways.
  • Several of whom lost their jobs due to shutting of industries and were outside their native places wanting to get back.
  • Since then, the government has announced relief measures for them, and made arrangements like running special trains and buses to help them to return to their native places.
  • At the same time, many countries undertake new reforms to strengthen the digital economy and e-commerce not only to manage the Covid-19 pandemic but also to facilitate trade & commence.

Conclusion :

COVID-19 crisis also opens the doors of opportunities in India as we witness better healthcare both in management and facilities. New social norms have been introduced like social distancing, wearing masks, maintaining hygiene for protecting us against the Covid-19. People who are ill with Covid-19 need doses of new vaccine, which save their lives and speed up recovery. Healthcare professional should be appreciated as instead of a lot of difficulties they do their best to maintain the quality of healthcare services.

 

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IB ACIOPrecis Writing

Precis writing practice exercises with answers

IB acio precis writing practice exercises with answers & important Tips for better score :

What is Precis Writing?

Precis writing is nothing but summarising a given passage in limited words, covering all the important aspects and details of the passage given.

“Precis denotes a brief, concise, clear and well connected abstract, summary of a given passage”.  Ability to produce a satisfactory precis is very important for many purposes in practical life. Government Officials & Businessman have no time to go through long and unnecessary details; thus a precis is a good tool for saving their valuable time.

So it is necessary for the officials working as secretary or as private secretary to have expertise in the art of precis writing. The candidates are required to write a precis of a given composition. Thus, the art of writing precis helps one to secure good marks in the examinations.

 

ESSENTIAL OF A GOOD PRECIS

One must keep the following points in mind while writing a precis

1. Conciseness

It is the soul of a good precis. The precis must not exceed onethird of the length of original passage.

2. Completeness :

Precis must give a complete idea of the passage. The main idea of the original passage should be presented in the same order in precis writing.

3. Clarity

A precis should be clear and lucid, free from any ambiguity or obscurity. In an attempt to shorten the passage, you must take care that the sentences constructed by you are free from any error, like improper use of words.

4. Grammatical Accuracy

A precis must be free from grammatical errors, spelling and punctuation errors etc.

  1. One-third of total paragraph
  2. Own words
  3. Clarity
  4. Complete
  5. Avoid mistakes
  6. Single Paragraph

Rules for Good Precis Writing

For avoiding errors in writing a precis, follow a set of rules as given below :

  • Read the passage carefully
  • Decide Theme of the Passage
  • Brevity and Clarity
  • Use Own Language
  • Accuracy of the Language
  • Avoid Direct Speech and
  •  Use Indirect Speech

Do’s and Don’ts

  • Start with basic idea
  • Include all the important keywords
  • Use easy vocabulary
  • Do not make assumptions
  • Avoid using abbreviations
  • Title can be underlined
  • Use Statistical data
  • Proper Tense usage

How to write Good Precis

There are many important components which make a good precis. For those who have just started their preparation for the upcoming exams, knowing the features of a good precis is extremely useful.

  • Should be a summary of the original paragraph
  • Covering all important keywords from the original paragraph
  • The details in the precis must match in that of paragraph
  • Use of linking words such as and, because, therefore, etc.
  • Should be precise and clear
  • Should be in your own words
  • Must be logically connected
  • Should have an appropriate title
  • Don’t use any idiom of your own

 

Precis Writing (Example -1)

In today’s scenario, Mass media, specifically visual media, plays a pivotal role in creating an atmosphere of awareness in society. Media refers to different communication channels or ways through which knowledge and information is conveyed to the viewers or the readers. Visual media refers to the media that conveys knowledge and information to the viewers through their eyes; it includes television, cinema, posters etc. Whatever, is supplied through the visual media has instant and longer lasting effect on the minds of the viewers.

With rapid development of information and technology, the visual media, in the shape of cable TV, with multitudes of domestic and foreign channels has reached almost every house, playing a vital role in moulding public opinion in various ways. It plays a very crucial role in educating, and entertaining the masses. Cable TV has changed the means and modes of entertainment and education.

Sitting before a TV, one can pass and enjoy his free time listening to music, viewing movies, learning techniques of body building, hearing sermons of religious saints, learning about lives of wild animals, birds, water creatures, knowing about space and what not.

During the election period, one can know the electoral positions of political parties and their leaders, from all parts of the country and its impact on the election campaign and all facts of electioneering, just sitting before the TV.

Youngsters and teenage students are seen viewing the channels as per their likings; if some are viewing the music channels some are seen quenching their thirst for knowledge viewing channels like ‘Discovery’ or ‘National Geography’ or ‘History’ etc. The image on the small screen thus has a significant impression on all, more particularly on the gullible children and on the teens. The young mind takes the reel as real and thus is more often and more easily moulded and motivated by the visual media.

The present day fashion, hair dressing, sexual liberties, dating and awakening towards the right of youth, awareness among the women of their rights are because of the role visual media is playing in society. In a hysterical effort to excel others, some channels are showing such scenes and images which are of no importance or have an adverse effect on the minds of viewers.

Showing of sexual and rape cases, with minute details by the anchor and showing brutal scenes of murder, the channels have crossed the limit of ethics and morality. The TV coverage of massacre, creates feeling of hatred among communities and motivates others to wreak vengeance. Obsessed by the sole aim of making a fast buck the channels are competing with one another to stoop to any kind of absurdity, without considering even for a minute as to what effect such visuals have on society.  (460 Words)

Title:  Visual media Vs Indian Society

 

Precis :

Visual media plays an important role in creating awareness in society as it has a prolonged effect on the viewers. Advancement in technology has enabled visual media to penetrate in every house, so it can easily moulds public opinion. Cable TV has significantly affected the lifestyle of people. Methods of entertainment and passing leisure time have changed. During elections, one can know the latest status through TV. Youngsters and teenagers watch different channels as per their choices. They seem to be easily influenced by visual media. The present awareness towards fashion, sexual liberties, rights of youth and women are the result of the impact of visual media on society. Owing to unhealthy competition, TV channels are showing indecent and instigating scenes and programmes causing hatred and violence among the people, just for popularity and making money. They have no regard for ethics and morality and the effect of such visuals.

(150 words)

 

Precis Writing (Example-2)

When we survey our lives and efforts we soon observe that almost the whole of our actions and desires are bound up with the existence of other human beings. We notice that whole nature resembles that of the social animals. We eat food that others have produced, wear clothes that others have made, live in house knowledge and beliefs has been passed on to us by other people though the medium of a language which others have created. Without language and mental capacities, we would have been poor indeed comparable to higher animals.

We have, therefore, to admit that we owe our principal knowledge over the least to the fact of living in human society. The individual if left alone from birth would remain primitive and beast like in his thoughts and feelings to a degree that we can hardly imagine. The individual is what he is and has the significance that he has, not much in virtue of the individuality, but rather as a member of a great human community, which directs his material and spiritual existence from the cradle to grave.   (183 words)

Title:   Human being: A social animal

Precis :

Being a social animal, we are bound up with our actions and desires with others. Our food, clothes, residents and beliefs are interconnected. Without the use of languages created by others, we would have been mere an animal. If we had not been a social animal, we would have been primitive and beast like in thoughts and feelings. Thus, society plays a significant role in a person’s life.   (68 words)

Precis Writing (Example-3)

India is suffering from many social problems. Corruption is one of them. The most disquieting aspect of the widespread corruption in India is the fact that it is not anymore confined to politicians or the government machinery alone. It is prevalent amongst almost every section of the society, at every level. As the practice of corruption is a dishonest act, one tends to think that most of the Indians are dishonest, the extent could be varying only in degree between the individuals. The reason for the dishonesty is greediness and the desire to get things done at any cost. One can think that most of the countrymen are greedy and do not anymore consider that the means should justify the ends. This is not a flattering statement and many readers would desire that it would not be so and that such a statement could have been avoided. But, the fact is, that most of the Indians are involved in corrupt practices in one way or the other, either due to greed or due to compulsion.

In any case, the willingness to sacrifice for the sake of not getting involved in corrupt dealings is conspicuous by its absence amongst the majority. The study of world phenomenon of corruption has repeatedly branded India as one of the most corrupt countries in the world. Unfortunately, this view has not disturbed most of the Indians at all and they do not seem to care as to what others think of them; so long as the existing systems and practices would allow them to make money and get things done in one way or the other.

The irony is that India is still considered to be a very religious country and it is still widely believed that the religion is the basis of Indian life, thoughts and actions. This is obviously true, considering the fact that there are hundreds of temples, churches and mosques spread all over the country and they are all densely visited, day in and day out, by the feverishly praying Indians.

Is not religious ethos contrary to corruption and dishonest practices? The unfortunate situation in India is that those who call themselves most religious are often found to have indulged themselves in dishonest practices on many occasions. Several of the religious centres, of all religions, are suspected to be steeped in nepotism, as, such incidents have been repeatedly published in the press. (401 Words)

Title:   Corruption – Enrooted in Society

Precis :

Corruption, one of the social problems widespread in India is not anymore a politician thing it has spread its wings in all section of the society. As this unfair act is more prevalent in India , the outside world perceives Indians as corrupted
beings and they can go to any extent to fulfill their greediness. In Spite of India being branded as a corrupted nation by the world, its people are not giving any heed and are constantly involved in making money for getting unnecessary things
done. On the other hand India is also recognised as a religious nation, with all its temples, churches, mosques which are crowded by visitors everyday. Which religion preaches corruption and dishonest practices? Many instances of nepotism, religious believers involved in dishonest practices have been published
in the press. (134 Words)

Precis Writing (Example-4)

The real implication of equal distribution is that each man shall have the wherewithal to supply all his natural needs and no more. e.g. if one man has a weak digestion and requires only a quarter of a pound of flour for his bread and another needs a pound, both should be in a position to satisfy their wants. To bring this ideal into being the entire social order has got to be reconstructed. A society based on non-violence cannot nurture any other ideal. We may not perhaps be able to realise the goal, but we must bear it in mind and work unceasingly to near it. To the same extent as we progress towards our goal we shall find contentment and happiness and to that extent too shall we have contributed towards the bringing into being of a non-violent society.

It is perfectly possible for an individual to adopt this way of life without having to wait for others to do so. And if an individual can observe a certain rule of conduct, it follows that a group of individuals can do likewise. It is necessary for me to emphasise the fact that no one need wait for anyone else in order to adopt a right course. Men generally hesitate to make a beginning if they feel that the objective cannot be had in its entirety. Such an attitude of mind is in reality a bar to progress. Now, let us consider how equal distribution can be brought about through non-violence. The first step towards it is for him who has made this ideal part of his being to bring about the necessary changes in his personal life. He would reduce his wants to a minimum, bearing in mind the poverty of India. (294 words)

Title: The Ideal Society of Non-Violent

Precis

Equal distribution means that everyone should be just able to meet their essential needs and no more, even if their needs are different. This is a possible and ideal situation in a non-violent society. Although, such a society is difficult to achieve, it can result only by transforming our social structures, relations, values and practices. Waiting for others to start before us is not a pre-requisite. If one of us changes his behaviour, others will follow. The first step towards achieving equal distribution through a non-violent society is to reduce our own personal needs, remembering that India is poor. (99 words)

Important words :

Wherewithal : the money or other means needed for a particular purpose. साधन

Unceasingly : without stopping; continuously लगातार

Contentment : a feeling of happy satisfaction संतुष्टि, संतोष

Precis Writing (Example-5)

There is a imbalance between what man is and what he wishes to be. This discord is responsible for our unrest. We talk like wise men but act like lunatics. We cannot prepare for war and at the same time for a world community. We are tormented by inner uneasiness and pangs of conscience. The warring sides of our nature require to be reconciled. If we are to defeat fratricidal tendencies in us, we must break our self-will, the pride of egoism which is widespread in all sides of our life. In man, there is always an urge to self-transcendence, but until it becomes absolute unselfishness, narrow loyalties and destructive rivalries will prevail. The unrest in the world is a reflection of our inner disharmony. A people are saved not by their military leaders or industrial magnates, or by their priests and politicians, but by their saints of implacable integrity. Religion is the discipline by which we are helped to overcome the discord in our nature and integrate our personality.

If we reflect on the history of religious development, we will be surprised at the amount of intellectual ingenuity, passion and zeal spent on the task of defining the Supreme to which silence or poetry would seem to be the most appropriate response. Self-righteousness breeds fanaticism. None but fools and fanatics are quite certain of their views of God. With crusaders there is no arguing. Before God there is neither Greek nor barbarian, neither rich nor poor, neither master nor slave. They are all citizens of the commonwealth, members of one family. A truly religious person cannot hold back but should lead. He cannot remain silent when he should speak up. He should not compromise when he should stand fast. Ethical values have relevance to social facts. We must face up to the ugly facts of sin, pride and greed. Human nature is essentially good and it is opposed to tyranny, injustice and authoritarianism.

Religion appeals to the hearts of men to root out fear, guilt and faith in force. The tradition of tolerance, not merely in a negative, but in a positive sense, that is an appreciation of other faiths, has been with us for centuries. Tolerance is not apathy, but is conviction without condescension. Aggressiveness is not an essential part of human nature. Combativeness can be replaced by meekness and gentleness. The Cross indicates that the love which suffers is more powerful than the force which inflicts suffering. (410 Words)

Title:   Tolerance Helps in Reducing Discord

Precis

What a man wants to be and what he is, there is imbalance and difference between it, this causes feeling of unease and regret in human mind. Until we become unselfish, swallow our pride and overcome our desires, the conflict will remain. This cannot be removed by political, military or business leaders, but by saintly people, who must lead others to change their outlook. Man’s inherent nature is good and against any form of cruelty or oppression. Our religions developed over the ages and it reflects the great efforts made to define God, by excessively enthusiastic people. However, God is indefinable, treating all persons equally irrespective of wealth, position or class. Religion also helps us to remove our fear and guilt feelings. This has been proved by history. Feelings of conflict should be replaced by compassion and kindness. (138 Words)

Tormented : Something that causes extreme physical or mental pain       तीव्र मानसिक या शारीरिक पीड़ा

Reconcile : To find a way of dealing with two ideas, situations,    statements ताल-मेल बैठाना

Fratricidal :  Conflict within a single family or organization

Implacable : impossible to change, जिसे बदलना असंभव हो

Ingenuity : skill or cleverness चालाकी

Righteousness : the quality of being morally right or justifiable न्याय परायण

Crusaders : a long and determined attempt to achieve something you strongly believe in

Tyranny : an act or the pattern of harsh, cruel, and unfair control over other people उत्पीड़न

Authoritarianism : Principle of blind submission to authority, as opposed to individual freedom of thought and action.

Condescension : showing superior attitude toward others

Meekness :  the quality of being quiet, gentle, and unwilling to argue

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EssaysIB ACIO

Internal Security Challenges In India essay in english

Internal Security Challenges In India essay in english :

Introduction :

Internal security is the security that lies within the borders of a country. It ensures the maintenance of peace, law & order and protection of sovereignty within territory of a country. Internal security is different from external security. External security is considered as the security against aggression by a foreign country. Maintaining the external security is the responsibility of the armed forces of the country such as the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force in India.

  • While internal security comes under the purview of the police, which can also be supported by the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) as per the requirement.
  • In India, the internal security matters are governed by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). If we look at the past, India’s internal security problems have multiplied because of linguistic riots, inter-state disputes and ethnic tensions.
  • Our country was forced to redefine its inter state boundaries due to linguistic riots in 1956. After that, the rise of Naxalism was also seen as a threat to internal security in India.
  • At the time of independence, our country was under-developed. The country adopted the equitable and inclusive growth model for growth and development.
  • This situation was exploited by various people or groups to pose a very dangerous challenge to the country’s internal security in the form of Naxalism and Left-Wing Extremism.
  • Cyber security is the latest challenge that our country is facing these days. We could be the target of a cyberwar which can harm our security at any time.
  • The growth in the use of internet has also shown that social media could play a vital role in spreading fake news and violence and thus can become a threat to our internal security. 
  • Border management is also important in reducing the threats to our internal security. A weak border management can result in infiltration of terrorists, illegal immigrants and smuggling of items like arms, drugs and counterfeit currency.

Conclusion : 

In the Global Terrorism Index 2020, India has been ranked at 8th place in the list of countries most affected by terrorism. India continues to deal with terrorist activity on different fronts like terrorism related to territorial disputes in J&K and secessionist movement in Assam. India needs to implement all of its national powers in a coordinated manner to address its security issues and this will happen only when we give national level importance to internal security in India.

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Essay on Naxalism – An threat to Internal Security

Introduction :

“ Power flows through the barrel of the gun” is the key slogan of Maoists. Have you ever heard of ‘GreyHounds’. What No/Yes! It’s not the breed of dog rather it is an elite commando force of Andhra Pradesh created to combat Naxalism. Naxalism is one of the major challenges of Internal security. After the independence, India was an under-developed
country, so it strived for the development and growth of the nation. However, there are certain areas where it has failed to grow such as poverty, unemployment, under-development which still prevail in interior regions of India. These conditions gave rise as the threat to Internal Security. Naxalism is also known as Left-Wing Extremism(LWE)/Maoism.

Evolution of Naxalism :

  • The term Naxal gets its name from the village Naxalbari,in WestBengal, where the movement originated in 1967, led by Charu Majumdar.
  • Initially it started as a peasant movement who are fighting for land to cultivate. Eventually it stretched out and diversified.
  • The Naxalists believe that they are being exploited by the elite class and to get justice the only door they have is extreme violence.
  • This ideology is commonly called Communism/Marxism. The movement has spread across the Eastern India in less developed areas.
  • Some groups also engage in parliamentary politics ex. Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist). They even made
    progress in weapons from bows and arrows, to sophisticated weapons like AK47 rifles.
  • According to the Home Ministry, the districts affected by LWE are in the states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh.

How are they spreading ?

They spread their ideologies in a phased manner:
● Preparatory Phase: Detailed survey of new areas.
● Perspective Phase: Demonstration against Government by talking about public issues.
● Guerilla Phase: Converting into Guerilla warfare
● Base phase: establishing their base
● Liberated Phase: Establishing People’s Government.

The chief reason behind the rise of the movement was the lack of development of these regions despite being mineral-rich, being neglected by the government and the mainstream media, Corruption, alienation by large groups of people, the issue of Jal-Jangal-Jameen(water,forest, land): exploiting their mineral-rich land, illegal encroachment.

Conclusion :

Operation ‘SAMADHAN’, ‘Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation’ are the recent initiatives on the part of the Union Government to deal with the problem of Naxalism. Naxalism is not a problem but it is a symptom of a problem. LWE succeeds in the areas where there is no trust in the Government. Eliminating naxalism is only possible by addressing their problems but not by eliminating their leaders. Better infrastructure, socio-economic development, coordination between states and center, decentralisation are some of the steps to weed out naxalism. Because if the Naxalists have nothing to fight they won’t fight.

Cyber Crime as A Security Issue in India

Introduction :

In technically driven society, people use various devices to make life simple. Globalization results in connecting people all around the world. The increasing access to and continuous use of technology has radically impacted the way in which people communicate and conduct their daily lives. Cyber-crime is a crime in which computer is used as an object of crime to commit an offence. It may range from hate speeches, child pornography, accessing personal information, bank frauds, credit and debit card information thefts to spreading different kinds of viruses and worms throughout the world.

  • In cyber-crime a computer is used as a weapon of crime by an individual, an organized group or even a country. The most common types of cyber-crimes are hacking, spanning and infecting computers with virus and worms.
  • Hackers access a person’s personal information over the internet such as his credit card and bank account numbers. A person may lose his whole bank balance in a second and may fall into heavy debt instantly.
  • Cyber Crime are categorized into four major types. These are Financial, Privacy, Hacking, and Cyber Terrorism. The financial crime they steal the money of user or account holders.
  • Likewise, they also stole data of companies which can lead to financial crimes. Also, transactions are heavily risked because of them. Every year hackers stole lakhs and crores of rupees of businessmen and government.
  • Privacy crime includes stealing your private data which you do not want to share with the world. Moreover, due to it, the people suffer a lot and some even commit suicide because of their data’s misuse.
  • In, hacking they intentional deface a website to cause damage or loss to the public or owner. Apart from that, they destroy or make changes in the existing websites to diminish its value.
  • Another type of cyber-crimes is theft. Artistic works like books, music and movies are downloaded and circulated thereby infringing upon a person’s copyright materials.

Conclusion :

Cyber bullying has become a common practice causing serious repercussions, insanity and even deaths. Another typed of serious crime is defamation. It takes a whole life to earn respect but a dirty mind and an internet connection to wipe it away in a second. In this great world, virtues and vices march hand in hand. With every boon comes a bane. the numerous advantages of every inventions shouldn’t be marred by its abuses and misuses. Why not be a little vigilant both in the world and web?

Social Media as Internal Security issue In India

Introduction :

Social media is a very important and popular tool as it provides us many useful and user-friendly features. Social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram are giving people a chance to connect with each other at any time and anywhere in the world. The youngsters are one of the most dominant users of social media in these days. People have embraced social media so deeply that it has become an integral part of their lives now.

  • These platforms are being used not only by individuals but also by business houses, organizations and even by the governments for constant engagement with the masses.
  • If we look at the positive aspect of social media, we find a lot of advantages.  The most important one is being a great tool for learning and educating.
  • Students can enhance their learning on various topics using social media platforms like YouTube and Facebook. Now, we can attend live lectures just because of social media platforms.
  • We can improve our social skills by sharing our knowledge and ideas with millions of people even if they are thousands of miles away from us.
  • Social media marketing has become one of the most significant tools that businesses and corporations are using these days.
  • These social media platforms help in attracting new customers and give them the information about the products which makes their brand more popular. It also enables a business to get new information about their customers.
  • In spite of having many advantages, social media can also become the most dangerous tool for the society if used for destructive purposes. 
  • It is harmful as it invades our privacy. The sharing of personal information on social media can make children a target for hackers. It also leads to cyberbullying which can affect their life to a great extent.
  • Hence, the sharing on social media especially by children must be monitored carefully by the parents. The next problem is the addiction of social media which is very common among the youth.

Conclusion :

The addiction of social media can destroy the academic life of students as they waste their most of time on social media instead of studying and learning. Anxiety and depression is also a common disadvantage of social media. Social media is neither a boon nor a bane by itself, it is totally depends on how we use it. We must maintain a balance between our productive and unproductive activities. Excess use of anything is harmful and the same thing applies to social media too.

Mobile Addiction as Internal Security Issues in India

Introduction : 

Mobile Addiction has become a growing concern in our society now-a-days. Mobile phone addiction is quite easy but it is difficult to recover from it. Many people around the world are addicted to mobile phones. It gives us the freedom to quickly connect with anyone around the world. It also enable us to find all sort of information that we need and is a great source of entertainment. While mobile phones invention was done for empowering us, but it has now started dominating us.

  • In a research it is found that on average Indian consumes 1800 hours a year on his phone. That is approximately around 1/3rd  of his waking hours.
  • The impact of obsession with smartphones, internet, and television is that merely 30 percent of people meet their family and friends multiple times a month.
  • Smart phones enable us to engage in gaming, studying and online shopping. It also allow us to watch movies, click pictures, listen to music, surf the internet and enjoy various other activities.
  • Due to high utility it results can be very harmful for us. Mobile addiction can become the main cause of many serious problems, such as headaches, weakening of eyesight, sleepiness, depression, social isolation, stress, aggressive behavior, financial problems and less professional development.
  • They simply scroll through the app to check the information that are online and engage in such other useless activities on their mobile phones.
  • They are so addicted to their mobile phones that they do not hesitate to check them while driving and even during an important meeting.
  • Another sign of mobile addiction is loss of time. A person who is accustomed to mobile phones loses a complete understanding of time. He is often late to work and delays important tasks.
  • Most parents these days are so busy in their work that they don’t have the time to tell about it to their kids. Getting rid of this habit can be difficult but not impossible.

Conclusion :

We can set a schedule for common mobile activities such as social media, texting, gaming or watching videos. We can also engage in other recreational activities like Painting, dancing, playing indoor or outdoor games. With some efforts we can overcome this problem over time. Parents also need to avoid giving phones to their teenage children. As it’s time for them to focus on their studies and find out their interest in other useful activities.

Honour Killing as Internal Security Issues in India

Introduction :

Honour killing is the killing of a family member on the belief that the victim has brought shame to the family, or has violated the rules set by the community. Generally women become the victim of honour killings, where the male family members kill them due to shame. In some cases, both men and women can become victims of honour killings. It is a type of violence practiced within the family. Many countries have put strict laws against this practice.

  • It is normally done to protect the family’s honour. In male-dominated societies, the activities of women and girls are closely monitored.
  • Victims that are subjected to honour killing are believed to have been involved in actions that are considered ‘sexually immoral’.
  • A woman is targeted to kill for various reasons such as having sexual relationship before marriage or outside marriage, seeking divorce or separation from her husband.
  • In few cases, a man and woman decide to run away from their family because they are in love with each other. Still, their families do not support their marriage as it is inter-caste or inter-religion.
  • In the states of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh of India, the maximum number of honour killings take place. People living in different cultures of honour consider the family to be the central institution of their society.
  • Family honour is a vague concept that is taken seriously to such an extent by some communities that killing another human in the name of ‘honour’ is considered as a matter of pride for them.
  • These cases remain legally unreported to the police due to the direct or indirect support from the villagers. In India, women are a victim of 97% of honour killing acts. In some countries, the judicial system fail to take actions to the laws against the killing committees.
  • The government of India should have strict laws against the people who not only commit the heinous crime but also support it by hiding it and removing the evidences or reporting it as suicide.

Conclusion :

Due to lack of proper laws against these crimes, it is protecting the honour of a family or society results in the crimes being reported under myriad crime which makes it difficult to track. In some part of the world it is considered a grave offence and necessary steps are taken to criminalize it. This grave offence needs immediate attention and should be monitored as people are still losing their lives in the name of honour.

Fake News as a security Issue in India

Introduction :

Fake news is a kind of yellow journalism which comprises intentional misinformation distributed through broadcasting news media, or via Internet-based social media. Fake news is intentionally written in order to gain financial or political exaggerated, or false headlines for capturing the attention of the people. Everyone with an internet connection and a social media presence is now a content generator.

  • Free internet service has provided access to everyone to post whatever they want and hence created a trend of fake news spreading like wildfire. Everyone is in a hurry to like, share & comment instead of checking the authenticity of the news.
  • It affects the spirit of common brotherhood and increases intolerance in the country. Fake news results in harassment and threatening of innocent people and damages their reputations.
  • It can also result in deaths. For example, the rumours about child-lifters and cattle thieves led to mob attacks and deaths across India. Fake news could lead to mass protests, riots, and a breakdown in law and order.
  • The special reserve forces or the army would have to be brought in to control the situation. Fake news can start wars. It is unreasonable to put the blame on the social media platforms for the fake news menace.
  • Because the platforms such as Facebook, WhatsApp etc. are not generating content, but by the users themselves & cannot hold them responsible.
  • Fake news creators are now using modern technology like Artificial Intelligence to create other forms of fake news. The result is called “Deep Fakes” and it employs audio and video formats, which appear more realistic and convincing.

Conclusion :

The Govt needs to address the consumer end as well and adopt a collaborative way to tackle the menace of fake news. Security requirements should also consider the rights of millions of genuine users. An effective approach to deal with the fake news is to improve digital literacy i.e., the ability to identify real news from fake news. Government, media, and technology should work together to improve the overall digital literacy in India. The state police machinery should be strengthened to catch anyone responsible for spreading fake messages.

Essay on farm bill 2020 pros and cons

Introduction :

The Farmers Bills 2020 is consist of three agricultural bills passed by the central government in September 2020. It includes the Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce Bill, Farmers Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill and Essential Commodities Bill. These Bills will develop a system in which the farmers can sell their crops outside the Mandis. This bill will also encourage intra-state trade and reduce the cost of transportation.

  • This agriculture Bill provides a framework that will create an ecosystem where the farmers will enjoy the freedom of choice of sale and purchase of agricultural produce and promote barrier-free inter and intra-state trade.
  • It will be beneficial for the small and marginal farmers with less than five hectares of land.
  • The bills have faced strong protests from the farmers and opposition parties, saying that it will hurt their earnings but the government mentions that they will make it effortless for farmers to sell their crops directly to large buyers.
  • It will also give the farmers the choice to sell without the help of middlemen will be of great use only if there are climate-controlled storage facilities, the electricity supply should also made reliable and available to power those facilities, and food processing companies who compete to buy their produce.

Conclusion :

The government has promised double farmers’ income by 2022 and the Bills will make the farmer independent of government controlled markets and fetch them a better price for their produce. The government should take the opinions of farmers and also of the states before passing such bills to ensure the betterment of farmers and to eliminate the loopholes in them.

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IB ACIO

How to solve reading comprehension effectively

Learn tips and tricks of Reading Comprehensions for IB ACIO Tier 2 Descriptive Exam :

Reading Comprehension (RC) is an important part of english section of all government exams. When you read and try to understand and extract the meaning for better overall awareness of what you are reading about. By learning and implementing reading strategies, we can improve our reading comprehension abilities and make reading easier, faster and more enjoyable.

What is Reading Comprehension (RC) ?

Reading comprehension is the process of understanding what we are reading. Reading comprehension is one of the pillars of reading. Reading comprehension is the ability to understand exactly what we are reading about. This is an intentional and active part of reading and takes place before, during and after you read something as we try to extract meaning from the text and better realize what the author is trying to convey.

There are two important segments of reading comprehension 1) text comprehension and 2) vocabulary knowledge. Vocabulary knowledge is the ability to understand the language being used and the comprehension is using this language to develop an awareness of what is being said in the passage.

Why Reading Comprehension skills are important in todays life ?

Some people think of the act of reading as a simple task that’s easy to master. But in reality, reading is a complex process that based on many different skills. Here are some essential skills needed for Reading Comprehension and tips on what can help improve this skill very fast.

  • It makes us able to understand, analyze and respond to written communication in the workplace

  • It Improves your ability to write clearly and most effectively

  • The ability to comprehend and engage in current events that are in written form i.e. newspapers, magazines 

  • It helps in increasing ability to focus on reading for Better enjoyment of and motivation

Best strategy to improve your comprehension skills fast :

  • Improving vocabulary
  • Mark the questions and Important Vocabulary in the text you are reading
  • Use context clues and hints
  • Look for the main idea or central theme of the passage
  • Try to make summary of what you have read
  • Break up the reading into smaller sections for fast reading
  • Read the ‘Directions’ carefully – Search for any changes which may be mentioned

Stepwise Strategy for Better Reading Skills :

1st Step : Read the Questions first 

2nd Step : Focus on Keywords mentioned in the questions

Why Knowing Questions –

  • Targeted/ Goal Oriented reading increases Speed
  • You know what to look for in the passage

3rd Step : Start Reading – Search for the sentence with the targeted keywords in the passage

 

Let’s Read the Passage -1  

What is Discipline? Is it absolute freedom to do what a person wants? Is freedom regardless of consequences? Does it mean corrective action after a problem occurs or a wrong is done? Is it imposition? Is it abuse? Does it take away freedom ? The answer is none of the above. Discipline does not mean that a person takes a belt and beats up kids. That is madness. Discipline is loving firmness. It is direction. It is prevention before a problem arises. It is harnessing and channelising energy for great performance. Discipline is not something you do to but you do for those you care about. Discipline is an act of love. Sometimes you have to be unkind to be kind: Not all medicine is sweet, not all surgery is painless, but we have to take it. We need to learn from nature. We are all familiar with that big animal, the–giraffe. A mama giraffe gives birth to a baby giraffe, standing. All of a sudden, the baby falls on a hard surface from the cushion of mama’s womb, and sits on the ground.

The first thing mama does is to get behind the baby and give him a hard kick. The baby gets up, but his legs are weak and Wobbly and the baby falls down. Mama goes behind again and gives him one more kick. The baby gets up but sits down again. Mama keeps kicking till the baby gets on its feet and starts moving. Why? Because mama knows that the only chance of survival for the baby in the jungle is to get on its feet. Otherwise it will be eaten up by wildcats and become dead meat. Children brought up in a loving, disciplined environment end up respecting their parents more and become law–abiding citizens. The reverse is just as true. Good parents are not afraid of momentary dislikes by children to enforce the subject. Allowing a child to eat a box of chocolate could lead to sickness. At the same time, the discipline of eating one or two pieces a day can be an enjoyable experience for a longer time. Our instinct makes us do whatever we want regardless of the consequences. Freedom is not procured by a full enjoyment of what is desired but controlling the desire.

 

1) What is the role played by parents in creating law–abiding citizens ?

Answer –

Good parents inculcate good habits and discipline in their children without worrying for their momentary dislikes. Children brought up in a loving, disciplined environment are expected to respect their parents and become law–abiding citizens.

2) What according to the writer is not discipline ?

Answer –

Discipline is not about giving absolute freedom to someone. It is also not hitting or abusing a child. It cannot be forced either.

3) How can we prevent a problem from Surfacing ?

Answer –

We can prevent a problem from surfacing by taking steps before the problem arises. We have to anticipate and take precautionary steps rather than correcting it after the problem occurs.

4) Why do you think a mama giraffe kicks her baby immediately after birth ?

Answer –

A mama giraffe already knows the reality of the world. It knows that if the baby does not stand up then the wild animals of the forest will eat it up. So it does this for the sake of the child.

5) Suggest a suitable title for the Passage.

Answer –

The role of discipline.

Let’s Read the Passage -2

In 18th-century Germany, Baron Munchausen regales his friends, over drinks, with stories of his many adventures. These include his supposed travel to the moon. Long before Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin stepped out of Apollo 11 onto the surface of the moon 50 years ago, on July 20, 1969, the aspiration to travel to this shiny orb in the sky has fired human imagination. A Flight To The Moon by George Fowler, From The Earth To The Moon – and its sequel, Around The Moon – by Jules Verne, The First Men In The Moon by HG Wells, Prelude To Space by Arthur C Clarke are only a few of the many fictionalised accounts that have, for centuries, reflected this aspiration. In the 1954 Explorers On The Moon, iconic comic book character, Tintin, reaches the moon.

While some writers imagined the moon’s surface to be barren and uninhabited, others have written about it being populated with lunar beings. Even when Apollo 11 mission was being planned and worked on, in 1963, Apollo At Go by Jeff Sutton, presented a realistic fictionalised portrayal of the upcoming landing. The successful landing of Apollo 11 and Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin’s walk on the moon, opened up another exciting possibility – could the common man or non-space-scientist reach for the moon? Literally? What had hitherto been in the realm of speculation was now a reality and we weren’t satisfied with just second-hand information any more. Between 1969 and 1972, the US sent six successful manned missions to the moon, and with each victory, the lunar destination seemed a little closer within the reach of the common man.

1) When did the US send first successful manned trip to the moon?

Answer  : The US sent its first successful manned trip to the moon in 1969. Using Apollo
11 Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin traveled to the surface of the moon and landed on it. The US also sent five other successful manned missions to the moon between 1969 and 1972.

2) Who was the first person to speak of travel to the moon?

Answer  : ‘Baron Munchausen regales his friends….These include his supposed travel to the moon’ this line says that it was Baron Munchausen who first spoke of travel to the moon in the 18th century, well before the actual manned mission.

3) How many fictional books written about travelling to the moon are referred to here?

Answer  : Seven fictional books are referred to about travelling to the moon. They are as follows :- A Flight To The Moon by George Fowler, From The Earth To The Moon – and its sequel, Around The Moon – by Jules Verne, The First Men In The Moon by HG Wells, Prelude To Space by Arthur C Clarke, On The Moon, Apollo At Go by Jeff Sutton.

4) What is the advantages of imagination ?

Answer  : Imagination brings out creativity. It allows exploration beyond any restriction. In this context it is this urge that drove the man to aspire to travel to the shiny orb in the form of fictionalised accounts, which eventually took its shape.

5) Give a suitable title for the passage.

Answer  : According to the passage An Expedition to the moon : Fiction to reality is
the suitable title.

 

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IB ACIO

Essay Writing Book for IB ACIO Tier 2 – Descriptive Book for IB ACIO Tier 2

This book is highly recommended for Essay Writing Book for IB ACIO Tier 2 – Descriptive exam of Intelligence Bureau (IB ACIO) Grade-II/Executive Exam. Descriptive exam of Intelligence Bureau (IB ACIO) Grade-II/Executive Exam for Tier 2 aspirants who want a series of expected topics for Practice must have this book. This book includes 100+ most expected with current topics within Word Limit as per the Exam. You must prepare from it.

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About IB ACIO Exam :

As we all know that in IB ACIO recruitment exam there is just one paper divided into two parts.

Paper I is objective type based wherein Multiple Choice Question (MCQs) are asked from four different sections viz; General Knowledge, Reasoning, Quantitative Aptitude, English. Paper I is of 100 marks, each section will have 25 question of 1 mark each.

Paper II :

Paper II is a descriptive paper in which English writing skill and analytical capability of the candidates are checked. In Paper II, there will be two sub parts in which the first part has essay writing while second part will have a comprehension and Precis writing, you will have to answer the question related to the paragraph and will have to give an appropriate title for the passage in the end.

Coming straight away to Part II of the paper, the total marks of this section is 50. Time allotted for this part will be 60 minutes.

Section Name Maximum marks Time
Essay 30 1 Hour
English Comprehension and Precis Writing 20

 

Full details About – IB ACIO Tier 2 Exam : 

  • Essay – 30 Marks (Within 400 words)
  • Precis – 10 Marks
  • Comprehension – 10 Marks (5 Questions)
  • Total Time : 1 hour
  • Mode of Exam – English

After analysing the present situation and lots of research, we have tried to compile a list of recent topics which can be asked in your Ib Acio Tier 2 Descriptive Exam . Let us have a look at the latest topics you may encounter in your examination paper. These are most expected ACIO essay topics –

Most Important Essay Topics for IB ACIO Tier 2 : 

  • Major Implication of Covid-19 / Changing Social Norms due to Pandemic
  • National Education Policy 2020 – Issues & Challenges
  • Social Media – Good, Bad & Ugly
  • Gender Equality in India
  • Migrant workers & Covid-19
  • Healthcare in India – Issues & Challenges
  • Importance of Healthy Lifestyle / Mental Health
  • Is Nepotism restricted to Bollywood ? What are your Views?
  • Unemployment Vs Underemployment – Which one is more dangerous ?
  • Usage of Artificial Intelligence in Today’s life
  • Man Vs Climate Change
  • Air Pollution of Indian Cities Vs Urbanization
  • Water Crisis in India
  • Will Farm Bills 2020 help double the farmer’s income by 2022 ?
  • Corruption in India
  • How to deal with natural disasters in India?
  • How Safe are girls in India?
  • Role of media in India
  • Rise in crime rate in India

Trends of Topics Asked in IB ACIO Examination :

  • General Topics
  • Current Social Issues
  • Internal Security
  • Climate Change/Global Warming

Important Tips For Writing an impressive Essay : 

  • Choose the Topic you can describe easily
  • Use one or two quotations at proper places
  • Write in short paragraphs
  • Don’t repeat the same things
  • Stick to Word limit
  • Conclude as a whole

How to Prepare essays for better Score :

Choose Easy Topic

Choose the essay topic from the list of topics very carefully. Pick the one you have most information and think you will be able to write well in that topic within time limit.

Outline of the Topic –

Its a good practice to note down the main points before you start writing on the topic you have picked. This way you will not forget some important points while writing the essay and it would at later stage save a lot of time and efforts.

Focus on Word limit –

In essay writing word limit plays an important role in your final selection so you have to stick to the word limit and keep a tab on time too.

Impactful introduction –

Introduction is the initial part of an essay and it must be very impressive and attention grabbing so you have to ensure that you introduce the topic precisely. Make sure it is crisp and introduces the topic in the best possible way to grab the attention of the examiner.

Use quotations –

Quotations increase the beauty of the essay. Do not sway away from the topic just be straight forward. Since you want the examiner to be glued to your essay, it will be good if you write some quotation, give statistics at appropriate places in the essay.

Keep it short –

Try to avoid writing your essay in long paragraphs, instead break them into shorter paragraphs. This way your reader won’t find it boring and monotonous. Try keeping as many as five to eight paragraphs in your essay. It is the classic format for essay writing that will look impressive and beautiful.

Don’t repeat –

Generally it is seen that most of the aspirants repeat the same points in the essay multiple times it impact negatively and the reader of the essay thinks that your essay have nothing important. Hence, make sure that you do not repeat the same thing again and again.

Conclude –

Conclusion is a crutial part of the essay. Always give conclusion, depending on what you have written in the main body. It is as important as your introductory part. Some times conclusion makes the whole essay totally fantastic.

Check for spelling and grammatical mistakes –

Always proofread once you are done with your essay. Check for spelling and grammatical mistakes as it may have bad impression in the examiners mind and can cause loss of marks.

Hoping that these easy tips will help you score good marks in your IB ACIO recruitment exam. You will give your best and get the best !

 

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Important Tips to prepare for Descriptive Paper in IB ACIO Tier 2 Exam

Descriptive writing can be the game-changer in IB ACIO Tier 2 Descriptive. Those candidates who have a good hold on the writing skills or on the English language section can surely do wonders in this test section.
But we can also not deny the fact that your thoughts along with your writing skills will be tested accordingly. You will have to impress the examiner  with your thoughts and writing skills. Your writing must be short as per the word limit prescribed in the exam. It should be crisp and informative too.

Also give a thought to the words you are going to write in the examination. Make sure your words and message you are trying to the convey is crystal clear and legible to the reader or examiner. Don’t try to write out of the box and try to be specific and choosy while making use of any difficult word or expression.

How to prepare Essay Writing for IB ACIO Tier 2 Descriptive Exam ?

1) Essay Writing is nothing but how well you present your thoughts and ideas on a particular topic in a well-structured and good looking manner.

2) It requires imagination and good writing skills for writing an essay. Both these skills are essential as both these factors together will help you present a good essay in the best manner.

3) Gathering of thoughts on a particular topic will not help you if you are not able to present them effectively and efficienty.

4) Likewise, just good writing skills are no good if you are not able to think of innovative and relevant points for the given descriptive topic. Check out some important tips below to score well in the essay writing section of Descriptive Exam

Build a daily Reading Habit

Read any English Newspaper daily –

Reading the newspaper will not only strengthen your general knowledge but will give you ideas to be more specific and informative about the topic you asked.

Try to Grasp writing skills used in that Newspaper

** Start practicing by writing in small paragraphs Practice writing in essay or precis in your own words.
** Set a limit of words for yourself and write the essay within that word limit.

Use of Dictionary to look up the difficult words

** Note down Important Vocabulary
** Make use of the dictionary to check new words, its usage and meaning and also note down in your notebook separately.
** Always try 3-4 sentence making with the new word so that you do not forget to use the same in your exams as per the requirement.

Try writing at least one or two essays on daily basis

** You just need to pick at least one topic daily from the current news and Start practicing by writing in small paragraphs

** Try to write about the topic in your own words within the limit prescribed in your exam.
After writing the Essay, you can look for more essays on the topic you have chosen for yourself to get more ideas on the same and note down the important key points.

Tips to prepare Precis Writing for IB ACIO Tier 2 Descriptive Exam

What is Precis Writing?

Precis writing is nothing but summarising a given passage in limited words, covering all the important aspects and details of the passage given.

“Precis denotes a brief, concise, clear and well connected abstract, summary of a given passage”.  Ability to produce a satisfactory precis is very important for many purposes in practical life. Government Officials & Businessman have no time to go through long and unnecessary details; thus a precis is a good tool for saving their valuable time.

So it is necessary for the officials working as secretary or as private secretary to have expertise in the art of precis writing. The candidates are required to write a precis of a given composition. Thus, the art of writing precis helps one to secure good marks in the examinations.

ESSENTIAL OF A GOOD PRECIS

One must keep the following points in mind while writing a precis

****Conciseness****

It is the soul of a good precis. The precis must not exceed onethird of the length of original passage.

****Completeness*****

Precis must give a complete idea of the passage. The main idea of the original passage should be presented in the same order in precis writing.

*****Clarity*****

A precis should be clear and lucid, free from any ambiguity or obscurity. In an attempt to shorten the passage, you must take care that the sentences constructed by you are free from any error, like improper use of words.

*****Grammatical Accuracy*****

A precis must be free from grammatical errors, spelling and punctuation errors etc.

**One-third of total paragraph
**Own words
**Clarity
**Complete
**Avoid mistakes
**Single Paragraph
**Rules for Good Precis Writing

For avoiding errors in writing a precis, follow a set of rules as given below

***Read the passage carefully
***Decide Theme of the Passage
***Brevity and Clarity
***Use Own Language
***Accuracy of the Language
***Avoid Direct Speech and Use Indirect Speech

Do’s and Don’ts

***Start with basic idea
***Include all the important keywords
***Use easy vocabulary
***Do not make assumptions
***Avoid using abbreviations
***Title can be underlined
***Use Statistical data
***Proper Tense usage

How to write Good Precis

There are many important components which make a good precis. For those who have just started their preparation for the upcoming exams, knowing the features of a good precis is extremely useful.

***Should be a summary of the original paragraph
***Covering all important keywords from the original paragraph
***The details in the precis must match in that of paragraph
***Use of linking words such as and, because, therefore, etc.
***Should be precise and clear
***Should be in your own words
***Must be logically connected
***Should have an appropriate title
***Don’t use any idiom of your own

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IB ACIO

Ib Acio Tier 2 Expected Essay Topics – Strategy & Pattern

IB ACIO Tier 2 Exam Pattern :

Section Name Maximum marks Time
Essay 30

1 Hour

English Comprehension and Precis Writing 20

Full details About – IB ACIO Tier 2 Exam : 

  • Essay – 30 Marks (Within 400 words)
  • Precis – 10 Marks
  • Comprehension – 10 Marks (5 Questions)
  • Total Time : 1 hour
  • Mode of Exam – English

Important Tips For Essay Writing : 

  • Choose the Topic you can describe easily
  • Use one or two quotations at proper places
  • Write in short paragraphs
  • Don’t repeat the same things
  • Stick to Word limit
  • Conclude as a whole

Essay Introduction : 

Introduce the topic precisely to grab attention of the reader

Dialogue, Quote, Summary in simple language of the topic

Essay Body : 

Describe in your topic –

  • Main Idea
  • Supportive Sentences
  • Pros & Cons
  • Challenges
  • Avoid biased Opinion

Essay Conclution : 

  • Sums up your overall idea
  • Provide final perspective
  • Try to be optimistic
  • Give Suggestions & Solutions

Trends of Topics Asked in IB ACIO Examination :

  • General Topics
  • Current Social Issues
  • Internal Security
  • Climate Change/Global Warming

Most Expected Essay Topics for IB ACIO Tier 2 : 

  • Major Implication of Covid-19 / Changing Social Norms due to Pandemic
  • National Education Policy 2020 – Issues & Challenges
  • Social Media – Good, Bad & Ugly
  • Gender Equality in India
  • Migrant workers & Covid-19
  • Healthcare in India – Issues & Challenges
  • Importance of Healthy Lifestyle / Mental Health
  • Is Nepotism restricted to Bollywood ? What are your Views?
  • Unemployment Vs Underemployment – Which one is more dangerous ?
  • Usage of Artificial Intelligence in Today’s life
  • Man Vs Climate Change
  • Air Pollution of Indian Cities Vs Urbanization
  • Water Crisis in India
  • Will Farm Bills 2020 help double the farmer’s income by 2022 ?
  • Corruption in India
  • How to deal with natural disasters in India?
  • How Safe are girls in India?
  • Role of media in India
  • Rise in crime rate in India

 

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Watch Video

Important Tips to prepare for Descriptive Paper in IB ACIO Tier 2 Exam

Descriptive writing can be the game-changer in IB ACIO Tier 2 Descriptive. Those candidates who have a good hold on the writing skills or on the English language section can surely do wonders in this test section.
But we can also not deny the fact that your thoughts along with your writing skills will be tested accordingly. You will have to impress the examiner  with your thoughts and writing skills. Your writing must be short as per the word limit prescribed in the exam. It should be crisp and informative too.

Also give a thought to the words you are going to write in the examination. Make sure your words and message you are trying to the convey is crystal clear and legible to the reader or examiner. Don’t try to write out of the box and try to be specific and choosy while making use of any difficult word or expression.

How to prepare Essay Writing for IB ACIO Tier 2 Descriptive Exam ?

1) Essay Writing is nothing but how well you present your thoughts and ideas on a particular topic in a well-structured and good looking manner.

2) It requires imagination and good writing skills for writing an essay. Both these skills are essential as both these factors together will help you present a good essay in the best manner.

3) Gathering of thoughts on a particular topic will not help you if you are not able to present them effectively and efficienty.

4) Likewise, just good writing skills are no good if you are not able to think of innovative and relevant points for the given descriptive topic. Check out some important tips below to score well in the essay writing section of Descriptive Exam

Build a daily Reading Habit

Read any English Newspaper daily –

Reading the newspaper will not only strengthen your general knowledge but will give you ideas to be more specific and informative about the topic you asked.

Try to Grasp writing skills used in that Newspaper

** Start practicing by writing in small paragraphs Practice writing in essay or precis in your own words.
** Set a limit of words for yourself and write the essay within that word limit.

Use of Dictionary to look up the difficult words

** Note down Important Vocabulary
** Make use of the dictionary to check new words, its usage and meaning and also note down in your notebook separately.
** Always try 3-4 sentence making with the new word so that you do not forget to use the same in your exams as per the requirement.

Try writing at least one or two essays on daily basis

** You just need to pick at least one topic daily from the current news and Start practicing by writing in small paragraphs

** Try to write about the topic in your own words within the limit prescribed in your exam.
After writing the Essay, you can look for more essays on the topic you have chosen for yourself to get more ideas on the same and note down the important key points.

Tips to prepare Precis Writing for IB ACIO Tier 2 Descriptive Exam

What is Precis Writing?

Precis writing is nothing but summarising a given passage in limited words, covering all the important aspects and details of the passage given.

“Precis denotes a brief, concise, clear and well connected abstract, summary of a given passage”.  Ability to produce a satisfactory precis is very important for many purposes in practical life. Government Officials & Businessman have no time to go through long and unnecessary details; thus a precis is a good tool for saving their valuable time.

So it is necessary for the officials working as secretary or as private secretary to have expertise in the art of precis writing. The candidates are required to write a precis of a given composition. Thus, the art of writing precis helps one to secure good marks in the examinations.

ESSENTIAL OF A GOOD PRECIS

One must keep the following points in mind while writing a precis

****Conciseness****

It is the soul of a good precis. The precis must not exceed onethird of the length of original passage.

****Completeness*****

Precis must give a complete idea of the passage. The main idea of the original passage should be presented in the same order in precis writing.

*****Clarity*****

A precis should be clear and lucid, free from any ambiguity or obscurity. In an attempt to shorten the passage, you must take care that the sentences constructed by you are free from any error, like improper use of words.

*****Grammatical Accuracy*****

A precis must be free from grammatical errors, spelling and punctuation errors etc.

**One-third of total paragraph
**Own words
**Clarity
**Complete
**Avoid mistakes
**Single Paragraph
**Rules for Good Precis Writing

For avoiding errors in writing a precis, follow a set of rules as given below

***Read the passage carefully
***Decide Theme of the Passage
***Brevity and Clarity
***Use Own Language
***Accuracy of the Language
***Avoid Direct Speech and Use Indirect Speech

Do’s and Don’ts

***Start with basic idea
***Include all the important keywords
***Use easy vocabulary
***Do not make assumptions
***Avoid using abbreviations
***Title can be underlined
***Use Statistical data
***Proper Tense usage

How to write Good Precis

There are many important components which make a good precis. For those who have just started their preparation for the upcoming exams, knowing the features of a good precis is extremely useful.

***Should be a summary of the original paragraph
***Covering all important keywords from the original paragraph
***The details in the precis must match in that of paragraph
***Use of linking words such as and, because, therefore, etc.
***Should be precise and clear
***Should be in your own words
***Must be logically connected
***Should have an appropriate title
***Don’t use any idiom of your own

Precis Writing (Example -1)

In today’s scenario, Mass media, specifically visual media, plays a pivotal role in creating an atmosphere of awareness in society. Media refers to different communication channels or ways through which knowledge and information is conveyed to the viewers or the readers. Visual media refers to the media that conveys knowledge and information to the viewers through their eyes; it includes television, cinema, posters etc. Whatever, is supplied through the visual media has instant and longer lasting effect on the minds of the viewers.

With rapid development of information and technology, the visual media, in the shape of cable TV, with multitudes of domestic and foreign channels has reached almost every house, playing a vital role in moulding public opinion in various ways. It plays a very crucial role in educating, and entertaining the masses. Cable TV has changed the means and modes of entertainment and education.

Sitting before a TV, one can pass and enjoy his free time listening to music, viewing movies, learning techniques of body building, hearing sermons of religious saints, learning about lives of wild animals, birds, water creatures, knowing about space and what not.

During the election period, one can know the electoral positions of political parties and their leaders, from all parts of the country and its impact on the election campaign and all facts of electioneering, just sitting before the TV.

Youngsters and teenage students are seen viewing the channels as per their likings; if some are viewing the music channels some are seen quenching their thirst for knowledge viewing channels like ‘Discovery’ or ‘National Geography’ or ‘History’ etc. The image on the small screen thus has a significant impression on all, more particularly on the gullible children and on the teens. The young mind takes the reel as real and thus is more often and more easily moulded and motivated by the visual media.

The present day fashion, hair dressing, sexual liberties, dating and awakening towards the right of youth, awareness among the women of their rights are because of the role visual media is playing in society. In a hysterical effort to excel others, some channels are showing such scenes and images which are of no importance or have an adverse effect on the minds of viewers.

Showing of sexual and rape cases, with minute details by the anchor and showing brutal scenes of murder, the channels have crossed the limit of ethics and morality. The TV coverage of massacre, creates feeling of hatred among communities and motivates others to wreak vengeance. Obsessed by the sole aim of making a fast buck the channels are competing with one another to stoop to any kind of absurdity, without considering even for a minute as to what effect such visuals have on society.  (460 Words)

Title:  Visual media Vs Indian Society

 

Precis :

Visual media plays an important role in creating awareness in society as it has a prolonged effect on the viewers. Advancement in technology has enabled visual media to penetrate in every house, so it can easily moulds public opinion. Cable TV has significantly affected the lifestyle of people. Methods of entertainment and passing leisure time have changed. During elections, one can know the latest status through TV. Youngsters and teenagers watch different channels as per their choices. They seem to be easily influenced by visual media. The present awareness towards fashion, sexual liberties, rights of youth and women are the result of the impact of visual media on society. Owing to unhealthy competition, TV channels are showing indecent and instigating scenes and programmes causing hatred and violence among the people, just for popularity and making money. They have no regard for ethics and morality and the effect of such visuals.

(150 words)

 

Precis Writing (Example-2)

When we survey our lives and efforts we soon observe that almost the whole of our actions and desires are bound up with the existence of other human beings. We notice that whole nature resembles that of the social animals. We eat food that others have produced, wear clothes that others have made, live in house knowledge and beliefs has been passed on to us by other people though the medium of a language which others have created. Without language and mental capacities, we would have been poor indeed comparable to higher animals.

We have, therefore, to admit that we owe our principal knowledge over the least to the fact of living in human society. The individual if left alone from birth would remain primitive and beast like in his thoughts and feelings to a degree that we can hardly imagine. The individual is what he is and has the significance that he has, not much in virtue of the individuality, but rather as a member of a great human community, which directs his material and spiritual existence from the cradle to grave.   (183 words)

Title:   Human being: A social animal

Precis :

Being a social animal, we are bound up with our actions and desires with others. Our food, clothes, residents and beliefs are interconnected. Without the use of languages created by others, we would have been mere an animal. If we had not been a social animal, we would have been primitive and beast like in thoughts and feelings. Thus, society plays a significant role in a person’s life.   (68 words)

Precis Writing (Example-3)

Truly Imagination and untiring enthusiastic efforts of generations build a Nation. One generation transfers the fruits of its hard work and toil to another, which then takes forward the mission the next level. As the coming generation also has its dreams and aspirations for the nation’s future, it therefore adds something from its side to the national vision which the next generation strives hard to achieve. This process goes on and the nation climbs steps of glory and gains higher strength. Any organization, society, or even a nation without a vision is like a ship cruising on the high seas without any aim or direction.

It is the clarity of national vision which constantly drives the people towards the goal. Our last generation, the glorious generation of freedom fighters led by Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, Baba Sahab Ambedkar and many others, set for the nation a vision of free India. This was the first vision set by the people for the nation.

It therefore went deep into the minds and hearts of the masses and soon became the great inspiring and driving force for the people to collectively plunge into the struggle for freedom. The unified dedicated efforts of the people from every walk of life won freedom for the country. The next generation has put India strongly on the path of economic, agricultural and technological development. But India has stood too long in the line of developing nations. Let us, collectively, set the national vision of developed India.

It means the major transformation of our national economy to make it one of the largest economies in the world; where the countrymen live well above the poverty line, their education and health is of a high standard, national security is reasonably assured and the core competence in certain major areas gets enhanced significantly so that the production of quality goods, including exports, rises and brings all-round prosperity for the people. (320 words)

Title: Building a Truly Developed India

Precis :

Building a nation really takes a long time because successive generations add their own desires and dreams to the nation’s future. They also need to try to fulfil the previous generation’s aspirations. This cycle repeats with successive generations. A clear goal or vision is required to progress satisfactorily in this direction. The generation of our freedom fighters had a popular vision for a free India, thus inspiring the freedom struggle. The next generation has worked on developing India’s economy, agriculture and technology. We should aspire for a developed India with a prosperous economy in which people are educated, healthy, skilled, prosperous and fully secured. (104 Words)

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Essay on covid 19 vaccine in english | Covid 19 vaccine essay in english

Covid 19 vaccine essay in english :

Introduction :

The Government of India has approved the Covid-19 vaccines developed by Astra-Zeneca and Bharat Biotech named Covishield and Covaxin respectively. Seeing this our PM Modi has launched the COVID-19 vaccination drive on 16th January, 2021 which can save millions of lives every year. This is the world’s largest vaccination program covering the entire country. During the launch of this drive a total of 3006 sites in all States and UTs have been virtually connected.

  • Although India don’t need to vaccinate its entire population, it just have to vaccinate at least 30 to 40% of the people.
  • It is estimated that a minimum of 1 billion doses of Covid-19 vaccines will be required for full immunization.
  • The vaccine has introduced in phrased manner. In first phrase, the vaccine is provided to healthcare workers like doctors, nurses and other medical staff both in government and private sectors.
  • Because they treat and are in close contact with those who are infected with Covid-19. Then it will be provided to police, armed forces, municipal workers and other departmental staffs.
  • In third phase, people above 50 years of age and those patient who have diabetes, hypertension and organ transplant will get the vaccine. After that, the vaccine will be given to healthy adults, teenagers and children.

Conclusion :

The central government is incurring the cost for vaccinating the core healthcare and frontier workers. For further vaccination process, the government has also developed an application named CoWIN, which will help provide real time information of vaccine stocks, storage and individualized tracking of beneficiaries for COVID-19 vaccine. The Vaccination for Covid-19 is voluntary in India. It is a safe and effective way of protecting people against this disease. Vaccines reduce risks of getting diseases by working with our body’s immune system.

 

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COVID- 19 : Changing Social Norms in India :

Introduction :

The world is facing the biggest crisis in the form of coronavirus pandemic. Almost every country has been affected by the COVID-19. Over 115 million people had been affected by COVID-19 and about 2.54 million people had died worldwide.  And indirectly billions of people have been suffering from the impact of this pandemic. As vaccines are being available now but still, the emphasis is on taking extensive precautions such as regularly washing of hands, social distancing and wearing of masks.

  • India has successfully controlled the transmission of COVID-19 by its well coordinated efforts.
  • India’s progress in pharmaceuticals and mass public awareness with the help of digital systems indeed helped in controlling the spread of this disease.
  • There are still many ways by which the COVID-19 can affect our economy, of which the disruption of supply chains is the major challenge.
  • Job loss is on the rise along with the slowdown in manufacturing and services activities in India.  
  • Millions of agricultural workers, regularly facing high levels of uncertainty, poverty, malnutrition and poor health, and suffer from a lack of safety and labour protection.
  • With low and irregular incomes and lack of social support, many of them are forced to continue working, often in unsafe conditions.
  • Further, when experiencing income losses, they may resort to negative coping strategies, such as distress sale of assets, taking loans or child labour. The lockdown has also impacted migrant workers in many ways.
  • Several of whom lost their jobs due to shutting of industries and were outside their native places wanting to get back.
  • Since then, the government has announced relief measures for them, and made arrangements like running special trains and buses to help them to return to their native places.
  • At the same time, many countries undertake new reforms to strengthen the digital economy and e-commerce not only to manage the Covid-19 pandemic but also to facilitate trade & commence.

Conclusion :

COVID-19 crisis also opens the doors of opportunities in India as we witness better healthcare both in management and facilities. New social norms have been introduced like social distancing, wearing masks, maintaining hygiene for protecting us against the Covid-19. People who are ill with Covid-19 need doses of new vaccine, which save their lives and speed up recovery. Healthcare professional should be appreciated as instead of a lot of difficulties they do their best to maintain the quality of healthcare services.

 

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Farm bill 2020 essay in english | farmers bill 2020 essay in english

Essay on farm bill 2020 in english 

Introduction :

The Farmers Bills 2020 is consist of three agricultural bills passed by the central government in September 2020. It includes the Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce Bill, Farmers Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill and Essential Commodities Bill. These Bills will develop a system in which the farmers can sell their crops outside the Mandis. This bill will also encourage intra-state trade and reduce the cost of transportation.

  • This agriculture Bill provides a framework that will create an ecosystem where the farmers will enjoy the freedom of choice of sale and purchase of agricultural produce and promote barrier-free inter and intra-state trade.
  • It will be beneficial for the small and marginal farmers with less than five hectares of land.
  • The bills have faced strong protests from the farmers and opposition parties, saying that it will hurt their earnings but the government mentions that they will make it effortless for farmers to sell their crops directly to large buyers.
  • It will also give the farmers the choice to sell without the help of middlemen will be of great use only if there are climate-controlled storage facilities, the electricity supply should also made reliable and available to power those facilities, and food processing companies who compete to buy their produce.

Conclusion :

The government has promised double farmers’ income by 2022 and the Bills will make the farmer independent of government controlled markets and fetch them a better price for their produce. The government should take the opinions of farmers and also of the states before passing such bills to ensure the betterment of farmers and to eliminate the loopholes in them.

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