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Essay on Crime Against Women In India & Its Challenges

Essay on Crime Against Women In India & Its Challenges

Introduction :

“You can tell the condition of a nation by looking at the status of its women.” This quote is given by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru which shows that the status of women depicts the social, economic and mental condition of a nation. Crime against women in India is refers to physical, emotional or sexual crime committed against women. It can be in form of domestic violence, sexual assault, acid throwing, child marriage and murder. The main reason behind it is gender inequality present in our patriarchal society. 

  • According to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report 2020, there were 4 lakh cases recorded against women and even more have unreported that really makes our country India one of the most dangerous country for women.
  • In these more than 30% cases were of domestic violence. In the lockdown phase due to covid-19, there was an upsurge in cases of domestic violence that’s why the National Commission for Women (NCW) had to launch WhatsApp number to report these cases.
  • Women are continuously facing and suffering from many threats ranging from molestation, sexual abuse, harassment at workplace, domestic violence, gang rape, eve teasing, cyber bulling, acid attack, marital rape, dowry system to honour killings.
  • These are visible offences against women and covid-19 makes the condition even worse. India also degraded at 140th rank in Global Gender Gap Report 2021 produced by world economic forum.
  • Metropolitans are infamous for heinous rapes like Nirbhaya case of Delhi. For checking such crimes, pilot projects for ‘Safe City Program’ is launched by the government.
  • There is one death every hour due to domestic violence for dowry. To check this, government came up with Dowry prohibition Act 1961 and domestic violence prevention Act 2005.
  • In the aftermath of ‘Kathua Rape Case’ government came up with ‘Protection of Children Against Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act 2012 which aims to provide protection to children against sexual abuse.
  • There should be more strict laws for protecting women, fast track courts also be there for crime against women, training centres should be opened for self defence.

Capital punishment should be mandatory for heinous crimes like rape, acid attack, sexual assault etc. The cases like Kathua kand and Nirbhaya gang rape put a question mark on women’s rights to live with dignity. Social revolution is the need of the hour to root out this menace from our society and we should give respect and recognition to women. This can be done by educating boys & girls and promoting gender equality in our country.

Short Essay on Women’s Safety in India

Introduction :

Women safety in India is a big concern which has been a most important topic regarding women safety. India is a most famous country all over the world for its great tradition and culture where women are given most respected place. Women are given the place of Goddess Lakshmi in the Indian society. Indian women are found working in all fields like aeronautics, space, politics, banks, schools, sports, businesses, army, police, and many more however we also cannot ignore the negative aspect of women position in India.

  • Every day and every minute some women are getting harassed, molested, assaulted, and violated at various places all over the country. 
  • There is a big list of crimes against women in India such as acid attack, domestic violence, child abuse, dowry deaths, honor killings, rape, sexual harassment, forced prostitution, and many more.
  • In order to improve the condition regarding women safety in India self-defense techniques are the first and foremost thing to which each and every woman must be aware of for their safety.
  • They must have all the emergency numbers with them so that they can immediately contact to their family members and police.
  • There is a list of safety laws for women from all type of crimes against women but the number and frequency of crimes against women are increasing day by day. 

Conclusion :

We should not blame the government because women safety is not only the responsibility of government only, it is the responsibility of every citizen. There is an urgent need to understand and solve this problem of women safety so that they can also grow equally like men in their own country.

Long Essay on Women’s Safety in India

Introduction :

Women safety in India has now become one of the major issues in India. The crime rate in India is constantly increasing. Women are neither safe outside nor at their own home. Women travellers from other part of the world are also in a dubious state while thinking about coming to India. There are many laws but there should be proper safety measures which we have to follow strictly to protect the women from any kind of violence in India.

  • Women’s are facing many dire issues due to violence and discrimination and also this kept them away from being a part of any social activity.
  • In India, the crimes against women and violence is on the hike due to the fact that Durga, Sati, Sabitri are worshipped by the people treating them as the goddess in India.
  • In these days Women showed their talent in every field ranging from the taxi driver to the CEO of multinational companies. People must give up the idea that women can’t do anything by going out of the house.
  • They should accept the fact that she has set foot on the moon i.e. Kalpana Chawala, the first Indian woman astronaut stepping on the moon, became a role model for not only women around the world. She became an inspiration in front of the whole world.
  • Women safety is a very important issue in India and a lot of organizations started working on it after Nirbhaya’s case. Women should adopt some self-defence tips and tricks so that it proves helpful during the worst and trying situations for them.
  • There are lots of videos and information about such defensive techniques are available online plateforms for educating about the safety of women.
  • Primary tip for women is if it seems unsafe it’s better to get out of that place immediately and call the family members or cops as soon as possible. 

Conclusion :

In today’s senario, violence is widely seen in public transports, so she should try to avoid travelling with public transports at night, and if it’s not possible then make sure you travel with enough crowd. If she is driving alone, she should not give a lift to strangers, because we are not sure about their intentions. Using a smartphone wisely can provide a help in emergencies. There is plenty of handy equipment available in the market which will provide assistance at the time of emergencies. Keeping such equipment, sprays, small blades in the purse can be useful if things go wrong. Precautions are always better than cure this is the right statement in this regard.

Women’s Safety in India Vs Women Empowerment – Necessity of present Time

Introduction :

Women Empowerment refers to the creation of an environment for women where they can make decisions of their own for their personal benefits as well as for the society. A lot is being heard these days on the need for the empowerment of women.  With regards to current scenario the question arises that “Are women become really strong?” Many programs have been implemented and run by the government such as international Women’s Day, Mother’s Day etc. in order to bring awareness in the society about the true rights and value of the women in the development of the nation.

  • There is a high level of gender inequality in India where women are ill-treated by their family members and outsiders. The percentage of literate population in India is around 74% in which 65% is covered by women.
  • The real meaning of the women empowerment is to make them well educated and leave them free so that they can be capable of taking their own decisions in any field.
  • In modern India, women have held high offices including that of the President, Prime Minister, Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Leader of the Opposition, Union Ministers, Chief Ministers and Governors.
  • Women in India now participate fully in areas such as education, sports, politics, media, art and culture, service sectors, science and technology, etc.
  • Women’s empowerment is the most crucial point for the overall development of a country. Suppose, in a family, there is one earning person, while in another family, both men and women are earning, then who will have a better lifestyle.
  • The answer is simple, the family where both men and women are earning money. Thus, the country where men and women work together develops at a faster rate.
  • Crime against women such as rape, acid throwing, dowry killings, honor killings, and the forced prostitution of young girls has been reported in India.
  • India needs to take some advance steps to improve the women’s position in the society through the proper health, higher education, and economic participation.
  • Women can be empowered in various ways. It can be done through government schemes as well as on an individual basis.

Conclusion :

At the individual level, we should start respecting women and start giving them opportunities equal to men. We should promote and encourage them for jobs, higher education, business activities, etc. The Government has come up with various schemes such as Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana, Mahila-E-Haat, Mahila Shakti Kendra, Working Women Hostel, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana, etc.; to empower women. Apart from these schemes, we as individuals can also empower women by abolishing social evils like the dowry system, child marriage. These small steps will change the situation of women in society and make them feel empowered.

Women’s Safety in India Vs Beti Bachao Beti Padhao – Empowering girl childs in India

Introduction :

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao is a social campaign of the Government of India that aims to generate awareness and improve the position for girls. This program was launched to make some positive changes in the Indian society in status of girl child.  BBBP scheme was launched on 22 January 2015 by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi. There are many restrictions for the girl child in the Indian society which hinders the proper growth and development of the girl child.

  • It aims to address the issue of the declining child sex ratio. This scheme hinders the practice of female foeticide, girl child insecurity, sex discrimination etc against girl child.
  • Parents think that only boys are their property as they have to look after them in the old age however girls have to go another place to care her in-laws.
  • Such thinking of the people about girl is really embarrassing and need to be eradicated from the people’s mind for giving the full rights of girl child from birth.
  • The condition of girl child was much worse in the last decades as female foeticide was getting practiced to a great extent. This practice was continued to reduce the number of girl child as well as avoid the responsibility of a girl child.
  • Olympics 2016 bronze medallist Sakshi Malik was made brand ambassador for BBBP to bring awareness in the country about the actual position of the girl child.
  • BBBP scheme aims at making girls independent, both monetarily and socially. The government also wishes to improve the efficiency of delivery of welfare services meant for women. 
  • The impact of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme is visible from its launch date. However, the sex ratio has reportedly crossed up to 950 females per 1000 males.

Conclusion :

A large number of women are now free to join fields and careers of their own choices. These careers ranging from armed forces, science, journalism, sports, wrestling, engineering among others. The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao mission aimed to bring three significant impacts- The achievement of the education access to the girl child, balance of the male-female ratio, and then to highlight the focus of the child rights. The government is continually stressing on quality education for girls and encouraging parents to send their girl child to school.

Women’s Safety in India Vs Women Entrepreneurs in India

Introduction :

Women constitute around half of the total world population. So is in India also. They are regarded as the better half of the society. In traditional societies, they were confined to the four walls of houses performing household activities. In modem societies, they have come out of the four walls to participate in all sorts of activities.

  • Women have been performing exceedingly well in different spheres of activities like academics, politics, administration, social work and so on. 
  • The person who has an idea, and who executes this idea and makes sure that it functions smoothly is called an entrepreneur. Entrepreneurs can also helm a business and make sure it runs smoothly.
  • Some of the most famous women entrepreneurs in India are Chanda Kocchar, (MD and CEO, ICICI Bank), Simone Tata (Chairperson, Trent Limited), Neelam Dhawan (MD, HP-India), and Kiran Mazumdar (Chairman and MD, Biocon).
  • The rapid strides that these women have taken over the past few decades have shown us the calibre that all women inherently possess. Indian women are coming out from the daily routine of their lives inside the doors of their houses.

Conclusion :

Multitasking women all over the country balance their work, home and family perfectly. Family members too are helping out and supporting women to achieve successful careers. If all women decide to explore themselves and not limit their lives to certain jobs, then each one of them can become a successful entrepreneur, working by their own rules and contently living their own life. Indian women can achieve this dream and in the coming decades women will do brilliantly in all domains of human lives.

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Essays

Essay on Right to Privacy in India

Essay on Right to Privacy in India

Introduction :

The needs of human beings start from the most primary needs such as food, clothing and shelter to secondary needs such as education, work and recreation and further on to wants such as entertainment, good food, leisure travel, etc. The question that must be asked is where does privacy fit into all these needs and wants? A basic degree of privacy is a primary need in any civilized society. As the degree of privacy increases, it evolves into a secondary need and further to a want. Right to Privacy refers to respecting and ensuring the privacy of the individual.

  • The Supreme Court has cut straight to the heart of the issue in the Aadhaar petitions. On behalf of all Indian citizens, it asks the current government to address the most basic questions in a democracy governed by the law.
  • what are the privacy rights of its citizens and are they protected equally, with the same justice for the rich and the poor alike?
  • The right to privacy suggests that it is completely the choice of an individual that which parts of his life he chooses to disclose to the society.
  • Nobody has the right to interfere in someone’s life without his permission. Every individual has his private family and professional life and only he has the sole right to disclose it to others.
  • Technological developments have greatly impacted the privacy of the people. Security and anti-terrorism are the hot topics for global governments that consider the privacy of individuals as a hindrance in their missions to fight terrorism.
  • As a result, intelligence services are granted full rights to breach the security and privacy of the people thus ultimately prying into the life of people.
  • Aadhar initiative requires collection of personal data from residents of India, and this has resulted in controversy regarding its potential to be missed.
  • This is so because it requires collection of biometric details like iris scanning and finger prints which are essentially crucial details and could be misused.
  • Cyber space is a vulnerable space and is prone to threat & cyber security architecture is also not very strong in India. However, Aadhar in itself is a well-intentioned program so as to plug leakages and ensure financial inclusion.

Conclusion :

This will lead to better targeting of subsidies. With the use of the internet, in this age, social networks such as Facebook and Twitter are driving new forms of social interaction and the availability has raised privacy concerns. Towards this the government must strengthen cyber security system and assure by means of legislation that private details would be maintained private against violation of right to privacy.

Essay on Right to Privacy Vs WhatsApp New Privacy Policy

Introduction :

Social media is a boon for human civilization because it has brought the whole world together at one place where individuals can share their views and ideas and such interactions are beneficial for the people as it helps in increasing social skills. In today’s world, technology has made our life easier because with the help of technology we can learn new things and meet new people all over the world.

  • WhatsApp is one of the most important social applications which plays a major role in our daily life. WhatsApp is facing a lot of criticism for its new privacy policy which says that it may share information of any of its users with Facebook and its partner companies. 
  • Since then there has been a huge rise in the dounloads of its alternative apps including Signal. In response to global criticism, WhatsApp head Will Cathcart explained , with end-to-end encryption, they cannot see the users private chats or calls and neither can Facebook.
  • WhatsApp has also given users time till 8th of February 2021  to accept the new terms and conditions. WhatsApp says it is collecting new information from users device such as Battery level, app version, browser information, mobile network, IP address and phone number etc.
  • It also declares that the data in some cases can be transferred to the USA or other parts where Facebook’s affiliate companies are based.
  • This new update has increased a lot of concern over the privacy of the people that use this application.

Conclusion :

Privacy experts have also criticised this new privacy policy. Indian users are more vulnerable as there is no any data protection law in India. If India had a data protection law, WhatsApp would not have been able to launch this new policy update. The government should also initiate some digital awareness programs to make the public aware of the importance of digital privacy in India.

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Essay on Water crisis in india

Essay on Water crisis in India

Introduction :

India has many social problems and frequent water crisis in many States is one of them. Food and drinking water are quite essential for comfortable living. India suffers from water shortage for cultivation and drinking despite the fact that many big rivers, flow through some parts of India. In the south there are the Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, Perilya. In the north there are Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus, Mahanadi and other rivers. Much of the water goes to the sea unused.

  • When summer is quite severe a large reservoir of water shrinks to a pool. Both human beings and animals suffer for want of water.
  • If it rains it rains and rains and there is a flood. Houses built of thatch are submerged in the water. The cultivated crops under deep water rot and perish.
  • When there is inadequate yield of crops there is famine. Rice, wheat, and sugar cane are scarce. In fact there is scarcity of every type of grain. There are two extremes in India. The nation goes without water or there is heavy rain resulting in flood.
  • Nearly 40 per cent of water demand in urban India is met by ground water. So ground water tables in most cities are falling at alarming rate of 2-3 metres per year.

Conclusion :

Delhi loses at least 30 per cent of its water due to leakages in its 83.0 km long pipeline network. Mumbai loses about 20 per cent of its water due to leakage. Instead of increasing the supply of water to meet demand, a more viable method of addressing the water crisis is to manage consumption. There are plenty of technologies there that allow to recycle rainwater that will help in saving water.

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Water Crisis in India – Growing Issues in India

Introduction :

India has many social problems and frequent water crisis in many States is one of them. Food and drinking water are quite essential for comfortable living. India suffers from water shortage for cultivation and drinking despite the fact that many big rivers, flow through some parts of India. In the south there are the Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, Perilya. In the north there are Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus, Mahanadi and other rivers. Much of the water goes to the sea unused. When summer is quite severe a large reservoir of water shrinks to a pool.

  • Both human beings and animals suffer for want of water. If it rains it rains and rains and there is a flood. Houses built of thatch are submerged in the water.
  • The cultivated crops under deep water rot and perish. When there is inadequate yield of crops there is famine. Rice, wheat, and sugar cane are scarce.
  • In fact there is scarcity of every type of grain. There are two extremes in India. The nation goes without water or there is heavy rain resulting in flood.
  • Nearly 40 per cent of water demand in urban India is met by ground water. So ground water tables in most cities are falling at alarming rate of 2-3 metres per year.
  • India is one of the major food growers in the world. That produces tons of quantity of food to feed its population and export the surplus that is left.
  • In addition, producing this much food requires a lot of water too. The traditional method of irrigation wastes a lot of water due to evaporation, water conveyance, drainage, percolation, and the overuse of groundwater.
  • Besides, most of the areas in India use traditional irrigation techniques that stress the availability of water. Due to rapid construction that uses concrete and marbles do not let the rainwater to get absorbed in the soil.
  • But, if we install some mechanism in our houses that can hold the rainwater then we can recharge the groundwater. 

Conclusion :

But, the solution to this problem lies in the extensive irrigation techniques such as micro-irrigation in which we provide water to plants and crops using a sprinkler or drip irrigation.Delhi loses at least 30 per cent of its water due to leakages in its 83.0 km long pipeline network. Mumbai loses about 20 per cent of its water due to leakage. Instead of increasing the supply of water to meet demand, a more viable method of addressing the water crisis is to manage consumption. There are plenty of technologies there that allow to recycle rainwater that will help in saving water.

Water crisis Vs Save Water – Saving the future generations

Introduction :

Water is the primary requirement for all the living beings. Human beings and all other animals cannot survive for a day without water. Plants also need water in order to grow and survive as well. Water is used in cleaning our clothes and utensils, wash, cultivating crops, cooking food items, and many other activities. We know that almost three-fourths part of the earth is water but all this water is not suitable for use, only 2% of those water is usable and so it is very necessary to save water. 

  • With the increasing population the water available is inadequate to meet the needs of the people. When summer is quite severe a large reservoir of water shrinks to a pool.
  • Both human beings and animals suffer for want of water. If it rains it rains and rains and there is a flood. The cultivated crops under deep water rot and perish.
  • There are two extremes in India. The nation goes without water or there is heavy rain resulting in flood. Wastage of water needs to be controlled. 
  • We should identify the water wastage facts and try to save water as much as possible. Currently, the biggest problem related to global warming is a huge water depreciation on Earth.
  • This is mainly caused due to misuse of water happening at various places. In the current scenario, it is important to understand the formula for the conversation of water and thereby save water.
  • Because pure water resources are the primary sources for all our necessities. And when it becomes depreciated, it can lead to huge catastrophic conditions for human beings. 
  • There are many regions in the world that are facing extreme water scarcity due to decline of groundwater and scanty rainfalls. Also, in some areas, the groundwater is contaminated or it has been overused.
  • Thus, these factors have to lead to drought situations and in these areas it has lead to water scarcity. Furthermore, urbanization and industrialization have added to the problems where groundwater has been overused to fulfill the increasing demands of the population.
  • According to the WHO report, 1 out of people does not have access to safe drinking water. Seeing this, the water crisis in the future does seem inevitable.

Conclusion :

Also, it calls for an immediate action plan in order to conserve water so that precious resource can be saved for today as well for future generations. The ground water tables in most cities are falling at alarming rate. Another factor is water leakage. Delhi loses at least 30 per cent of its water due to leakages and Mumbai loses about 20 per cent of its water due to leakage. People who live in those areas where there is plenty of water available should understand the value of water and thus save water. People should understand the importance of water and thus wastage of water should be controlled.

Water Conservation – Need of the present Senario

Introduction :

We are living in this dynamic world where everything is changing at a very fast rate. The human needs are not exception to it. As the population of this world is increasing the needs and necessities of the basic things are also increasing. Water is one of the basic necessities of life. We require plenty of water every day for drinking, cooking and washing. The chief sources of potable water are the surface and ground water.

  • Clean water is affecting the lives of people in India and other countries of the world in many ways, and the lack of clean water is becoming a major problem.
  • Water conservation is the only way to save water in the future to solve the problem of water scarcity.
  • Three-fourths of the Earth  is surrounded by water, whereas very few percent of water is available for human use Since 97% of the entire water in the ocean is salt water, which is not suitable for human use.
  • Only 3% of the entire water on the earth is worth use which is 70% in the form of ice layer and glacier and 1% drinking water Is available in the form of water.

Conclusion :

If gradually all of us will start saving water saving excess water will be possible. To save ourselves from the water wastage, we must be aware of the news of the people who are struggling daily for each drop of water for their living. To spread awareness, we should promote programs related to water conservation. We should encourage family members, children, friends, neighbors and co-workers to adopt this process to get positive results.

Water crisis as Disaster Management in India

Introduction :

Disaster refers to any occurrence that can cause damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life & deterioration of health. Disaster management is a constant phenomenon of mitigating the impact of the disaster. Disaster management requires collected and coordinated efforts.  A number of activities need to be undertaken in the event of disaster to reduce its intensity at the certain extent. The process of disaster management include coordination, command and control, arrangement for drinking water and food material, sanitation and maintenance of law and order.

  • The most vulnerable section in these disasters are the poor. Disaster management occupies an important place in this country’s policy framework as it is the poor and the under-privileged who are worst affected on account of calamities or disasters.
  • It is necessary to mobilize them towards preparedness for any emergency. Quick and timely response is essential in providing immediate relief and rescue operations, to save human lives as soon as possible.
  • Each year, India faces a number of disasters like floods, earthquakes, tsunami, landslides, cyclones, droughts and many more.
  • When we look at the man-made disasters, India suffered the Bhopal Gas Tragedy as well as the plague in Gujarat.
  • To stop these incidents from happening again, we need to strengthen our disaster management techniques to prevent destructive damage.
  • Most importantly, one must understand that disaster management does not necessarily eliminate the threat completely but it decreases the impact of the disaster.
  • It focuses on formulating specific plans to do so. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in India is responsible for monitoring the disasters of the country.
  • This organization runs a number of programs to mitigate the risks and increase the responsiveness.
  • Proper disaster management can be done when we make the citizens aware of the precautionary measures to take when they face emergency situations.
  • For instance, everyone must know we should hide under a bed or table whenever there is an earthquake. Thus, the NDMA needs to take more organized efforts to decrease the damage that disasters are causing.
  • If all the citizens learn the basic ways to save themselves and if the government takes more responsive measures, we can surely save a lot of life and vegetation.

Conclusion :

India has set up many departments and organizations for disaster management. These Include National Disaster Management Authority, National Remote Sensing Centre, Central Water Commission, etc. Disaster management has great importance in recent times. To handle any unforeseen situation efficiently, we need to be well-equipped with latest technologies. It cannot avoid the outbreak of disaster, but can mitigate its impact to a large extent.

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Water crisis : How Earthquake Safety Helps Essay

Introduction :

Earthquake occurs due to disturbance in the tectonic plates that lie under the surface of Earth. The rapid release of energy creates seismic waves that travel through the earth. Earthquakes are mostly brief but can cause mass destruction within seconds. Earthquake under a sea surface can also trigger a Tsunami which causes large scale destruction along the shoreline. Earthquakes can’t be avoided though, they can be forecasted and a warning could be issued. Earthquakes are caused mostly by natural reasons however sometimes these can even be man-made.

  • Nuclear bombing, building of dams and mining are few such human activities that can cause earthquake. Volcanic eruptions are a common cause of earthquake.
  • Areas that are faced with frequent volcanic activities are more prone to earthquakes. The severity of the Earthquake depends upon the magnitude and distance from the epicenter.
  • Also, the local geographical conditions play a role in determining the severity. Ground rupture refers to the visible breaking of the Earth’s surface.
  • Another significant effect of Earthquake is landslides. Landslides occur due to slope instability. This slope instability happens because of Earthquake.
  • Earthquakes can cause soil liquefaction. This happens when water-saturated granular material loses its strength. Therefore, it transforms from solid to a liquid.
  • Consequently, rigid structures sink into the liquefied deposits. Earthquakes can result in fires. This happens because Earthquake damages the electric power and gas lines.
  • Above all, it becomes extremely difficult to stop a fire once it begins. There are a number of ways by which we can protect us from earthquake.

Conclusion : 

Common measures include getting under a sturdy desk or table, staying away from glass or anything that could fall at the time of earthquake. If we are outdoors then should move to an open area away from building and streetlights and stay there until the shaking stops. If we are trapped inside a building then we should not move around. We should cover our mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. We should shout only as a last resort as it can cause to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. We should heed warnings and instructions from official organizations and let our family and friends know that all is well.

Water crisis & Earthquake safety essay in english

Introduction :

Earthquake occurs due to disturbance in the tectonic plates that lie under the surface of Earth. The rapid release of energy creates seismic waves that travel through the earth. Earthquakes are mostly brief but can cause mass destruction within seconds. Earthquake under a sea surface can also trigger a Tsunami which causes large scale destruction along the shoreline. Earthquakes can’t be avoided though, they can be forecasted and a warning could be issued.

  • Earthquakes are caused mostly by natural reasons however sometimes these can even be man-made. Nuclear bombing, building of dams and mining are few such human activities that can cause earthquake.
  • Volcanic eruptions are a common cause of earthquake. Areas that are faced with frequent volcanic activities are more prone to earthquakes.
  • There are a number of ways by which we can protect us from earthquake. Common measures include getting under a sturdy desk or table, staying away from glass or anything that could fall at the time of earthquake.

Conclusion :

If we are outdoors then should move to an open area away from building and streetlights and stay there until the shaking stops. If we are trapped inside a building then we should not move around. We should cover our mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. We should shout only as a last resort as it can cause to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. We should heed warnings and instructions from official organizations and let our family and friends know that all is well.

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Water crisis & Long Essay on Earthquake safety essay

Introduction :

Earthquakes happen without warning and we actually don’t know when the next major earthquake will happen, but we can take action now to prepare to survive it and minimize impact. Preparedness starts with a plan. Earthquake occurs due to disturbance in the tectonic plates that lie under the surface of Earth. The rapid release of energy creates seismic waves that travel through the earth. Earthquakes are mostly brief but can cause mass destruction within seconds. Earthquake under a sea surface can also trigger a Tsunami which causes large scale destruction along the shoreline.

  • Earthquakes can’t be avoided though, they can be forecasted and a warning could be issued. Earthquakes are caused mostly by natural reasons however sometimes these can even be man-made.
  • Nuclear bombing, building of dams and mining are few such human activities that can cause earthquake. Volcanic eruptions are a common cause of earthquake.
  • Areas that are faced with frequent volcanic activities are more prone to earthquakes. The severity of the Earthquake depends upon the magnitude and distance from the epicenter.
  • Also, the local geographical conditions play a role in determining the severity. Ground rupture refers to the visible breaking of the Earth’s surface.
  • Another significant effect of Earthquake is landslides. Landslides occur due to slope instability. This slope instability happens because of Earthquake. Earthquakes can cause soil liquefaction.
  • This happens when water-saturated granular material loses its strength. Therefore, it transforms from solid to a liquid. Consequently, rigid structures sink into the liquefied deposits.
  • Earthquakes can result in fires. This happens because Earthquake damages the electric power and gas lines. Above all, it becomes extremely difficult to stop a fire once it begins.
  • There are a number of ways by which we can protect us from earthquake. Common measures include getting under a sturdy desk or table, staying away from glass or anything that could fall at the time of earthquake.

Conclusion :

 If we are outdoors then should move to an open area away from building and streetlights and stay there until the shaking stops.  If we are trapped inside a building then we should not move around. We should cover our mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. We should shout only as a last resort as it can cause to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. We should heed warnings and instructions from official organizations and let our family and friends know that all is well.

Water crisis & Essay on climate change Issues & Challenges

Introduction :

Climate change is a change in the climatic conditions on the Earth. There is a frequent variation in the weather however climate change is known to occur only if these variations last for a few decades. Change in the pattern of climate has become a global cause of concern. Researchers continually observe the pattern to understand the past, present as well as the future climatic conditions. A record of the climate has been generated and updated regularly based on the geological evidences. There are a large number of factors that have been contributing towards this change.

  • These factors include the variations in solar energy  on the Earth, volcano eruptions,  orbital changes and change in plate tectonics. Besides this, human activities have also led to the changes in the climatic conditions over the past few decades.
  • The new technology is also adding to the emission of carbon which is having a negative impact on the climate. Change in climatic conditions are having a negative impact on the water system too.
  • It also resulted in the melting of glacier and erratic rainfall patterns that are leading to environmental imbalance.
  • Men due to his need have done many activities that not only harm the environment but themselves too. Many plant and animal species have become extinct due to human activities.
  • Human activities that harm the climate include deforestation, using fossil fuel, industrial waste, different type of pollution and many more.
  • All these things damaging the climate and the ecosystem in a very bad way. Many species of animals and birds are on a verge of extinction due to hunting.
  • The ocean level is continuously rising, glaciers are melting, carban dioxide in the air is increasing, forest and wildlife are declining, and water life is also getting disturbed due to climatic changes.
  • It is calculated that if this change keeps on going then many species of plants and animals will get extinct in near future and there will be a huge loss to the environment too.
  • If we don’t do anything then a day in future will come when humans will also become extinct from the earth. But instead of neglecting towards these issues we should start acting on them then we can save the earth and our future.

Conclusion :

Though humans activities has caused great damage to our climate and ecosystem. But, it is not late to start again and try to restore what we have done until now which damage the environment drastically. As we discussed besides the natural forces, human activities have also contributed majorly to this change. Therefore, it is extremely important to take the climate change issue seriously and control activities that are contributing towards this problem.

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Water crisis & Cultural Diversity in India

Introduction :

Indian culture is diverse and consist of various customs, ideas and social beliefs. India has different cultures and communities that differ in their food habits, cloths, languages, and traditions. It is the oldest and famous among the other cultures of the world. Indian literature is also a combination of various communities, traditions, customs, and religions. The diversity of Indian culture is well known worldwide. Cultural diversity is also seen in Indian Philosophy, art, music, and even Literature.

  • India is a global hub of multi-cultural and multi-traditional festivals like Dussehra, Holi, Diwali, Christmas, Ramazan, Guru Nanak Jayanti, Ganesh Chaturthi etc.
  • Each Indian festival tells its own cultural and national tale and is celebrated with different customs & traditions.
  • In India three National festivals are also celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm, these are the Republic Day, Independence Day, and Gandhi Jayanti.
  • In India, God lives in the heart of every person. Indians hold different prayers, beliefs, and values. In the Hindu tradition, everyone worships and respects Cows, Neem tree, Banyan tree, and Peepal tree.
  • In India rivers are also worshiped and have great religious significance and sentiments. Rivers such as Ganga, Yamuna Godavari, Bramhaputra, Narmada, and Tapti occasionally worshiped in India.
  • The Joint family system is the prevailing system in India. In most cases, the family members consist of parents, children, children’s spouses, and offspring.
  • All of these family members live together under a single roof and the eldest male member is the head of the family.
  • Arranged marriages are also a part of Indian culture. Most Indians have their marriages planned by their parents. In almost all marriages in India, the bride’s family gives dowry to bridegroom.
  • Weddings are certainly festive occasions in Indian culture. There is involvement of decorations, clothing, music, dance, rituals in Indian weddings.
  • India is a home of many sacred and religious places like the Amarnath temple, Badrinath, Haridwar, Vaishno Devi and Varanasi, which are located in the northern part of the country. However, in the southern region, Rameshwaram temple and Sabrimala temple have great significance.

Conclusion :

India celebrates a huge number of festivals. These festivals are very diverse because of multi-religious and multi-cultural societies in India. Indians greatly value festive occasions and the whole country joins in the celebrations irrespective of the differences. Thus, we can say that India is filled with traditions and modern culture. People have the freedom to practice any religion they want. This is why Indian culture is widespread across the world.

Water crisis & Save Energy – Making the world Bright

Introduction :

Energy conservation refers to the efforts made to reduce the consumption of energy. The energy on Earth is not in unlimited supply. Energy can take plenty of time to regenerate. This certainly makes it essential to conserve energy. Energy conservation is achievable either by using energy more efficiently or by reducing the amount of service usage. Energy conservation plays an important role in saving non-renewable energy resources. Furthermore, non-renewable energy sources take many centuries to regenerate. Moreover, humans consume energy at a faster rate than it can be produced.

  • Therefore, energy conservation would lead to the preservation of these precious non-renewable sources of energy. Energy conservation will reduce the expenses related to fossil fuels.
  • Fossil fuels are very expensive. Therefore, consumers are required to pay higher prices for goods and services.
  • Energy conservation would certainly reduce the amount of fossil fuel being mined. This would reduce the costs of consumers.
  • Energy conservation would also strengthen the economy as consumers will have more disposable income to spend on goods and services.
  • Energy conservation is good for scientific research. This is because energy conservation gives researchers plenty of time to conduct researches.
  • These researchers will have more time to come up with various energy solutions and alternatives. Humans must ensure to have fossil fuels as long as possible.
  • This would give enough time to finding practical solutions. Another important reason for energy conservation is environmental protection.
  • Another important reason for energy conservation is environmental protection. This is because various energy sources are significantly harmful to the environment. Furthermore, the burning of fossil fuels considerably pollutes the atmosphere.
  • Moreover, nuclear energy creates dangerous nuclear waste. Hence, energy conservation will lead to environmental protection.
  • Energy conservation would also result in the good health of humans. The pollution released due to energy sources is harmful to the human body.
  • The air pollution due to fossil fuels can cause various respiratory problems. Another important way of energy conservation is by using energy-efficient products.
  • Energy-efficient products are those that use lesser energy than their normal counterparts. One prominent example can be using an energy-efficient LED bulb rather than a normal light bulb.
  • The sun and the winds are always part of our life. And they are abundantly available in many countries. Also, such energy is clean energy which does not emit carbon dioxide, the main culprit in global warming.

Conclusion :

Today there are many energy- efficient alternatives for all kinds of appliances. So we have the power to make better choices for reducing our consumption of energy. Mahatma Gandhi absolutely right said, “the earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs but not every man’s greed”. Energy conservation is considered as a quick and economical way to solve the problem of power shortage.

Water crisis & PLASTIC POLLUTION 

Introduction :

Plastic pollution has become a major threat to our environment in today’s times and it is likely to make things worse in future.  Plastic pollution is damaging our environment rapidly. Waste plastic material is hard to dispose and contributes to major pollution on earth. This has become a cause of global concern. The increasing use of plastic bags, utensils and furniture, the amount of plastic waste has also gone up and so has the plastic pollution.

  • Plastic waste is entering the water bodies such as rivers, seas and even oceans and is polluting our water drastically. This water is then supplied at our places.
  • No matter how much we filter this water it can never get back to its pure form. The government of India has also banned the use of plastic bags in many states however the same has never been implemented properly.
  • Plastic bags cause health problems in human beings as well as animals. Waste food and vegetable and fruit peels are usually thrown away in plastic bags.
  • Animals often gulp pieces of plastic while having food. This causes various diseases in them. The government has put a ban on the use of plastic bags in many states of India but people continue to use these as these are still available in the market.
  • Plastic Pollution is affecting the whole earth, including mankind, wildlife and aquatic life. It is spreading like a disease. We all must realize the harmful impact it has on our lives so as to avoid it as soon as possible.
  • Plastic pollutes our water. Each year, tonnes of plastic are dumped into the ocean. As plastic does not dissolve, it remains in the water thereby hampering its purity. This means we won’t be left with clean water in the coming years.
  • We must take major steps to prevent it. We must use alternatives like cloth bags and paper bags instead of using plastic bags. If we are purchasing plastic, we must reuse it.

Conclusion :

We must avoid drinking bottled water which contributes largely to plastic pollution these days. The government must also take strict measures to ensure these are not used. It is of utmost importance to spread awareness about the harmful effects of plastic waste on our environment.  This can be done by way of television and radio and social media. This should help people understand the seriousness of the issue.

Water crisis & Global Warming 

Introduction :

Global warming refers to the rise in surface temperature of the earth due to the green-house effect created by green-house gases. Global warming is a big environmental and social issue all over the world. It is believed that increasing level of carbon dioxide gas and other greenhouse gases on the earth are the main reasons of heating the atmosphere of earth. If it is not noticed and solved immediately it would cause end of life on the earth. Global warming is the main and only reason of rising sea level, flooding, changes in weather patterns, storms, cyclone, lack of food etc.

  • It has been researched that increasing emissions of CO2 in the atmosphere is the cause of the nonstop burning of fossil fuels, usage of fertilizers, cutting forests, extra use of electricity, gases used in refrigerator etc.
  • Ozone layer causes protection to the earth surface by inhibiting the harmful sun rays to coming to the earth. Gradually declining ozone layer is the big indication of increasing global warming of the earth surface.
  • The concentrations of greenhouse gases are not larger than oxygen and nitrogen, because neither has more than two atoms per molecule, and so they lack the internal vibrational modes that molecules with more than two atoms possess.
  • Flooding of fresh water marshlands, low-lying cities, and islands with marine water is one of the major effects of global warming.
  • The ultimate causes of such reasons are the technological advancement, population explosion, increasing demand of industrial expansion, deforestation, priority towards urbanization, etc.
  • Due to melting of the ice peaks, there is loss of habitat near the poles. Now the polar bears are considered to be greatly endangered by the shortening of their feeding season because of declining ice packs. 
  • Global warming can be stopped when combined efforts are put in. For that, individuals and governments, both have to take steps towards achieving it. We must begin with the reduction of greenhouse gas.

Conclusion :

Furthermore, they need to monitor the consumption of gasoline. Switch to a hybrid car and reduce the release of carbon dioxide. Moreover, citizens can choose public transport or carpool together. Subsequently, recycling must also be encouraged. People must be aware of its meaning, cause, bad effects and other things about global warming to get it eradicated from worldwide. Just small changes in everyone’s life all over the world, we can be able to stop the huge negative changes in the atmosphere by lessening the effects of global warming and even stop it a day.

Water crisis & Delhi Pollution 

Introduction :

Pollution is one of the major issues causing concern not only in India but across the world. Delhi, the national capital of the country, is being tagged as one of the most heavily polluted capital cities in the world. It is the world’s worst city in terms of air pollution, with an unhealthy air quality index for the majority of the year. Thus, today, one of the biggest threats to the welfare of the people of Delhi.

  • There has been a huge rise in the vehicular population, in spite of the metro railways, aggravating traffic congestion and increasing air and noise pollution. 
  • There has also been a number of diesel vehicles plying on the roads, which are largely responsible for the air pollution.
  • Citizens need to start the public transport more and more to reduce the pollution level in the city. Govt. has ensured to increase the no. of buses and auto-rickshaws in the capital as well.
  • Stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana in northwest India has been cited as a major cause of air pollution in Delhi.
  • Particulate matter (PM) is basically a mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets like acids, chemicals, gas, water, metals, soil dust particles, etc. the measurement of which gives an idea of the pollution of a city.
  • There are mobile enforcement teams deployed at various locations for monitoring polluting vehicles.
  • Citizens need to avoid all kinds of contact near construction sites. These sites release gases which makes the air very harmful for eyes and for the respiratory system.
  • The above measures are known by many of us yet the level of national capital remains at 11th in the ranking of WHO for the most polluted cities.
  • The practicing of the above measures is the need for hour and to live happier days with our loved one is we all demand.

Conclusion :

I whole heartedly appeal to every citizen to take steps to make pollution free capital, a pollution free India. With a view to reducing vehicular pollution, there has been a ban imposed on the plying of more than 15 years old commercial or transport vehicles. Steps are taken to transform garbage into compost by developing new sanitary land-fill sites. It’s not that the Government is not taking steps to control pollution in Delhi, But we need proper and efficient implementation of plans and programmes and policies launched by the Government to make it successful.

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Essays

Essay on Unemployment a threat to internal security

Essay on Unemployment a threat to internal security

Introduction :

“Of all the aspects of social misery, nothing is so heartbreaking as unemployment.” This statement by Jane Addams shows the vicious cycle of poverty and hunger that leads to crime and unethical activities in the society just because of unemployment. Unemployment is a very big social problem faced by each and every country of the world. Covid-19 has added the fuel to the existing situation due to which lots of people get unemployed and lost their jobs. It is a situation when a skilled person wants to do a job but cannot find it.

  • India is one of the developing countries which is suffering from huge unemployment problem. Unemployment does not only mean that the person does not have any work or a job.
  • In the same way, unemployment also includes people working in areas out of their expertise or skills. There are various types of unemployment
  • such as disguised unemployment, seasonal unemployment, open unemployment, technological unemployment, structural unemployment.
  • Besides, some other types of unemployment are cyclic unemployment, underemployment, urban unemployment, chronic and casual unemployment.
  • Some major causes of unemployment are 1) high population and illiteracy 2) Defective education system of India leads to inadequate skill development that don’t provide better job opportunities in the market.
  • 3) Insufficient industrial development and most of the population is indulge in unorganized sector that did not provide any job security.
  • 4) Women are bound by social barriers and thus have less participation in the market workforce. Low rates of saving and investment also causes less job opportunities.
  • Unemployment can pose many challenges to internal security of India such as 1) the vulnerable unemployed youth can move on wrong track and get addicted to drugs, gambling, theft and other immoral acts that leads to fatal consequences in their life.
  • 2) Unemployed youth may be enticed by anti social elements and they may become part of insurgent groups, naxalites or any terrorist organization. In this way they can become a threat to their own nation and overall harming the economy.
  • The government has taken this problem very seriously and have taken various measures to reduce unemployment.

Some of these schemes includes Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, Integrated Rural Development Programme, Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, Nehru Rozgar Yojana, development of organized sector, small and cottage industries and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) etc. There is a need of revamping education through New Education Policy (NEP).  It will help in skill development and rural development is also necessary. Women’s education can change the society, speedy process of job recruitment can decrease the burden on the youth and can solve the problem to a great extent.

Unemployment a threat to internal security Vs Aatma nirbhar Bharat Swatantra Bharat

Introduction :

Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently announced the ‘Swatantra Bharat campaign’. The aim of this campaign is to make our country free from the dependence of imports form other countries. It also help to develop scientific and technical knowledge to overcome barriers to development. Due to COVID-19 outbreak and subsequent lockdown in India our country is facing economic slowdown.

  • Seeing this PM Modi has also announced to provide an economic stimulus package of 20 lakh crores which is 10% of India’s GDP.
  • This package aims towards achieving the objectives of self-reliant India Mission by injecting more money into the economy.
  • It will also strengthen the efforts to bridge all forms of social and economic inequalities and enable each and every individual to enjoy the fruits of progress.
  • Swatantra Bharat campaign also ensuring health and wellbeing for all and achieving sustainable development with concerns of environment rooted in all initiatives.
  • This mission will enable our country to cut down import dependence. It will also focus on substitution and quality goods to gain global market share. The mission focuses on the importance of promoting local products to global markets.
  • This mission will include all essential sectors like medical, textiles, electronics, plastics and toys where local manufacturing and exports will be promoted world wide.

It will consider products like gems and jewellery, pharma and steel sectors etc. There are labour intensive sectors thereby it will provide huge employment opportunities in the country and provide employment opportunities to all unemployed persons of the country. The progress and objectives of Swatantra Bharat campaign has definitely shown the right path and will save our country from this economic crisis in India.

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Unemployment a threat to internal security Vs Self-Reliant India – Making India Aatmanirbhar

Introduction : 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently announced the ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan’ which is also known as self-reliant India Mission. The aim of this mission is to self reliance or self-sufficiency. PM Modi has also announced to provide an economic stimulus package of 20 lakh crores which is 10% of India’s GDP. This package aims towards achieving the objectives of self-reliant India Mission by injecting more money into the economy. To address COVID-19 outbreak and subsequent lockdown in India which has led to economic slowdown, self-reliant India Mission is launched.

  • The economic package which is 10% of India’s Gross Domestic Product in 2019-20 is announced which include packages already announced at the beginning of the lockdown incorporating measures from the RBI and the payouts under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojna.
  • This mission will enable our country to cut down import dependence. It will also focus on substitution and quality goods to gain global market share.
  • The mission focuses on the importance of promoting local products to global markets and involves creation of a helping hand to the whole world.
  • India completely missed out on the ‘third industrial revolution’ comprising electronic goods, micro-processors, personal computers, mobile phones and decentralised manufacturing and global value chains during the so-called lost decads.
  • Today, India is the world’s second largest smartphone market. However, it does not make any of these phones itself, and manufactures only a small fraction of solar photovoltaic cells and modules currently used.
  • With entry of foreign corporations, most Indian private companies retreated into technology imports or collaborations. Even today, most R&D in India is conducted by PSUs, and much of the smaller but rising proportion of private sector R&D is by foreign corporations in information technology and biotechnology or pharma.
  • The second idea is that inviting foreign direct investment and manufacturing by foreign majors would bring new technologies into India’s industrial ecosystem, obviating the need for indigenous efforts towards self-reliance. However, mere setting up of manufacturing facilities in India is no guarantee of absorption of technologies.
  • Countries like Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Vietnam have focused on off-shore manufacturing lower down the value chain and without the thrust on self-reliance. This is useful for job creation but is an unsuitable model for a country of India’s size and aspirations.

Conclusion :

This mission will be implemented in two phases in the phase one it will consider all essential sectors like medical, textiles, electronics, plastics and toys where local manufacturing and exports will be promoted. These are labour intensive sectors thereby it will provide huge employment opportunities in the country. In phase two, it will consider products like gems and jewellery, pharma and steel etc. The progress and objectives of self-reliant India Mission has definitely shown the right path and will save our country from economic slowdown from this lockdown crisis in India.

Unemployment a threat to internal security Vs Urban Unemployment – Issues and Challenges

Introduction :

Unemployment is one of the major problems faced by each and every country of the world. It refers to a situation in which a skilled and talented person wanted to do a job but cannot find a proper job. India is one of developing countries which is suffering from a huge unemployment problem. But the unemployment problem in India is not the result of deficiency of demand but the high rate of growth of population. As COVID-19 pandemic has hit the Indian economy hard and with large scale job losses, unemployment is the second biggest worry for urban Indians, after the coronavirus infection.

  • Around more than  85 percent of self-employed in urban areas claimed to have lost their employment due to this pandemic as per the a survey. This was highest among casual workers in rural parts of the country.
  • In fact we can say that employment loss in urban areas was higher than that of in rural areas during the period.
  • According to economists, slow functioning of industries, lack of demand in the market are impacting the overall employment in India. Industrial activities have not picked up due to factors like health and labor shortage.
  • The government has announced a special economic package of worth Rs. 20 lakh crore which is 10% of India’s GDP in 2019-20 to provide employment benefits to the poor, labourer, migrants both from organized and unorganized sectors who have lost their jobs due to the coronavirus pandemic.
  • In India, there is much reason for a very large section of the population for being unemployed. Some of these factors are population growth, slow economic growth, slow growth of the economic sector, and fall in the cottage industry.
  • Moreover, these are the major reason for unemployment in India. The situation has become so worse that highly educated persons are ready to do the job of a sweeper.
  • A very significan reason of that a large portion of the population is engaged in the agricultural and allied sector and the sector only provides employment in harvest or plantation time.
  • The govt is taking this problem very seriously and have taken measures to slowly reduce unemployment in India.

Conclusion :

Some of these schemes includes Integrated Rural Development Programme, Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, Employment Assurance Scheme, Nehru Rozgar Yojana, development of organized sector, small and cottage industries, and Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana etc. Moreover, the primary reason of unemployment in India is its huge population which demands a large number of jobs every year which the government and authorities are unable to provide. The problem of unemployment in India has reached a critical stage but, now the government and local authorities have taken the problem seriously and working on it to reduce it.

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Unemployment a threat to internal security Vs National recruitment agency (NRA)-Pros and Cons essay in english

Introduction :

The government of India has approved the creation of a recruitment agency named National Recruitment Agency (NRA). It is an independent body to conduct common preliminary exams for various government jobs. At initial stage, it will conduct a Common Eligibility Test (CET) to shortlist candidates for the Group B and C posts. These examinations are now being conducted by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC), Railways Recruitment Board (RRBs) and Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS).

  • Gradually, it will brought all Central government recruitment agencies under NRA. Presently, candidates preparing for government jobs have to appear for separate exams conducted by multiple recruiting agencies for various posts.
  • But after the advent of NRA, this complete process will be simplified and easy for students and the agencies. NRA initially will conduct a common eligibility test (CET) exam.
  • Based on the CET score a candidate can apply for a vacancy with the respective agency. The CET test will be conducted in 3 levels and these are graduate, higher secondary and the matriculate level.
  • Although, the present recruitment agencies namely IBPS, RRB and SSC will remain in place. Based on the testing done at the CET level, final selection of the candidates will be made by separate specialized exams that are Tier 2 and Tier 3 which will be conducted by the respective recruitment agencies.

Conclusion :

The score of the CET exam, of the candidate will be valid for three years from the date of declaration of the result. There is no any restriction on the number of attempts to be taken by a candidate to appear in the CET exam. NRA is the need of the hour, as the candidates have to pay fees multiple times to these agencies and also have to travel long distances for appearing in it. Thus the NRA is a combination of convenience and cost-effectiveness for candidates.

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National recruitment agency (NRA) benefits the Candidates :

  • It is seen that each year, around 3 crore candidates appear for multiple examinations conducted by different agencies for the selection in different government jobs.
  • The National recruitment agency (NRA) is framed in such a way that it will  save application money of these candidates they need to pay for different examinations.   
  • National recruitment agency will reduce the mental pressure on candidates for appearing in different exams multiple times.  
  • Candidates also required to spend money to travel to reach the exam centre because most of the examinations conducted in far urban areas.
  • The women candidates also need someone to take them to the examination centre. The NRA will definitely help a lot in saving their travelling expenses.   
  • Inspite of appearing for different examinations conducted by many exam agencies every year, under the NRA only one exam will be conducted which will save a lot of money and time of the candidates.  
  • Under the NRA the scores of CET test will be valid for 3 years during which the candidate can apply for jobs in different sectors depending upon their desire and choise.
  • The NRA  also minimizes clashing  of dates of different exams. Many candidates need  to prioritize which exam they want to appear as some dates of important exams clash.
  • Now the numbers of examination will be limited and the score will be valid for many organizations, candidates will not have to worry about clash of the exam dates any more.
  • Candidates from rural areas will also be benefitted from it as they don’t need to travel many times to appear in different entrance examinations which are conducted many times in a year.

NRA benefits Recruiting Agencies & Government :

  •  The NRA is designed in such a way that it reduces the cost of spending on setting up an exam centre for every exam conducted many times in a year.  
  • it will also help in saving the money on security. For the security of the examination centre, the recruitment agencies are spending on the movement of troops and officers, which can be reduced to minimum cost. There is no extra security arrangements required.
  • Under NRA the curriculum is same, pattern of the exam and level of the exam are also be same. It helps in saving of transportation and lodging cost.
  • NRA was first proposed by the government of India in its 2020 budget. This agency is an independent, professional, specialist organisational body and will conduct an exam, which would be known as the CET  for the selection to different government jobs in India.
  • Candidates have to pay fees to multiple recruiting agencies many times in a year and also have to travel long distances for appearing in various government exams but now the senario has changed.

The Process of NRA :

  • Under NRA the examinations have been conducted in 12 different languages and will be based on a common exam.
  • Under it, there is a common registration, single fee. The candidates are not required to travel outside the district to appear for the exam many times in a year.
  • Under it, There is a special focus on creating examination centres in 117 districts in India.
  • A standardised question bank with multiple questions of similar difficulty levels are created in a central server.
  •  reducing the chances of cheating and paper leakage under it.
  • Scores can be generated very easily, delivered online and be valid for a 3 year period.
  • The CET test have to be conducted for three levels i.e, graduate, higher secondary  and the matriculate level.
  • Students can take the CET test multiple times until they are within the eligible age, with their best score being taken into account under it.
  • An algorithm is also used to jumble and dole out different questions, so that each candidate receives a different question paper,

Challenges of NRA :

  • As the need of growing on transferring services to the private sector, there will be fewer government jobs offer in the near future.
  • Only 14% of public employment comes under the Central Government and the rest of the it comes within the purview of State Government. Similar reform are required for the State Government exams.
  • We can say that the long-term relevance of such reforms is totally depend on the commitment of governments to raise the public employment opportunites and expand services for the general public.

Unemployment a threat to internal security Vs Urban unemployment

Introduction :

Unemployment is a serious problem faced by each and every country of the world. It refers to a situation in which a skilled and talented person wanted to do a job but cannot find a proper job. India is one of developing countries which is suffering from a huge unemployment problem. But the unemployment problem in India is not the result of deficiency of demand but the high rate of growth of population.

  • As COVID-19 pandemic has hit the Indian economy hard and with large scale job losses, unemployment is the second biggest worry for urban Indians, after the coronavirus infection.
  • In a survey conducted across India, approximately 87 percent of self-employed respondents in urban areas claimed to have lost their employment due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
  • This was highest among casual workers in rural parts of the country. Generally it is seen that employment loss in urban India was higher than in rural areas during the survey period.
  • According to economists, slow functioning of industries, lack of demand in the market are impacting the overall employment in India.
  • As a matter of fact formal sector jobs will take months to come back. Industrial activities have not picked up due to factors like health and labor shortage.

The government has announced a special economic package of worth Rs 20 lakh crore which is 10% of India’s GDP in 2019-20 to provide employment benefits to the poor, labourers, migrants both from organized and unorganized sectors who have lost their jobs due to the coronavirus pandemic. The problem of unemployment in India has reached a critical stage but, now the government and local authorities have taken the problem seriously and working on it to reduce it.

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Unemployment a threat to internal security Vs Work from Home – A Solution to Unemployment In India

Introduction :

Work From home is a modern work approach where the employees of a company or firm can do their job from home. Work from home gives flexibility to the employees as well as to the employers as the whole work can be done easily from home. It has opened a new range of possibilities for the business houses and companies for their work. With the outbreak of the covid-19 pandemic, work from home has given some employers the flexibility they need to continue their business operations while considering their staffs and customers health and wellbeing.

  • Prior to covid-19 pandemic, work from home was on the increase as many employers were identifying its benefits that it can improve their business model and also the work life balance of their employees. 
  • It also helps to keep productivity of the employees same or even better as at the same time they can handle their personal work too.
  • In case some of the employees are facing health related issues then work from home can be a great tool for them. That’s why nowadays, most of the IT & other related companies are offering this option to their employees.
  • One advantage of working from home is the freedom. Home workers can organise their work around their home life as they can stop or start work as they wish.
  • For example, if they have children, they can easily arrange to take them and pick them up from school. They can also undertake any other tasks that they need to do during the day, such as doing the shopping, and then finish work later.
  • Overall then, employees have more control over their lives. But work from home may not be suitable for everyone’s ability. Some employees may prefer the structure of working in an office environment.
  • Some staff may prefer personal interaction with colleagues and can find face to face guidance with their manager that help them in completing their tasks.

Conclusion :

Working from home may have a negative impact on the support they need to do their job from their seniors. There could be difficulty in managing home workers and monitoring their performance. The companies can encourage the employees to work from home but can also provide certain rules so that the work can be done effectively from home. Like asking employees to work for the hours they work otherwise in office and maintain a proper work schedule. Working from home can be exciting, empowering and even profitable, provided the employees are realistic with pros and cons as responsibilities also come with freedom. 

Unemployment a threat to internal security Vs

Vocal for Local – A boost Unemployment in India

Introduction :

Vocal for Local is an initiative to boost the employment opportunities in India. Our PM Narendra Modi coined the term ‘Vocal for Local’ to encourage the people to promote the local products worldwide. He said in his Independence day speech on 15th August 2020, “The mindset of free India should be ‘vocal for local’. We should appreciate our local products, if we don’t do this then our products will not get the opportunity to do better and will not get encouraged,”

  • Vocal for Local initiative encourages the people to start producing their own products and hence, reducing the use of imported goods.
  • The need of ‘Vocal for Local’ arose during the lockdown  period when all the mediums of transport were on halt and the entire world realize the usefulness of local products.
  • Movements such as the “Vocal For Local” campaign can be the best initiative to give a boost to national economy after covid-19 crisis.
  • The positive effect of Vocal for Local is seen during the festive seasons like Diwali and Dashara. People of the country appreciated local products and purchased local made diya and many other things used in these festivals instead of Chinese products.
  • With good response in Diwali season, we can anticipate that this new initiative will strengthen the local markets in other festive seasons too and take the Indian economy to the next level.
  • As the leading brands of the world were once local brands and they became global brands only when local people started buying and using them.
  • The local people branded them and then start promoting them. Thus, these were the catalysts to make these local products a global brands from local brands.
  • The Vocal for local suggests not only buy local products but also be vocal about promoting local products proudly. The people making local products need support and it is the responsibility of each Indian to buy these products.

Conclusion :

India cannot become self-reliant until it has control over its domestic and global supply chains Thus, there is a need to ensure greater control over certain parts of the global value chain to protect strategic interests, especially in healthcare, agriculture and defence sectors. If all Indians adopt the ‘Vocal for Local’ mantra then a lot of Indian products can easily become global. So, let’s do it by purchasing and promoting local products and make our India self-reliant and self-sufficient.

Unemployment a threat to internal security Vs Migrant Workers during Pandemic in India

Introduction :

A migrant worker is a person who migrates within their home country or outside it for work. Migrant workers do not have the intention to stay permanently in the place where they work. The nationwide lockdown announced on March 24, has caused immense distress to migrant workers around the country. Thousands of migrant workers were walking across India to reunite with their families in their native places. Indian migrant workers during the COVID-19 pandemic have faced multiple hardships.

  • With the closure of factories and workplaces due to the lockdown, millions of migrant workers had to deal with the loss of income, food shortages and uncertainty. 
  • Thousands of them, began walking back home, with no means of transport due to the lockdown. In response, the Government took various measures to help them, and later arranged transport for them.
  • The major states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Delhi and Kerala are trying to minimise the loss of labour and are prime states for ‘unlocking’ of economic activity.
  • According to the 2011 Census, there are 41 million interstate migrants in India who migrate to other states due to the lack of work opportunities in their home state.
  • Poorer, less educated, and from socially disadvantaged communities, survival draws these migrants to the cities. Meagre pay, extended working hours, and unsafe work conditions characterise their exploited labour.
  • Covid-19 renders most of them jobless in cities with crushing rents and no access to food or water. Without employment, city life is so burdensome that many risk returning to the safety of their villages, in some cases even at the cost of their lives. 
  • The disproportionate impact of state policy also breaches the right to equality under Article 14 of the Constitution and imposes a corresponding duty on the government to mitigate negative effects.
  • The government has also launched an employment scheme named ‘Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyaan’ implementing on a mission mode in 125 days in 116 districts of six states – Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Odisha.
  • The scheme was launched after lakhs of migrant workers returned to their home states following loss of employment in urban areas due to the nationwide lockdown to combat the spread of COVID-19.

Conclusion :

In the long term, India should work towards reducing migrant workers’ vulnerability by amending labour laws. Such amendments should align migrant workers’ conditions with other unorganised sector workers, while also developing norms for food security, repatriation and wage safety in times of emergency. While emergency solutions are urgent, they must pave the way to address more fundamental issues in migrant worker-dominated sectors. The government has already announced schemes like ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ to enable migrant workers and their family members to access PDS benefits from any Fair Price Shop in the country. But they also need cash for their day-to-day needs.

Unemployment a threat to internal security Vs Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan

Introduction :

Our Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyaan which is an employment scheme for migrant workers, who returned to villages from cities during lockdown. This Abhiyaan was launched via video conference on 20th, June 2020 from village Telihar in Bihar in the presence of Chief Ministers of five states Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and a minister of Odisha.

  • Under the scheme, the aim will be to reduce the economic impact faced by the rural parts of the country due to nationwide lockdown by providing livelihood support to the rural citizens, especially for the migrant workers.
  • The Central Government has set up a target of 125 days for achieving the targets under the scheme in 116 districts across the country by bringing together about 25 schemes under the Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyan.
  • Industry groups will be formed near villages, towns, and small cities for making make different products from local produce, and packing things.
  • Cold storage facilities to be developed at the cost of 1 lakh crore to store farm produce locally. The Abhiyan also provide modern facilities in rural areas. Laying of fibre cable and provision of internet are also made a part of the Abhiyan.

Conclusion :

This abhiyaan will provide immediate relief to families of migrant workers while creating infrastructure in rural areas. The scheme like Garib Kalyan Rojgar Yojana is much needed one as per the current situation of the migrant workers. However, the success of the program depends upon whether its benefits reach the migrant workers in time. The government should also create a database of migrant workers that could be used in the future to create a social security system for them.

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Essays

Essay on Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions

Essay on Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions

Introduction :

“The cyclone derives its powers from a calm center. So does a person.” is a famous statement of Norman Vincent. We all have already heard about various natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones. The recent cyclone named Tauktae hits the western ghats of India. It has affected many states and union territories of India such as Kerela, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Gujrat and Daman and Diu. In simple terms, a cyclone is a violent wind that rotates around a strong centre of low atmospheric pressure causing a storm.

  • It also comes with thunder, lightening and heavy rainfall and many times take what comes in its way with itself.
  • There are various types of cyclones depending on its features like tropical cyclone, meso cyclone, sub tropical cyclone and polar cyclone.
  • Under the Ministry of Home Affairs, the government has set up National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) which is responsible for laying down the plans, policies and guidelines for disaster management.
  • Indian meteorological department gives warning regarding cyclone in India. Various safety measures should be followed during the cyclone like
  • 1) Vulnerable areas that may be affected by the cyclone, can be predicted through hazard mapping. 2) Effective implementation of land use planning is required so that settlements in most vulnerable areas can be prevented or avoided.
  • 3) Public infrastructure should be designed by keeping in the mind of cyclone prone areas. 4) There should be afforestation so that it may mitigate tsunami, soil erosion etc.
  • 5) Drainage system should be well designed to avoid flood and rainfall caused from it. Under NDMA, the government takes various measures like mitigation, preparedness, responsiveness to save the masses.
  • Various camps are enacted by the government to give proper shelter, food and clothes to the victims. With all these, a responsive team is made which is responsible for examining the cyclone hit areas and evacuating the people and saving lives.
  • India ranks 7th place out of 180 countries in global climate risk index. These results are threatening so we need a proper system to get early warnings for natural disasters.

Conclusion :

The government at all level should start initiative for public awareness programs about the natural calamities. Due to cyclone, earthquake, tsunami etc. many people lost their lives and properties. So our system should be proactive and efficient preventive steps should be taken. As we cannot stop these disasters from getting formed but we can only prepare ourselves and our infrastructure so that the loss caused by the cyclone and other natural calamities should be minimum.

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Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Disaster Management in English

Introduction :

Disaster refers to any occurrence that can cause damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life & deterioration of health. Disaster management is a constant phenomenon of mitigating the impact of the disaster. Disaster management requires collected and coordinated efforts.  A number of activities need to be undertaken in the event of disaster to reduce its intensity at the certain extent. The process of disaster management include coordination, command and control, arrangement for drinking water and food material, sanitation and maintenance of law and order.

  • The most vulnerable section in these disasters are the poor. Disaster management occupies an important place in this country’s policy framework as it is the poor and the under-privileged who are worst affected on account of calamities or disasters.
  • It is necessary to mobilize them towards preparedness for any emergency. Quick and timely response is essential in providing immediate relief and rescue operations, to save human lives as soon as possible.
  • Each year, India faces a number of disasters like floods, earthquakes, tsunami, landslides, cyclones, droughts and many more.
  • When we look at the man-made disasters, India suffered the Bhopal Gas Tragedy as well as the plague in Gujarat.
  • To stop these incidents from happening again, we need to strengthen our disaster management techniques to prevent destructive damage.
  • Most importantly, one must understand that disaster management does not necessarily eliminate the threat completely but it decreases the impact of the disaster.
  • It focuses on formulating specific plans to do so. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in India is responsible for monitoring the disasters of the country.
  • This organization runs a number of programs to mitigate the risks and increase the responsiveness.
  • Proper disaster management can be done when we make the citizens aware of the precautionary measures to take when they face emergency situations.
  • For instance, everyone must know we should hide under a bed or table whenever there is an earthquake. Thus, the NDMA needs to take more organized efforts to decrease the damage that disasters are causing.
  • If all the citizens learn the basic ways to save themselves and if the government takes more responsive measures, we can surely save a lot of life and vegetation.

Conclusion :

India has set up many departments and organizations for disaster management. These Include National Disaster Management Authority, National Remote Sensing Centre, Central Water Commission, etc. Disaster management has great importance in recent times. To handle any unforeseen situation efficiently, we need to be well-equipped with latest technologies. It cannot avoid the outbreak of disaster, but can mitigate its impact to a large extent.

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Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions : How Earthquake Safety Helps Essay

Introduction :

Earthquake occurs due to disturbance in the tectonic plates that lie under the surface of Earth. The rapid release of energy creates seismic waves that travel through the earth. Earthquakes are mostly brief but can cause mass destruction within seconds. Earthquake under a sea surface can also trigger a Tsunami which causes large scale destruction along the shoreline. Earthquakes can’t be avoided though, they can be forecasted and a warning could be issued. Earthquakes are caused mostly by natural reasons however sometimes these can even be man-made.

  • Nuclear bombing, building of dams and mining are few such human activities that can cause earthquake. Volcanic eruptions are a common cause of earthquake.
  • Areas that are faced with frequent volcanic activities are more prone to earthquakes. The severity of the Earthquake depends upon the magnitude and distance from the epicenter.
  • Also, the local geographical conditions play a role in determining the severity. Ground rupture refers to the visible breaking of the Earth’s surface.
  • Another significant effect of Earthquake is landslides. Landslides occur due to slope instability. This slope instability happens because of Earthquake.
  • Earthquakes can cause soil liquefaction. This happens when water-saturated granular material loses its strength. Therefore, it transforms from solid to a liquid.
  • Consequently, rigid structures sink into the liquefied deposits. Earthquakes can result in fires. This happens because Earthquake damages the electric power and gas lines.
  • Above all, it becomes extremely difficult to stop a fire once it begins. There are a number of ways by which we can protect us from earthquake.

Conclusion : 

Common measures include getting under a sturdy desk or table, staying away from glass or anything that could fall at the time of earthquake. If we are outdoors then should move to an open area away from building and streetlights and stay there until the shaking stops. If we are trapped inside a building then we should not move around. We should cover our mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. We should shout only as a last resort as it can cause to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. We should heed warnings and instructions from official organizations and let our family and friends know that all is well

 

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Water Crisis in India – Growing disaster  

Introduction :

India has many social problems and frequent water crisis in many States is one of them. Food and drinking water are quite essential for comfortable living. India suffers from water shortage for cultivation and drinking despite the fact that many big rivers, flow through some parts of India. In the south there are the Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, Perilya. In the north there are Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus, Mahanadi and other rivers. Much of the water goes to the sea unused. When summer is quite severe a large reservoir of water shrinks to a pool.

  • Both human beings and animals suffer for want of water. If it rains it rains and rains and there is a flood. Houses built of thatch are submerged in the water. The cultivated crops under deep water rot and perish.
  • When there is inadequate yield of crops there is famine. Rice, wheat, and sugar cane are scarce. In fact there is scarcity of every type of grain. There are two extremes in India.
  • The nation goes without water or there is heavy rain resulting in flood. Nearly 40 per cent of water demand in urban India is met by ground water. So ground water tables in most cities are falling at alarming rate of 2-3 metres per year.
  • India is one of the major food growers in the world. That produces tons of quantity of food to feed its population and export the surplus that is left. In addition, producing this much food requires a lot of water too.
  • The traditional method of irrigation wastes a lot of water due to evaporation, water conveyance, drainage, percolation, and the overuse of groundwater. Besides, most of the areas in India use traditional irrigation techniques that stress the availability of water.
  • Due to rapid construction that uses concrete and marbles do not let the rainwater to get absorbed in the soil. But, if we install some mechanism in our houses that can hold the rainwater then we can recharge the groundwater.
  • But, the solution to this problem lies in the extensive irrigation techniques such as micro-irrigation in which we provide water to plants and crops using a sprinkler or drip irrigation.

Conclusion :

Delhi loses at least 30 per cent of its water due to leakages in its 83.0 km long pipeline network. Mumbai loses about 20 per cent of its water due to leakage. Instead of increasing the supply of water to meet demand, a more viable method of addressing the water crisis is to manage consumption. There are plenty of technologies there that allow to recycle rainwater that will help in saving water.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Water Conservation – A solution to the Problem

Introduction :

We are living in this dynamic world where everything is changing at a very fast rate. The human needs are not exception to it. As the population of this world is increasing the needs and necessities of the basic things are also increasing. Water is one of the basic necessities of life. We require plenty of water every day for drinking, cooking and washing.

  • The chief sources of potable water are the surface and ground water. Clean water is affecting the lives of people in India and other countries of the world in many ways, and the lack of clean water is becoming a major problem.
  • Water conservation is the only way to save water in the future to solve the problem of water scarcity.
  • Three-fourths of the Earth  is surrounded by water, whereas very few percent of water is available for human use Since 97% of the entire water in the ocean is salt water, which is not suitable for human use.
  • Only 3% of the entire water on the earth is worth use which is 70% in the form of ice layer and glacier and 1% drinking water Is available in the form of water.

Conclusion :

If gradually all of us will start saving water saving excess water will be possible. To save ourselves from the water wastage, we must be aware of the news of the people who are struggling daily for each drop of water for their living. To spread awareness, we should promote programs related to water conservation. We should encourage family members, children, friends, neighbors and co-workers to adopt this process to get positive results.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Earthquake safety essay in english 250 words :

Introduction :

Earthquake occurs due to disturbance in the tectonic plates that lie under the surface of Earth. The rapid release of energy creates seismic waves that travel through the earth. Earthquakes are mostly brief but can cause mass destruction within seconds. Earthquake under a sea surface can also trigger a Tsunami which causes large scale destruction along the shoreline. Earthquakes can’t be avoided though, they can be forecasted and a warning could be issued.

  • Earthquakes are caused mostly by natural reasons however sometimes these can even be man-made. Nuclear bombing, building of dams and mining are few such human activities that can cause earthquake.
  • Volcanic eruptions are a common cause of earthquake. Areas that are faced with frequent volcanic activities are more prone to earthquakes.
  • There are a number of ways by which we can protect us from earthquake. Common measures include getting under a sturdy desk or table, staying away from glass or anything that could fall at the time of earthquake.

Conclusion :

If we are outdoors then should move to an open area away from building and streetlights and stay there until the shaking stops. If we are trapped inside a building then we should not move around. We should cover our mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. We should shout only as a last resort as it can cause to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. We should heed warnings and instructions from official organizations and let our family and friends know that all is well.

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Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Earthquake safety essay in english

Introduction :

Earthquakes happen without warning and we actually don’t know when the next major earthquake will happen, but we can take action now to prepare to survive it and minimize impact. Preparedness starts with a plan. Earthquake occurs due to disturbance in the tectonic plates that lie under the surface of Earth. The rapid release of energy creates seismic waves that travel through the earth. Earthquakes are mostly brief but can cause mass destruction within seconds. Earthquake under a sea surface can also trigger a Tsunami which causes large scale destruction along the shoreline.

  • Earthquakes can’t be avoided though, they can be forecasted and a warning could be issued. Earthquakes are caused mostly by natural reasons however sometimes these can even be man-made.
  • Nuclear bombing, building of dams and mining are few such human activities that can cause earthquake. Volcanic eruptions are a common cause of earthquake.
  • Areas that are faced with frequent volcanic activities are more prone to earthquakes. The severity of the Earthquake depends upon the magnitude and distance from the epicenter.
  • Also, the local geographical conditions play a role in determining the severity. Ground rupture refers to the visible breaking of the Earth’s surface.
  • Another significant effect of Earthquake is landslides. Landslides occur due to slope instability. This slope instability happens because of Earthquake. Earthquakes can cause soil liquefaction.
  • This happens when water-saturated granular material loses its strength. Therefore, it transforms from solid to a liquid. Consequently, rigid structures sink into the liquefied deposits.
  • Earthquakes can result in fires. This happens because Earthquake damages the electric power and gas lines. Above all, it becomes extremely difficult to stop a fire once it begins.
  • There are a number of ways by which we can protect us from earthquake. Common measures include getting under a sturdy desk or table, staying away from glass or anything that could fall at the time of earthquake.

Conclusion :

 If we are outdoors then should move to an open area away from building and streetlights and stay there until the shaking stops.  If we are trapped inside a building then we should not move around. We should cover our mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. We should shout only as a last resort as it can cause to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. We should heed warnings and instructions from official organizations and let our family and friends know that all is well.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs climate change Issues & Challenges for Ib Acio Tier 2

Introduction :

Climate change is a change in the climatic conditions on the Earth. There is a frequent variation in the weather however climate change is known to occur only if these variations last for a few decades. Change in the pattern of climate has become a global cause of concern. Researchers continually observe the pattern to understand the past, present as well as the future climatic conditions. A record of the climate has been generated and updated regularly based on the geological evidences. There are a large number of factors that have been contributing towards this change.

  • These factors include the variations in solar energy  on the Earth, volcano eruptions,  orbital changes and change in plate tectonics. Besides this, human activities have also led to the changes in the climatic conditions over the past few decades.
  • The new technology is also adding to the emission of carbon which is having a negative impact on the climate. Change in climatic conditions are having a negative impact on the water system too.
  • It also resulted in the melting of glacier and erratic rainfall patterns that are leading to environmental imbalance.
  • Men due to his need have done many activities that not only harm the environment but themselves too. Many plant and animal species have become extinct due to human activities.
  • Human activities that harm the climate include deforestation, using fossil fuel, industrial waste, different type of pollution and many more.
  • All these things damaging the climate and the ecosystem in a very bad way. Many species of animals and birds are on a verge of extinction due to hunting.
  • The ocean level is continuously rising, glaciers are melting, carban dioxide in the air is increasing, forest and wildlife are declining, and water life is also getting disturbed due to climatic changes.
  • It is calculated that if this change keeps on going then many species of plants and animals will get extinct in near future and there will be a huge loss to the environment too.
  • If we don’t do anything then a day in future will come when humans will also become extinct from the earth. But instead of neglecting towards these issues we should start acting on them then we can save the earth and our future.

Conclusion :

Though humans activities has caused great damage to our climate and ecosystem. But, it is not late to start again and try to restore what we have done until now which damage the environment drastically. As we discussed besides the natural forces, human activities have also contributed majorly to this change. Therefore, it is extremely important to take the climate change issue seriously and control activities that are contributing towards this problem.

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Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Cultural Diversity in India

Introduction :

Indian culture is diverse and consist of various customs, ideas and social beliefs. India has different cultures and communities that differ in their food habits, cloths, languages, and traditions. It is the oldest and famous among the other cultures of the world. Indian literature is also a combination of various communities, traditions, customs, and religions. The diversity of Indian culture is well known worldwide. Cultural diversity is also seen in Indian Philosophy, art, music, and even Literature.

  • India is a global hub of multi-cultural and multi-traditional festivals like Dussehra, Holi, Diwali, Christmas, Ramazan, Guru Nanak Jayanti, Ganesh Chaturthi etc.
  • Each Indian festival tells its own cultural and national tale and is celebrated with different customs & traditions.
  • In India three National festivals are also celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm, these are the Republic Day, Independence Day, and Gandhi Jayanti.
  • In India, God lives in the heart of every person. Indians hold different prayers, beliefs, and values. In the Hindu tradition, everyone worships and respects Cows, Neem tree, Banyan tree, and Peepal tree.
  • In India rivers are also worshiped and have great religious significance and sentiments. Rivers such as Ganga, Yamuna Godavari, Bramhaputra, Narmada, and Tapti occasionally worshiped in India.
  • The Joint family system is the prevailing system in India. In most cases, the family members consist of parents, children, children’s spouses, and offspring.
  • All of these family members live together under a single roof and the eldest male member is the head of the family.
  • Arranged marriages are also a part of Indian culture. Most Indians have their marriages planned by their parents. In almost all marriages in India, the bride’s family gives dowry to bridegroom.
  • Weddings are certainly festive occasions in Indian culture. There is involvement of decorations, clothing, music, dance, rituals in Indian weddings.
  • India is a home of many sacred and religious places like the Amarnath temple, Badrinath, Haridwar, Vaishno Devi and Varanasi, which are located in the northern part of the country. However, in the southern region, Rameshwaram temple and Sabrimala temple have great significance.

Conclusion :

India celebrates a huge number of festivals. These festivals are very diverse because of multi-religious and multi-cultural societies in India. Indians greatly value festive occasions and the whole country joins in the celebrations irrespective of the differences. Thus, we can say that India is filled with traditions and modern culture. People have the freedom to practice any religion they want. This is why Indian culture is widespread across the world.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Save Energy – Making the world Bright

Introduction :

Energy conservation refers to the efforts made to reduce the consumption of energy. The energy on Earth is not in unlimited supply. Energy can take plenty of time to regenerate. This certainly makes it essential to conserve energy. Energy conservation is achievable either by using energy more efficiently or by reducing the amount of service usage. Energy conservation plays an important role in saving non-renewable energy resources. Furthermore, non-renewable energy sources take many centuries to regenerate. Moreover, humans consume energy at a faster rate than it can be produced.

  • Therefore, energy conservation would lead to the preservation of these precious non-renewable sources of energy. Energy conservation will reduce the expenses related to fossil fuels.
  • Fossil fuels are very expensive. Therefore, consumers are required to pay higher prices for goods and services.
  • Energy conservation would certainly reduce the amount of fossil fuel being mined. This would reduce the costs of consumers.
  • Energy conservation would also strengthen the economy as consumers will have more disposable income to spend on goods and services.
  • Energy conservation is good for scientific research. This is because energy conservation gives researchers plenty of time to conduct researches.
  • These researchers will have more time to come up with various energy solutions and alternatives. Humans must ensure to have fossil fuels as long as possible.
  • This would give enough time to finding practical solutions. Another important reason for energy conservation is environmental protection.
  • Another important reason for energy conservation is environmental protection. This is because various energy sources are significantly harmful to the environment. Furthermore, the burning of fossil fuels considerably pollutes the atmosphere.
  • Moreover, nuclear energy creates dangerous nuclear waste. Hence, energy conservation will lead to environmental protection.
  • Energy conservation would also result in the good health of humans. The pollution released due to energy sources is harmful to the human body.
  • The air pollution due to fossil fuels can cause various respiratory problems. Another important way of energy conservation is by using energy-efficient products.
  • Energy-efficient products are those that use lesser energy than their normal counterparts. One prominent example can be using an energy-efficient LED bulb rather than a normal light bulb.
  • The sun and the winds are always part of our life. And they are abundantly available in many countries. Also, such energy is clean energy which does not emit carbon dioxide, the main culprit in global warming.

Conclusion :

Today there are many energy- efficient alternatives for all kinds of appliances. So we have the power to make better choices for reducing our consumption of energy. Mahatma Gandhi absolutely right said, “the earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs but not every man’s greed”. Energy conservation is considered as a quick and economical way to solve the problem of power shortage.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Water Crisis in India 

Introduction :

India has many social problems and frequent water crisis in many States is one of them. Food and drinking water are quite essential for comfortable living. India suffers from water shortage for cultivation and drinking despite the fact that many big rivers, flow through some parts of India. In the south there are the Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, Perilya. In the north there are Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus, Mahanadi and other rivers. Much of the water goes to the sea unused. When summer is quite severe a large reservoir of water shrinks to a pool.

  • Both human beings and animals suffer for want of water. If it rains it rains and rains and there is a flood. Houses built of thatch are submerged in the water.
  • The cultivated crops under deep water rot and perish. When there is inadequate yield of crops there is famine. Rice, wheat, and sugar cane are scarce.
  • In fact there is scarcity of every type of grain. There are two extremes in India. The nation goes without water or there is heavy rain resulting in flood.
  • Nearly 40 per cent of water demand in urban India is met by ground water. So ground water tables in most cities are falling at alarming rate of 2-3 metres per year.
  • India is one of the major food growers in the world. That produces tons of quantity of food to feed its population and export the surplus that is left.
  • In addition, producing this much food requires a lot of water too. The traditional method of irrigation wastes a lot of water due to evaporation, water conveyance, drainage, percolation, and the overuse of groundwater.
  • Besides, most of the areas in India use traditional irrigation techniques that stress the availability of water. Due to rapid construction that uses concrete and marbles do not let the rainwater to get absorbed in the soil.
  • But, if we install some mechanism in our houses that can hold the rainwater then we can recharge the groundwater.
  • But, the solution to this problem lies in the extensive irrigation techniques such as micro-irrigation in which we provide water to plants and crops using a sprinkler or drip irrigation.

Conclusion :

Delhi loses at least 30 per cent of its water due to leakages in its 83.0 km long pipeline network. Mumbai loses about 20 per cent of its water due to leakage. Instead of increasing the supply of water to meet demand, a more viable method of addressing the water crisis is to manage consumption. There are plenty of technologies there that allow to recycle rainwater that will help in saving water.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Water Conservation 

Introduction : 

We are living in this dynamic world where everything is changing at a very fast rate. The human needs are not exception to it. As the population of this world is increasing the needs and necessities of the basic things are also increasing. Water is one of the basic necessities of life. We require plenty of water every day for drinking, cooking and washing. The chief sources of potable water are the surface and ground water.

  • Clean water is affecting the lives of people in India and other countries of the world in many ways, and the lack of clean water is becoming a major problem.
  • Water conservation is the only way to save water in the future to solve the problem of water scarcity.
  • Three-fourths of the Earth  is surrounded by water, whereas very few percent of water is available for human use Since 97% of the entire water in the ocean is salt water, which is not suitable for human use.
  • Only 3% of the entire water on the earth is worth use which is 70% in the form of ice layer and glacier and 1% drinking water Is available in the form of water.

Conclusion :

If gradually all of us will start saving water saving excess water will be possible. To save ourselves from the water wastage, we must be aware of the news of the people who are struggling daily for each drop of water for their living. To spread awareness, we should promote programs related to water conservation. We should encourage family members, children, friends, neighbors and co-workers to adopt this process to get positive results.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs PLASTIC POLLUTION 

Introduction :

Plastic pollution has become a major threat to our environment in today’s times and it is likely to make things worse in future.  Plastic pollution is damaging our environment rapidly. Waste plastic material is hard to dispose and contributes to major pollution on earth. This has become a cause of global concern. The increasing use of plastic bags, utensils and furniture, the amount of plastic waste has also gone up and so has the plastic pollution.

  • Plastic waste is entering the water bodies such as rivers, seas and even oceans and is polluting our water drastically. This water is then supplied at our places.
  • No matter how much we filter this water it can never get back to its pure form. The government of India has also banned the use of plastic bags in many states however the same has never been implemented properly.
  • Plastic bags cause health problems in human beings as well as animals. Waste food and vegetable and fruit peels are usually thrown away in plastic bags.
  • Animals often gulp pieces of plastic while having food. This causes various diseases in them. The government has put a ban on the use of plastic bags in many states of India but people continue to use these as these are still available in the market.
  • Plastic Pollution is affecting the whole earth, including mankind, wildlife and aquatic life. It is spreading like a disease. We all must realize the harmful impact it has on our lives so as to avoid it as soon as possible.
  • Plastic pollutes our water. Each year, tonnes of plastic are dumped into the ocean. As plastic does not dissolve, it remains in the water thereby hampering its purity. This means we won’t be left with clean water in the coming years.
  • We must take major steps to prevent it. We must use alternatives like cloth bags and paper bags instead of using plastic bags. If we are purchasing plastic, we must reuse it.

Conclusion :

We must avoid drinking bottled water which contributes largely to plastic pollution these days. The government must also take strict measures to ensure these are not used. It is of utmost importance to spread awareness about the harmful effects of plastic waste on our environment.  This can be done by way of television and radio and social media. This should help people understand the seriousness of the issue.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Global Warming 

Introduction :

Global warming refers to the rise in surface temperature of the earth due to the green-house effect created by green-house gases. Global warming is a big environmental and social issue all over the world. It is believed that increasing level of carbon dioxide gas and other greenhouse gases on the earth are the main reasons of heating the atmosphere of earth. If it is not noticed and solved immediately it would cause end of life on the earth. Global warming is the main and only reason of rising sea level, flooding, changes in weather patterns, storms, cyclone, lack of food etc.

  • It has been researched that increasing emissions of CO2 in the atmosphere is the cause of the nonstop burning of fossil fuels, usage of fertilizers, cutting forests, extra use of electricity, gases used in refrigerator etc.
  • Ozone layer causes protection to the earth surface by inhibiting the harmful sun rays to coming to the earth. Gradually declining ozone layer is the big indication of increasing global warming of the earth surface.
  • The concentrations of greenhouse gases are not larger than oxygen and nitrogen, because neither has more than two atoms per molecule, and so they lack the internal vibrational modes that molecules with more than two atoms possess.
  • Flooding of fresh water marshlands, low-lying cities, and islands with marine water is one of the major effects of global warming.
  • The ultimate causes of such reasons are the technological advancement, population explosion, increasing demand of industrial expansion, deforestation, priority towards urbanization, etc.
  • Due to melting of the ice peaks, there is loss of habitat near the poles. Now the polar bears are considered to be greatly endangered by the shortening of their feeding season because of declining ice packs. 
  • Global warming can be stopped when combined efforts are put in. For that, individuals and governments, both have to take steps towards achieving it. We must begin with the reduction of greenhouse gas.

Conclusion :

Furthermore, they need to monitor the consumption of gasoline. Switch to a hybrid car and reduce the release of carbon dioxide. Moreover, citizens can choose public transport or carpool together. Subsequently, recycling must also be encouraged. People must be aware of its meaning, cause, bad effects and other things about global warming to get it eradicated from worldwide. Just small changes in everyone’s life all over the world, we can be able to stop the huge negative changes in the atmosphere by lessening the effects of global warming and even stop it a day.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Delhi Pollution 

Introduction :

Pollution is one of the major issues causing concern not only in India but across the world. Delhi, the national capital of the country, is being tagged as one of the most heavily polluted capital cities in the world. It is the world’s worst city in terms of air pollution, with an unhealthy air quality index for the majority of the year. Thus, today, one of the biggest threats to the welfare of the people of Delhi.

  • There has been a huge rise in the vehicular population, in spite of the metro railways, aggravating traffic congestion and increasing air and noise pollution. 
  • There has also been a number of diesel vehicles plying on the roads, which are largely responsible for the air pollution.
  • Citizens need to start the public transport more and more to reduce the pollution level in the city. Govt. has ensured to increase the no. of buses and auto-rickshaws in the capital as well.
  • Stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana in northwest India has been cited as a major cause of air pollution in Delhi.
  • Particulate matter (PM) is basically a mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets like acids, chemicals, gas, water, metals, soil dust particles, etc. the measurement of which gives an idea of the pollution of a city.
  • There are mobile enforcement teams deployed at various locations for monitoring polluting vehicles.
  • Citizens need to avoid all kinds of contact near construction sites. These sites release gases which makes the air very harmful for eyes and for the respiratory system.
  • The above measures are known by many of us yet the level of national capital remains at 11th in the ranking of WHO for the most polluted cities.
  • The practicing of the above measures is the need for hour and to live happier days with our loved one is we all demand.

Conclusion :

I whole heartedly appeal to every citizen to take steps to make pollution free capital, a pollution free India. With a view to reducing vehicular pollution, there has been a ban imposed on the plying of more than 15 years old commercial or transport vehicles. Steps are taken to transform garbage into compost by developing new sanitary land-fill sites. It’s not that the Government is not taking steps to control pollution in Delhi, But we need proper and efficient implementation of plans and programmes and policies launched by the Government to make it successful.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Earthquake Safety 

Introduction :

Earthquake occurs due to disturbance in the tectonic plates that lie under the surface of Earth. The rapid release of energy creates seismic waves that travel through the earth. Earthquakes are mostly brief but can cause mass destruction within seconds. Earthquake under a sea surface can also trigger a Tsunami which causes large scale destruction along the shoreline. Earthquakes can’t be avoided though, they can be forecasted and a warning could be issued.

  • Earthquakes are caused mostly by natural reasons however sometimes these can even be man-made. Nuclear bombing, building of dams and mining are few such human activities that can cause earthquake.
  • Volcanic eruptions are a common cause of earthquake. Areas that are faced with frequent volcanic activities are more prone to earthquakes.
  • The severity of the Earthquake depends upon the magnitude and distance from the epicenter. Also, the local geographical conditions play a role in determining the severity.
  • Ground rupture refers to the visible breaking of the Earth’s surface. Another significant effect of Earthquake is landslides. Landslides occur due to slope instability.
  • This slope instability happens because of Earthquake. Earthquakes can cause soil liquefaction. This happens when water-saturated granular material loses its strength.
  • Therefore, it transforms from solid to a liquid. Consequently, rigid structures sink into the liquefied deposits. Earthquakes can result in fires.
  • This happens because Earthquake damages the electric power and gas lines. Above all, it becomes extremely difficult to stop a fire once it begins.
  • There are a number of ways by which we can protect us from earthquake. Common measures include getting under a sturdy desk or table, staying away from glass or anything that could fall at the time of earthquake.

Conclusion :

 If we are outdoors then should move to an open area away from building and streetlights and stay there until the shaking stops.  If we are trapped inside a building then we should not move around. We should cover our mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. We should shout only as a last resort as it can cause to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. We should heed warnings and instructions from official organizations and let our family and friends know that all is well.

Cyclone Warning And Safety Precautions Vs Noise Pollution 

Introduction :

Noise pollution is a form of pollution which has become a threat for the society nowadays. Noise pollution is when the level of noise increases more than the normal level. The world health organization says that any sound less than 70 decibel is not hazardous to the living organisms. The excessive amount of noise out in the environment makes it unsafe to live in. The unpleasant sounds and noise can cause an imbalance in nature.

  • As the world is turning to technology for their comfort, at the same time, harming us. The industries no matter how big or small contribution to noise pollution. 
  • Similarly, the increasing use of automobiles is a major cause of noise pollution. Not only automobiles but other transport vehicles like airplanes, buses, bikes, trucks and more also are a part of it.
  • Social events like marriages, parties, and religious functions in places like clubs, pubs, temples, halls etc. create a lot of nuisance in the residential areas.
  • In addition, the construction activities like mining, the building of flyovers, bridges and more also produce great noise. Noise pollution causes a number of hearing problems.
  • High levels of noise damage the Eardrums and sometimes even cause loss of hearing. Noise pollution primarily affects a person’s hearing, leading to hearing impairment to even permanent loss of hearing.
  • It causes an increase in blood pressure, hypertension, fatigue, and cardiovascular diseases. Noise pollution also disturbs a person’s state of mind causing disturbed sleep patterns, stress, aggressive behavior, decreased concentration, and poor quality of life.
  • Noise disturbance is extremely dangerous to elderly people and pregnant women. Not only humans but noise pollution also impacts wildlife too.
  • Pets become aggressive or afraid when they hear a loud noise. Noise pollution can impact their listening skills and cause changes in their behavior, starting with a pet at home.

Conclusion :

It leads to changes in their hearing due to which their communication also becomes affected. They are unable to hear properly during migration as they require sound to find their way. Noise pollution also affects crop production. We must make people aware of the impact of noise pollution and also encourage them to adopt ways that do not contribute to noise pollution. If everyone starts doing the same on an individual level, we will surely be able to reduce noise pollution.

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Essays

Essay on Usage of Artificial Intelligence In today’s life

Essay on Usage of Artificial Intelligence In today’s life

Introduction :

Artificial Intelligence refers to the intelligence of machines that is totally different from the natural intelligence of humans and animals. With the advancement in technology now with Artificial Intelligence, machines perform different types of functions such as learning, planning, reasoning, decision making and problem-solving. In short we can say that the ability of a computer or a machine to operate and process information just like a human being is called Artificial Intelligence. It can learn, analyze and adapt to new information.

  • Today we are living in the era of machines. We depend on different types of machines for our daily activities. For example we use AC, microwaves, cameras, computer, traffic lights, fridge etc. that work on Artificial Intelligence.
  • AI is making humans lazy as it usually automate the most of our task. Humans tend to get addicted to these machines which can cause a problem to future generations too.
  • Most of the companies are looking to replace the minimum qualified individuals with AI robots which can do similar task with more efficiency.
  • There is no doubt that machines are much better and  work efficiently but they cannot replace the human connection that makes a team.
  • Machines cannot develop a bond with humans which is an essential attribute for team management.
  • Machines can perform only those tasks which they are designed to do, anything out of that they tend to give irrelevant outputs which could be a major drawback.
  • In the hands of the wrong person, autonomous weapons that are designed to kill could easily cause mass destruction.
  • AI will be extremely good at accomplishing its goals, and if those goals aren’t designed according to our benefits then its a big problem as there is no emotion in AI based machines.

Conclusion :

AI’s ability to monitor the global information systems from surveillance data, cameras, and network communication has great potential for good and for bad based on its usage. Every new invention has some positive and negative aspects but we should use the positive sides of the invention to create a better world. Artificial intelligence can destroy human civilization if it goes into the wrong hands. But still, none of the AI applications made that can destroy humanity from the earth.

Artificial Intelligence A Threat To Mankind Essay for Students

Introduction :

Artificial Intelligence (AI) indicates the intelligence of machines that is totally different from the natural intelligence of humans and animals. With the advancement in technology now with Artificial Intelligence, machines perform different types of functions such as learning, planning, reasoning, decision making and problem-solving. In short we can say that the ability of a computer or a machine to operate and process information just like a human being is called Artificial Intelligence.

  • It can learn, analyze and adapt to new information. We should also aware of threats that may be caused by Artificial Intelligence. 
  • Today we are living in the era of machines. We depend on different types of machines for our daily activities. For example we use AC, microwaves, cameras, computer, traffic lights, fridge etc. that work on Artificial Intelligence.
  • As we are highly depends on AI based machines it may be disastrous for us. AI is making humans lazy as it usually automate the most of our task.
  • Humans tend to get addicted to these machines which can cause a problem to future generations too. Most of the companies are looking to replace the minimum qualified individuals with AI robots which can do similar task with more efficiency.
  • There is no doubt that machines are much better and  work efficiently but they cannot replace the human connection that makes a team.
  • Machines cannot develop a bond with humans which is an essential attribute for team management. Machines can perform only those tasks which they are designed to do, anything out of that they tend to give irrelevant outputs which could be a major drawback.
  • In the hands of the wrong person, autonomous weapons that are designed to kill could easily cause mass destruction. Artificial intelligence will change the way conflicts are fought from autonomous drones, robotic swarms and nanorobot attacks.
  • Moreover, an AI arms race may lead to an AI war that also results in mass casualties. In addition to being concerned with a nuclear arms race, we’ll need to monitor the global autonomous weapons race too.
  • AI will be extremely good at accomplishing its goals, and if those goals aren’t designed according to our benefits then its a big problem as there is no emotion in AI based machines.
  • AI’s face recognition capabilities give us conveniences such as being able to unlock phones and gain access to our house without keys.

Conclusion :

AI’s ability to monitor the global information systems from surveillance data, cameras, and network communication has great potential for good and for bad based on our usage. Every new invention has some positive and negative aspects but we should use the positive sides of the invention to create a better world. Some people also say that Artificial intelligence can destroy human civilization if it goes into the wrong hands. But still, none of the AI applications made that can destroy humanity from the earth.

Artificial Intelligence Vs Cyber Security Challenges in India

Introduction :

Cyber security is nothing but protecting data, networks and other information from unauthorized access, partially or fully destruction or change. Cyber security can play a very important role in our day to day life because we all have online presence. “It takes 20 years to build a reputation and few minutes of cyber incident to ruin it.” This statement presents a true picture about the same as we all are exposed to security threats and cyber attacks. In today’s world, many companies are developing different types of software to protect data.

  • Cyber security is crucial in present time as it not only helps to secure information but also our system from virus attacks. It is also important because we have a huge user base i.e. after the United States and China, India has the highest number of internet users.
  • Cyber threats can be of two types 1) Cybercrime, it is usually against individuals or corporates and 2) Cyberwarfare, it is against a state or a country.
  • By using computer, internet, cellphone, other technical devices to commit a crime by any individual or a group is called cyber crime. Hackers use various software and codes to commit cyber crime.
  • Hacking has become one of the major issues in India. Hacking denotes an activity of identifying weaknesses in a computer or a network to exploit the security for accessing personal or private information.
  • Hackers often use a malware that usually appears in the form of codes and other software like worms, and adware.
  • It may gather sensitive information or gain access to private computer. As the cyber threats have great potential it can be said that the future battles will not be fought on land or air but by using cyber attacks.
  • For protecting us from the cyber attacks we can ensure our safety by using antivirus software and can also change our passwords time to time.
  • Many password management tools are available now that can be used to keep track of all the passwords. Keeping our software up to date is also a way to protect us against cyber attacks.
  • Cyber security is one of the biggest challenge due to today’s high internet penetration in our daily life. For enhancing the security of the communication and information technology, there is a need to develop a computer emergency response team.

Conclusion :

Such team will help in collecting and analyzing the information on cyber incidents that will be used in forecasting and alerting the cyber security incidents. There should have sound cyber security strategies also for protecting the government organizations, the general public and the businesses. The government and other security agencies should spread awareness among the people regarding cyber security. People should also use proper antivirus software to protect their system from virus and malware attacks.

Essay on Cyber security Vs Cyber Crime

Introduction :

In technically driven society, people use various devices to make life simple. Globalization results in connecting people all around the world. The increasing access to and continuous use of technology has radically impacted the way in which people communicate and conduct their daily lives. Cyber-crime is a crime in which computer is used as an object of crime to commit an offence. It may range from hate speeches, child pornography, accessing personal information, bank frauds, credit and debit card information thefts to spreading different kinds of viruses and worms throughout the world.

  • In cyber-crime a computer is used as a weapon of crime by an individual, an organized group or even a country. The most common types of cyber-crimes are hacking, spanning and infecting computers with virus and worms.
  • Hackers access a person’s personal information over the internet such as his credit card and bank account numbers. A person may lose his whole bank balance in a second and may fall into heavy debt instantly.
  • Cyber Crime are categorized into four major types. These are Financial, Privacy, Hacking, and Cyber Terrorism. The financial crime they steal the money of user or account holders.
  • Likewise, they also stole data of companies which can lead to financial crimes. Also, transactions are heavily risked because of them. Every year hackers stole lakhs and crores of rupees of businessmen and government.
  • Privacy crime includes stealing your private data which you do not want to share with the world. Moreover, due to it, the people suffer a lot and some even commit suicide because of their data’s misuse.
  • In, hacking they intentional deface a website to cause damage or loss to the public or owner. Apart from that, they destroy or make changes in the existing websites to diminish its value.
  • Another type of cyber-crimes is theft. Artistic works like books, music and movies are downloaded and circulated thereby infringing upon a person’s copyright materials.

Conclusion :

Cyber bullying has become a common practice causing serious repercussions, insanity and even deaths. Another typed of serious crime is defamation. It takes a whole life to earn respect but a dirty mind and an internet connection to wipe it away in a second. In this great world, virtues and vices march hand in hand. With every boon comes a bane. the numerous advantages of every inventions shouldn’t be marred by its abuses and misuses. Why not be a little vigilant both in the world and web?

Social Media – Security issue In India

Introduction :

Social media is a very important and popular tool as it provides us many useful and user-friendly features. Social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram are giving people a chance to connect with each other at any time and anywhere in the world. The youngsters are one of the most dominant users of social media in these days. People have embraced social media so deeply that it has become an integral part of their lives now.

  • These platforms are being used not only by individuals but also by business houses, organizations and even by the governments for constant engagement with the masses.
  • If we look at the positive aspect of social media, we find a lot of advantages.  The most important one is being a great tool for learning and educating.
  • Students can enhance their learning on various topics using social media platforms like YouTube and Facebook. Now, we can attend live lectures just because of social media platforms.
  • We can improve our social skills by sharing our knowledge and ideas with millions of people even if they are thousands of miles away from us.
  • Social media marketing has become one of the most significant tools that businesses and corporations are using these days.
  • These social media platforms help in attracting new customers and give them the information about the products which makes their brand more popular. It also enables a business to get new information about their customers.
  • In spite of having many advantages, social media can also become the most dangerous tool for the society if used for destructive purposes. 
  • It is harmful as it invades our privacy. The sharing of personal information on social media can make children a target for hackers. It also leads to cyberbullying which can affect their life to a great extent.
  • Hence, the sharing on social media especially by children must be monitored carefully by the parents. The next problem is the addiction of social media which is very common among the youth.

Conclusion :

The addiction of social media can destroy the academic life of students as they waste their most of time on social media instead of studying and learning. Anxiety and depression is also a common disadvantage of social media. Social media is neither a boon nor a bane by itself, it is totally depends on how we use it. We must maintain a balance between our productive and unproductive activities. Excess use of anything is harmful and the same thing applies to social media too.

Mobile Addiction as Security Issues in India

Introduction : 

Mobile Addiction has become a growing concern in our society now-a-days. Mobile phone addiction is quite easy but it is difficult to recover from it. Many people around the world are addicted to mobile phones. It gives us the freedom to quickly connect with anyone around the world. It also enable us to find all sort of information that we need and is a great source of entertainment. While mobile phones invention was done for empowering us, but it has now started dominating us.

  • In a research it is found that on average Indian consumes 1800 hours a year on his phone. That is approximately around 1/3rd  of his waking hours.
  • The impact of obsession with smartphones, internet, and television is that merely 30 percent of people meet their family and friends multiple times a month.
  • Smart phones enable us to engage in gaming, studying and online shopping. It also allow us to watch movies, click pictures, listen to music, surf the internet and enjoy various other activities.
  • Due to high utility it results can be very harmful for us. Mobile addiction can become the main cause of many serious problems, such as headaches, weakening of eyesight, sleepiness, depression, social isolation, stress, aggressive behavior, financial problems and less professional development.
  • They simply scroll through the app to check the information that are online and engage in such other useless activities on their mobile phones.
  • They are so addicted to their mobile phones that they do not hesitate to check them while driving and even during an important meeting.
  • Another sign of mobile addiction is loss of time. A person who is accustomed to mobile phones loses a complete understanding of time. He is often late to work and delays important tasks.
  • Most parents these days are so busy in their work that they don’t have the time to tell about it to their kids. Getting rid of this habit can be difficult but not impossible.

Conclusion :

We can set a schedule for common mobile activities such as social media, texting, gaming or watching videos. We can also engage in other recreational activities like Painting, dancing, playing indoor or outdoor games. With some efforts we can overcome this problem over time. Parents also need to avoid giving phones to their teenage children. As it’s time for them to focus on their studies and find out their interest in other useful activities.

Honour Killing as Security Issues in India

Introduction :

Honour killing is the killing of a family member on the belief that the victim has brought shame to the family, or has violated the rules set by the community. Generally women become the victim of honour killings, where the male family members kill them due to shame. In some cases, both men and women can become victims of honour killings. It is a type of violence practiced within the family. Many countries have put strict laws against this practice.

  • It is normally done to protect the family’s honour. In male-dominated societies, the activities of women and girls are closely monitored.
  • Victims that are subjected to honour killing are believed to have been involved in actions that are considered ‘sexually immoral’.
  • A woman is targeted to kill for various reasons such as having sexual relationship before marriage or outside marriage, seeking divorce or separation from her husband.
  • In few cases, a man and woman decide to run away from their family because they are in love with each other. Still, their families do not support their marriage as it is inter-caste or inter-religion.
  • In the states of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh of India, the maximum number of honour killings take place. People living in different cultures of honour consider the family to be the central institution of their society.
  • Family honour is a vague concept that is taken seriously to such an extent by some communities that killing another human in the name of ‘honour’ is considered as a matter of pride for them.
  • These cases remain legally unreported to the police due to the direct or indirect support from the villagers. In India, women are a victim of 97% of honour killing acts. In some countries, the judicial system fail to take actions to the laws against the killing committees.
  • The government of India should have strict laws against the people who not only commit the heinous crime but also support it by hiding it and removing the evidences or reporting it as suicide.

Conclusion :

Due to lack of proper laws against these crimes, it is protecting the honour of a family or society results in the crimes being reported under myriad crime which makes it difficult to track. In some part of the world it is considered a grave offence and necessary steps are taken to criminalize it. This grave offence needs immediate attention and should be monitored as people are still losing their lives in the name of honour.

Fake News as a security Issue in India

Introduction :

Fake news is a kind of yellow journalism which comprises intentional misinformation distributed through broadcasting news media, or via Internet-based social media. Fake news is intentionally written in order to gain financial or political exaggerated, or false headlines for capturing the attention of the people. Everyone with an internet connection and a social media presence is now a content generator.

  • Free internet service has provided access to everyone to post whatever they want and hence created a trend of fake news spreading like wildfire. Everyone is in a hurry to like, share & comment instead of checking the authenticity of the news.
  • It affects the spirit of common brotherhood and increases intolerance in the country. Fake news results in harassment and threatening of innocent people and damages their reputations.
  • It can also result in deaths. For example, the rumours about child-lifters and cattle thieves led to mob attacks and deaths across India. Fake news could lead to mass protests, riots, and a breakdown in law and order.
  • The special reserve forces or the army would have to be brought in to control the situation. Fake news can start wars. It is unreasonable to put the blame on the social media platforms for the fake news menace.
  • Because the platforms such as Facebook, WhatsApp etc. are not generating content, but by the users themselves & cannot hold them responsible.
  • Fake news creators are now using modern technology like Artificial Intelligence to create other forms of fake news. The result is called “Deep Fakes” and it employs audio and video formats, which appear more realistic and convincing.

Conclusion :

The Govt needs to address the consumer end as well and adopt a collaborative way to tackle the menace of fake news. Security requirements should also consider the rights of millions of genuine users. An effective approach to deal with the fake news is to improve digital literacy i.e., the ability to identify real news from fake news. Government, media, and technology should work together to improve the overall digital literacy in India. The state police machinery should be strengthened to catch anyone responsible for spreading fake messages.

Internal Security Issues in India

Introduction :

Internal security is the security that lies within the borders of a country. It ensures the maintenance of peace, law & order and protection of sovereignty within territory of a country. Internal security is different from external security. External security is considered as the security against aggression by a foreign country. Maintaining the external security is the responsibility of the armed forces of the country such as the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force in India.

  • While internal security comes under the purview of the police, which can also be supported by the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) as per the requirement.
  • In India, the internal security matters are governed by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). If we look at the past, India’s internal security problems have multiplied because of linguistic riots, inter-state disputes and ethnic tensions.
  • Our country was forced to redefine its inter state boundaries due to linguistic riots in 1956. After that, the rise of Naxalism was also seen as a threat to internal security in India.
  • At the time of independence, our country was under-developed. The country adopted the equitable and inclusive growth model for growth and development.
  • This situation was exploited by various people or groups to pose a very dangerous challenge to the country’s internal security in the form of Naxalism and Left-Wing Extremism.
  • Cyber security is the latest challenge that our country is facing these days. We could be the target of a cyberwar which can harm our security at any time.
  • The growth in the use of internet has also shown that social media could play a vital role in spreading fake news and violence and thus can become a threat to our internal security. 
  • Border management is also important in reducing the threats to our internal security. A weak border management can result in infiltration of terrorists, illegal immigrants and smuggling of items like arms, drugs and counterfeit currency.

Conclusion : 

In the Global Terrorism Index 2020, India has been ranked at 8th place in the list of countries most affected by terrorism. India continues to deal with terrorist activity on different fronts like terrorism related to territorial disputes in J&K and secessionist movement in Assam. India needs to implement all of its national powers in a coordinated manner to address its security issues and this will happen only when we give national level importance to internal security in India.

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EssaysIB ACIO

Essay on Importance Of Life Insurance During Covid-19

Essay on Importance Of Life Insurance During Covid-19

Introduction :

Life insurance has become a very important financial tool for protecting our family in our absence. Covid-19 pandemic has spread like a wild-fire across the globe. The economic and social disruption caused by this pandemic is devastating. Millions of people are at risk of falling into extreme poverty, while the number of undernourished people are continue to grow rapidly. The future is very uncertain and anyone can be ill by this virus. During such unforeseen situations, one must look at the insurance policies and insurance cover which these policies offering.

  • The cost of the treatment is so expensive in these days for most of the patients. An average person who is hospitalized in any hospital in India for 10 to 15 days can end up paying up to Rs 2 to 3 lakh.
  • Therefore life insurance is extremely crucial at this time. A life insurance can protect our family against financial instability so that they can carry on their lives with dignity and comfort.
  • It acts as an assurance from unexpected events such as terminal illness or untimely demise. Insurance can be used to settle loans and credit dues etc. We also get tax benefits up to 1.5 lakh
  • per annum under section 80C of the Income Tax Act 1961. If we look at the insurance statistics in India released by Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) in 2017, we can find that only 328 million Indian that is only 25% of Indian population had life insurance in India.
  • The rest of the Indians who are not insured, are vulnerable to pay the expensive hospital bills when they get hospitalized and this is not good for the livelihood of any person.
  • Insurance has a number of benefits such as (1) Many insurance policies allow cashless hospitalization in which the insured person does not have to pay any money.
  • (2) The insurance company will take the responsibility of cash and all other expenses. (3) Under insurance policy, pre and post emergency expenses are covered such as doctors fees before and after a surgery or hospitalization.
  • Proactive steps should be taken by the government to educate the people about the need of having a life insurance. It is better to have a life insurance policy than spending the hard earned money during an  emergency.

Conclusion :

Government has started many initiatives such as PM Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojna (PMJJBY), PM Jan Dhan Yojna (PMJDY) and Ayushman Bharat to encourage the masses towards insurance sector. Thought the government has done a lot in this regard but the rural areas are still facing insufficient penetration of insurance services. Hence, the government and other organizations should try to increase awareness and financial literacy so that everyone in our country can be insured and live a healthy and wealthy lifestyle.

Covid-19 Second Wave Impacts & Solution Essay

Introduction :

“Those who don’t learn from history are doomed to repeat it,” is a great statement of George Santayana, one of the great thinkers of the twentieth century. Covid-19 has proved this statement. Today, millions of people are suffering from the causes given by Covid-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdown. Many people are suffering from stress and depression due to failure of business and economic recession. The second Covid-19 wave has hit India with great ferocity. Family members, friends and colleagues are infected, hospitals are flooded with patients.

  • There is shortage of beds and ventilators for Covid 19 in most of the hospitals. There are again curfews and lockdown in the cities. In India, the number of Covid-19 infections touched its peak in September 2020.
  • Again a sudden spike in the cases has seen from April, 2021. In the second wave, the virus is spreading with the double pace as compared to the first wave.
  • Covid-19 has exposed the vulnerabilities of healthcare system and the second wave has hit it hard and thus making the situation even worse.
  • In many states there are shortage of hospital beds, oxygen supply, medicines supply and even there is no space for morgues and crematorium.
  • It clearly demonstrate the shortage of healthcare infrastructure in terms of doctors, medical equipment, healthcare workers and even hospitals.
  • The vulnerable section of the society i.e. the unorganized sector mostly who are daily wage workers, have become the victim of the second wave again.
  • India is suffering from the neat recession in these days, however in the initial months of this year, there was seen minor positive growth in the economy.
  • In the initial phrase of outbreak, most of the schools and educational institutions were closed and students are regularly facing new challenges with digital learning in India.
  • Hoarding  of oxygen cylinders, poor implement-tation of new educational policy, insufficient health infrastructure and increasing rate of unemployment are the major challenges in India.
  • Strict laws should be made against hoarding and restricting any kind of health related equipment and medications. There should be more focus on preventive measures like social distancing, wearing of mask properly and obeying lockdown.

Conclusion :

The government has announced various measures to tackle the situation from food security to extra funds for healthcare. Mass vaccination is the only safe and reliable method to end the pandemic. As majority of healthcare and frontier workers in India have already vaccinated and now registrations are opened for rest of the public. The participation of public is the key to control the second wave and everyone should follow the guidelines provided by the government to cut the chain of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Essay on Covid 19 vaccine in english

Introduction :

The Government of India has approved the Covid-19 vaccines developed by Astra-Zeneca and Bharat Biotech named Covishield and Covaxin respectively. Seeing this our PM Modi has launched the COVID-19 vaccination drive on 16th January, 2021 which can save millions of lives every year. This is the world’s largest vaccination program covering the entire country. During the launch of this drive a total of 3006 sites in all States and UTs have been virtually connected.

  • Although India don’t need to vaccinate its entire population, it just have to vaccinate at least 30 to 40% of the people.
  • It is estimated that a minimum of 1 billion doses of Covid-19 vaccines will be required for full immunization.
  • The vaccine has introduced in phrased manner. In first phrase, the vaccine is provided to healthcare workers like doctors, nurses and other medical staff both in government and private sectors.
  • Because they treat and are in close contact with those who are infected with Covid-19. Then it will be provided to police, armed forces, municipal workers and other departmental staffs.
  • In third phase, people above 50 years of age and those patient who have diabetes, hypertension and organ transplant will get the vaccine. After that, the vaccine will be given to healthy adults, teenagers and children.

Conclusion :

The central government is incurring the cost for vaccinating the core healthcare and frontier workers. For further vaccination process, the government has also developed an application named CoWIN, which will help provide real time information of vaccine stocks, storage and individualized tracking of beneficiaries for COVID-19 vaccine. The Vaccination for Covid-19 is voluntary in India. It is a safe and effective way of protecting people against this disease. Vaccines reduce risks of getting diseases by working with our body’s immune system.

 

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COVID- 19 : Changing Social Norms in India :

Introduction :

The world is facing the biggest crisis in the form of coronavirus pandemic. Almost every country has been affected by the COVID-19. Over 115 million people had been affected by COVID-19 and about 2.54 million people had died worldwide.  And indirectly billions of people have been suffering from the impact of this pandemic. As vaccines are being available now but still, the emphasis is on taking extensive precautions such as regularly washing of hands, social distancing and wearing of masks.

  • India has successfully controlled the transmission of COVID-19 by its well coordinated efforts.
  • India’s progress in pharmaceuticals and mass public awareness with the help of digital systems indeed helped in controlling the spread of this disease.
  • There are still many ways by which the COVID-19 can affect our economy, of which the disruption of supply chains is the major challenge.
  • Job loss is on the rise along with the slowdown in manufacturing and services activities in India.  
  • Millions of agricultural workers, regularly facing high levels of uncertainty, poverty, malnutrition and poor health, and suffer from a lack of safety and labour protection.
  • With low and irregular incomes and lack of social support, many of them are forced to continue working, often in unsafe conditions.
  • Further, when experiencing income losses, they may resort to negative coping strategies, such as distress sale of assets, taking loans or child labour. The lockdown has also impacted migrant workers in many ways.
  • Several of whom lost their jobs due to shutting of industries and were outside their native places wanting to get back.
  • Since then, the government has announced relief measures for them, and made arrangements like running special trains and buses to help them to return to their native places.
  • At the same time, many countries undertake new reforms to strengthen the digital economy and e-commerce not only to manage the Covid-19 pandemic but also to facilitate trade & commence.

Conclusion :

COVID-19 crisis also opens the doors of opportunities in India as we witness better healthcare both in management and facilities. New social norms have been introduced like social distancing, wearing masks, maintaining hygiene for protecting us against the Covid-19. People who are ill with Covid-19 need doses of new vaccine, which save their lives and speed up recovery. Healthcare professional should be appreciated as instead of a lot of difficulties they do their best to maintain the quality of healthcare services.

 

(more…)

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Essays

Essay on Effects Of Money Laundering on Society

Essay on Effects Of Money Laundering on Society

Introduction :

Money laundering is the process of concealing the source of money obtained by illegal means such as embezzlement, insider trading, bribery, drug trafficking or terrorist activity. The process of converting ‘illegal or unclean money’ into ‘legal or clean money’ is referred to as money laundering. Most financial companies have anti-money laundering (AML) policies in place to detect and prevent these activity. Money laundering is a very important step in the success of drug trafficking and terrorist activities.

  • Most people who financially support terrorist organi­zations do not provide the funds directly to terrorist groups. They send the money in roundabout ways by maintaining anonymity.
  • Dealing in large amounts of illegal cash is generally inefficient so criminals need a way to deposit the money in financial institutions so that it can be shown legal.
  • The process of money laundering usually involves three steps 1) placement 2) layering, and 3) integration. In the first step “dirty money“ is put into the legitimate financial system.
  • Layering conceals the source of the money through a series of transactions. In the final step, integration, laundered money is withdrawn from the legitimate account.
  • The rise of online banking institutions, online payment services and transfers with mobile phones have made detecting the illegal money transfer even more difficult. 
  • Money can also be laundered through online auctions and sales, gambling websites, and virtual gaming sites, where money can be converted into gaming currency, then back into real, usable “clean” money.
  • The newest form of money laundering  involves cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin. Cryptocurrencies are being used in drug trade, blackmailing and other criminal activities which impacts the society negatively.

Conclusion :

Money laundering damages financial institutions that are critical for economic growth, promoting crime and corruption that slow economic growth, reducing efficiency in the economy. Prevention of Money-Laundering Act forms the core of the legal framework to combat Money Laundering activities in India. Both international and domestic government need to come together to eliminate the problem of money laundering from our country.

Essay on Money Laundering in english

Introduction :

Money laundering is the process of concealing the source of money obtained by illegal means such as embezzlement, insider trading, bribery, drug trafficking or terrorist activity. The process of converting ‘illegal or unclean money’ into ‘legal or clean money’ is referred to as money laundering. Money laundering is a grave financial crime that is usually employed by white collar and street level criminals. Most financial companies have anti-money laundering (AML) policies in place to detect and prevent these activity.

  • Money laundering is a very important step in the success of drug trafficking and terrorist activities. Most people who financially support terrorist organi­zations do not provide the funds directly to terrorist groups.
  • They send the money in roundabout ways that allow them to fund terrorism by maintaining anonymity. Dealing in large amounts of illegal cash is generally inefficient and dangerous so criminals need a way to deposit the money in legitimate financial institutions so that it can be shown legal or clean.
  • The process of money laundering usually involves three steps 1) placement 2) layering, and 3) integration. In the first step “dirty money“ is put into the legitimate financial system.
  • Layering conceals the source of the money through a series of transactions. In the final step, integration, laundered money is withdrawn from the legitimate account.
  • The rise of online banking institutions, online payment services and transfers with mobile phones have made detecting the illegal money transfer even more difficult. 
  • Money can also be laundered through online auctions and sales, gambling websites, and virtual gaming sites, where money can be converted into gaming currency, then back into real, usable, and untraceable “clean” money.
  • The newest form of money laundering involves cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin. Cryptocurrencies are being used in drug trade, blackmailing schemes and other criminal activities due to their relative anonymity as compared to other conventional form of money.
  • Governments all over the world have stepped up their efforts to combat money laundering, with regulations that require financial institutions to put systems that detect and report suspicious activities. 
  • According to the United Nations (UN) on Drugs and Crime, global money laundering transactions account for around 800 billion dollars to 2 trillion dollars annually.
  • Money laundering damages financial institutions that are important for economic growth, promoting crime and corruption that slow economic growth and thus reducing efficiency in the economy. 

Conclusion :

It creates unpredictable changes in demand of the money, as well as causing large fluctuations in international capital flows & exchange rates. Prevention of Money-Laundering Act (PMLA), 2002 forms the core of the legal framework to combat Money Laundering activities in India. Both international and domestic organizations need to come together by strengthening data sharing mechanisms to eliminate the problem of money laundering from our country.

Money Laundering Vs Virtual Currencies in India

Introduction :

Bitcoin is a digital currency that is widely known for its creator’s anonymity. It is a kind of virtual currency which was launched as an open source software in 2009. Its creator whose identity to this day remains unknown, goes by the name Satoshi Nakamoto. Since its inception, virtual currency, has grown in both its popularity and its use. It is the first decentralized digital currency, as the system works without a central bank or single administrator. Bitcoin is often referred to as a “virtual currency” or “cryptocurrency.”

  • All transfers of bitcoin are verified and recorded on a public ledger known as the block chain. It is an electronic or digital currency that works on a peer-to-peer basis.
  • Like currency notes, it can be sent from one person to another. The beauty of this cryptocurrency is that if you receive a bitcoin from another, you can be as sure of the payment as you would on receiving physical currency notes, with the same anonymity ascribed to it.
  • This anonymity is lacking in other forms of digital payment such as online banking or e-wallets. You can send bitcoins digitally to anyone who has a bitcoin address anywhere in the globe.
  • One person could have multiple addresses for different purposes. Receivers can get to spend them within minutes of receiving the coins.
  • It is to be noted that cryptocurrency transactions are settled immediately without any third-party approvals.

Conclusion :

With recognition at universal level, cryptocurrencies can be accessed by everyone. As India moves to digitize much of its financial services and parts of its consumer market, cryptocurrencies offer a new, dynamic addition to the Digital India project.

Money Laundering Vs Cashless Economy – Making Indian economy Digital

Introduction :

A cashless economy means the liquidity in the system is exchanged between two parties through either plastic currency or through digital currency i.e online payments. With the advent of blockchain technology, bitcoins have given a whole new meaning for a cashless economy. The concept of bitcoin talks about a decentralized system of finance, but that is not the point of discussing in this particular essay on cashless India.

  • Hence, let us come back to the crux of this essay on cashless India, which are the pros and cons of the digital payment system.
  • Cashless Economy promotes electronic payment methods which improves transparency and accountability.
  • Tax collection increases as all the transaction takes place through bank accounts. It can also mitigate corruption and black money as all transactions can be traced easily.
  • It also saves time and prevents theft and burglary of cash and endorses paperless environment friendly as it will save a huge amount of money spent on printing and maintenance of currency.
  • With so much technological revolutions happening around, it will be impossible to find someone without a smartphone in this 21st century.
  • Almost every Indian has a smartphone. Hence the ease of transaction through fintech platforms such as Paytm, google pay or phonepe are easier than ever before.
  • The hassles of carrying hard cash( with possible viruses on it) is eliminated. The government of India has produced platforms such as UPI (Unified Payments Interface) for hassle-free cashless transactions.
  • But it is seen that the small businesses still use cash as they cannot afford digital infrastructures. Hackers and Cyber Crimes are a huge threat to cashless economy.
  • There is lack of internet connectivity in rural areas in our nation which makes it difficult to commence the concept of the cashless economy in every region
  • India is lacking robust and widespread internet connection in all parts of the country which becomes a huge hurdle in practicing cashless economy.

Conclusion :

The cashless economy has its own sets of merits and demerits. The concept of cashless economy is very useful for eliminating black money from the nation. The lack of sufficient infrastructure and illiteracy is one of the major hindrances in the path of the cashless economy. It is important for the government to address the issues related to achieving a proper cashless economy by providing financial education to the people along with better internet services.

Money Laundering Vs Technological Development in India

Introduction :

India is emerging as a superpower in the world. Being a fast-developing nation, the country is making its way through the hurdles to gain a bright future in terms of science and technology. Indian society is quite eager to accept technology into their day-to-day life. The modern age is the age of science, technology, knowledge and information.

  • New inventions in the field of science and technology are emerging from Indian students and experts, making the country to gain limelight in the world.
  • Modern gadgets are introduced in every walk of life, making life easier and solving many problems. The growth of technology today is sure to experience a boom for the country in future in almost all the sectors such as education, infrastructure, electricity, aviation, medicine, information technology and other fields.
  • They are well equipped and staffed to secure the people of the nation. But there is no room for complacency in this field and we are yet a developing country.
  • In the field of agriculture, our scientific and technological researches have enabled us to be self-reliant and self-sufficient in food grains. In the field of defense also our achievements have been quite laudable.
  • The successful production of such missiles as Prithvi and Nag testify to the high capabilities and achievements of our scientists.
  • Science and technology are inter dependent, these are two completely distinct fields of study. Science contributes to technology in several ways.
  • It is the knowledge of science that gives way to new and innovative ideas to build different technological tools.
  • The research and experiments conducted in science laboratories lead to the designing of various technological techniques and devices.
  • Knowledge about science also helps in understanding the impact of technology on the environment and the society. Technology on the other hand extends the agenda of science.

Conclusion :

When the ideas are put to use, the scientists are inspired and motivated to research and experiment further to come up with newer ideas. We have been successful in producing night-vision devices required for our indigenous tanks. Obviously, technology has been used effectively as a tool and instrument of national development and yet much remains to be achieved in order to make its benefits reach the masses.

Money Laundering Vs Cyber Crimes in India

Introduction :

In technically driven society, people use various devices to make life simple. Globalization results in connecting people all around the world. The increasing access to and continuous use of technology has radically impacted the way in which people communicate and conduct their daily lives. Cyber-crime is a crime in which computer is used as an object of crime to commit an offence.

  • It may range from hate speeches, child pornography, accessing personal information, bank frauds, credit and debit card information thefts to spreading different kinds of viruses and worms throughout the world.
  • In cyber-crime a computer is used as a weapon of crime by an individual, an organized group or even a country. The most common types of cyber-crimes are hacking, spanning and infecting computers with virus and worms.
  • Hackers access a person’s personal information over the internet such as his credit card and bank account numbers. A person may lose his whole bank balance in a second and may fall into heavy debt instantly. Cyber Crime are categorized into four major types.
  • These are Financial, Privacy, Hacking, and Cyber Terrorism. The financial crime they steal the money of user or account holders. Likewise, they also stole data of companies which can lead to financial crimes.
  • Also, transactions are heavily risked because of them. Every year hackers stole lakhs and crores of rupees of businessmen and government.
  • Privacy crime includes stealing your private data which you do not want to share with the world. Moreover, due to it, the people suffer a lot and some even commit suicide because of their data’s misuse.
  • In, hacking they intentional deface a website to cause damage or loss to the public or owner. Apart from that, they destroy or make changes in the existing websites to diminish its value.
  • Another type of cyber-crimes is theft. Artistic works like books, music and movies are downloaded and circulated thereby infringing upon a person’s copyright materials.

Conclusion :

Cyber bullying has become a common practice causing serious repercussions, insanity and even deaths. Another typed of serious crime is defamation. It takes a whole life to earn respect but a dirty mind and an internet connection to wipe it away in a second. In this great world, virtues and vices march hand in hand. With every boon comes a bane. the numerous advantages of every inventions shouldn’t be marred by its abuses and misuses. Why not be a little vigilant both in the world and web?

Money Laundering Vs Digital India – Empowerment & Safety Issues

Introduction :

Digital India is a campaign launched by the Government of India to ensure that Government services are made available to citizens electronically by improved online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity in the field of technology. The digital economy refers to an economy that is based on digital technologies, including digital communication networks, computers, software, and other related information technologies.

  • The motto for the campaign is “Power to Empower” and it was launched on 1 July 2015 by PM Narendra Modi.

Information is easier to produce and harder to control in this dynamic era. Digital India consists of three core components they are-

  • Development of secure and stable digital infrastructure.
  • Delivering government services digitally.
  • Universal Digital Literacy.
  • The facilities which will be provided through this initiative are Digital Locker, e-education, e-health, e-sign and national scholarship portal. Digi Locker is an initiative under Digital India program.
  • Digital Locker facilities will be provided to citizens to store their important documents like PAN card, Passport, Mark sheet and Degree certificates.
  • The term digital economy also refers to the convergence of computing and communication technologies on the Internet and other networks.
  • This convergence enables all types of information (data, audio, video) to be stored, processed, and transmitted over networks to many destinations worldwide.
  • Digital India wants to enlighten all types of people in India digitally and to provide the citizens with the best public services.
  • The commercial broadband and IT Indian companies also supported it. It also helps bridge the gap in the employment of youth between developed and undeveloped areas.
  • The domestic e-government system is reliable as it prevails fiber optic road, public interest access, mobile connectivity everywhere, electronics revolution, e-government, job information, IT, post-harvest management program, and electronic devices.
  • Digital India initiative aims to enhance the process and delivery of different government services through e-Governance and payment gateways, UIDAI, EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) and mobile platforms.

Conclusion :

The main objective was to improve the country’s people’s access to technology. The government has worked to enhance accessibility to the internet and to make it much easier for regional and underserved parts of the country to connect. A plan to communicate countryside to high-speed Internet was one of the initiatives. Government intends to make all information easily available to the citizen through online hosting of data. Digital India campaign is a great initiative to integrate digital technology for better future. 

Money Laundering Vs Internal Security Challenges in India

Introduction :

Internal security is the security that lies within the borders of a country. It ensures the maintenance of peace, law & order and protection of sovereignty within territory of a country. Internal security is different from external security. External security is considered as the security against aggression by a foreign country. Maintaining the external security is the responsibility of the armed forces of the country such as the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force in India.

  • While internal security comes under the purview of the police, which can also be supported by the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) as per the requirement.
  • In India, the internal security matters are governed by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). If we look at the past, India’s internal security problems have multiplied because of linguistic riots, inter-state disputes and ethnic tensions.
  • Our country was forced to redefine its inter state boundaries due to linguistic riots in 1956. After that, the rise of Naxalism was also seen as a threat to internal security in India.
  • At the time of independence, our country was under-developed. The country adopted the equitable and inclusive growth model for growth and development.
  • This situation was exploited by various people or groups to pose a very dangerous challenge to the country’s internal security in the form of Naxalism and Left-Wing Extremism.
  • Cyber security is the latest challenge that our country is facing these days. We could be the target of a cyberwar which can harm our security at any time.
  • The growth in the use of internet has also shown that social media could play a vital role in spreading fake news and violence and thus can become a threat to our internal security. 
  • Border management is also important in reducing the threats to our internal security. A weak border management can result in infiltration of terrorists, illegal immigrants and smuggling of items like arms, drugs and counterfeit currency.

Conclusion :

In the Global Terrorism Index 2020, India has been ranked at 8th place in the list of countries most affected by terrorism. India continues to deal with terrorist activity on different fronts like terrorism related to territorial disputes in J&K and secessionist movement in Assam. India needs to implement all of its national powers in a coordinated manner to address its security issues and this will happen only when we give national level importance to internal security in India.

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EssaysIB ACIO

Essay on Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security

Essay on Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security

Introduction :

Internal security is one of the core focus areas in India. In this technology driven society, the security challenges become more compound and complex. A lot of threats ranging from domestic challenges to external scenarios impact internal security in India. From independence, India has tackled home grown insurgencies, external rebellions, militancy and terrorism. By using a mix of economic, political, military and kinetic approaches, it has been able to deal with these emerging issues threatening the integrity and sovereignty of the country with great success.

  • However, these challenges continue to evolve themselves in newer forms. In dealing with the new emerging internal security challenges which remain the most critical, agencies of the state including Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) and police machinery have to remain relevant and effective against the new evolving scenario.  
  • The rapidly changing internal dynamics of the country needs to be constantly monitored at all levels and aspects.
  • Our country has to overcome the challenges of unemployment, poverty, socio-economic divides, communal and sectarian violence, organised crime, drug-trafficking, labour, students’ unrest and political violence.
  • Internal security issues tend to grow out of the fissures of the society. The legitimate aspirations of our youth, along with global & local problems of environmental degradation and ill effects of climate change which shows the rising frequency of disasters are all critical in the evolving security scenario.
  • Our PM has on numerous occasions highlighted that the core strength of the nation lies in diversity of our varied cultures, beliefs and practices.
  • The most critical element is technology. It is altering the security landscape at present time.
  • Lightning changes and advancement in hardware, software, miniaturisation in robotics paired with networked communications have fully changed our daily life. These changes have fuelled competition between state and non-state actors.
  • A new dimension of risk to personal and national security is being seen in these days. The weaponization of social media, Disinforma-tion, attacks on critical infrastructure of the country all indicate towards a hybrid warfare scenario.

Conclusion :

War is no more an effective instrument to achieve the goals. Wars are more transparent and now with other means like covert operations, proxy-war, sabotage and subversion with a mix of technology has become much more difficult to handle. The enemy is invisible in cyberspace and social media which remain borderless in operation. The new risks that present themselves as biological threats are shaping the next generation of warfare. With the changing nature of threats, our approach to deal with should also change as per the situation. The government and security agencies should also be prepared to tackle these issues with changing strategies. 

Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs Non Conventional Security Threats in India

Introduction :

“Non conventional security threats are the challenges to the survival and well being of people and states that arises primarily out of non military sources” is a famous statement by Professor MC Anthony. As we are moving towards a better lifestyle and technological advancement, we are facing a lot of non conventional security threats. These threats range from climate change, environmental degradation, resource depletion, illegal migration, food security, cyber crime to health related issues. India’s development has posed many challenges as it has raised the aspiration of people and availability of digital connectivity & cheap data has become a related threat. 

  • There are around 62% youth in India, if their aspirations are not met, it has the potential to cause social conflict, demonstrations and violence in the society.
  • People have realised the power of mass movements and that is something which is exploited from time to time. Crime against women is catching consciousness and there is a lot of resentment against the slow justice system in India.
  • There has been a tendency to use violence for political influence. Mobs have been taking the law into their hands to punish individuals with they think not following their way of life.
  • Due to the over population, there is a huge burden on limited food resources. India occupies 94th rank in global hunger index, which shows the gap of food supply.
  • Cyber domain is also posing lots of challenges of cyber security, data threats, fake identities and frauds. Ransomware continues to remain a major threat.
  • Climate change is another non conventional security threat. Heavy use of vehicles increasing the rate of pollution which leads to change in our climate cycle.
  • It results in melting of glaciers before time and uncertainty of weather. Social insecurity is also considered as a non conventional security threat. Different people have different types of customs & traditions, cultures, religions and languages.
  • When these aspects are in danger of any minority group then their identity is threatened. To tackle these issues government has taken many initiatives like creating National Cyber Security Agency (NCSA) for cyber crime, POSHAN Abhiyan for malnutrition, followed Kyoto Protocol to reduce CO2 to save environment, adopting Denmark model for water crisis and ‘Catch the Rain’ campaign for saving rain water etc.

Conclusion :

More emphasis should be taken on sustainable development and resource management programs. Proper health institutions and research centers must be established so that epidemic like Covid-19 can be detected earlier and measures should be taken in advance. It is time to stand together for non conventional security threats as these are more dangerous than any other threats. So people also work together because “good people don’t need laws to tell them to act responsibly.” said by Dalai Lama

Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs Internal Security Challenges In India in english :

Introduction :

Internal security is the security that lies within the borders of a country. It ensures the maintenance of peace, law & order and protection of sovereignty within territory of a country. Internal security is different from external security. External security is considered as the security against aggression by a foreign country. Maintaining the external security is the responsibility of the armed forces of the country such as the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force in India.

  • While internal security comes under the purview of the police, which can also be supported by the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) as per the requirement.
  • In India, the internal security matters are governed by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). If we look at the past, India’s internal security problems have multiplied because of linguistic riots, inter-state disputes and ethnic tensions.
  • Our country was forced to redefine its inter state boundaries due to linguistic riots in 1956. After that, the rise of Naxalism was also seen as a threat to internal security in India.
  • At the time of independence, our country was under-developed. The country adopted the equitable and inclusive growth model for growth and development.
  • This situation was exploited by various people or groups to pose a very dangerous challenge to the country’s internal security in the form of Naxalism and Left-Wing Extremism.
  • Cyber security is the latest challenge that our country is facing these days. We could be the target of a cyberwar which can harm our security at any time.
  • The growth in the use of internet has also shown that social media could play a vital role in spreading fake news and violence and thus can become a threat to our internal security. 
  • Border management is also important in reducing the threats to our internal security. A weak border management can result in infiltration of terrorists, illegal immigrants and smuggling of items like arms, drugs and counterfeit currency.

Conclusion : 

In the Global Terrorism Index 2020, India has been ranked at 8th place in the list of countries most affected by terrorism. India continues to deal with terrorist activity on different fronts like terrorism related to territorial disputes in J&K and secessionist movement in Assam. India needs to implement all of its national powers in a coordinated manner to address its security issues and this will happen only when we give national level importance to internal security in India.

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Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs Naxalism – An threat to Internal Security

Introduction :

“ Power flows through the barrel of the gun” is the key slogan of Maoists. Have you ever heard of ‘GreyHounds’. What No/Yes! It’s not the breed of dog rather it is an elite commando force of Andhra Pradesh created to combat Naxalism. Naxalism is one of the major challenges of Internal security. After the independence, India was an under-developed
country, so it strived for the development and growth of the nation. However, there are certain areas where it has failed to grow such as poverty, unemployment, under-development which still prevail in interior regions of India. These conditions gave rise as the threat to Internal Security. Naxalism is also known as Left-Wing Extremism(LWE)/Maoism.

Evolution of Naxalism :

  • The term Naxal gets its name from the village Naxalbari,in WestBengal, where the movement originated in 1967, led by Charu Majumdar.
  • Initially it started as a peasant movement who are fighting for land to cultivate. Eventually it stretched out and diversified.
  • The Naxalists believe that they are being exploited by the elite class and to get justice the only door they have is extreme violence.
  • This ideology is commonly called Communism/Marxism. The movement has spread across the Eastern India in less developed areas.
  • Some groups also engage in parliamentary politics ex. Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist). They even made
    progress in weapons from bows and arrows, to sophisticated weapons like AK47 rifles.
  • According to the Home Ministry, the districts affected by LWE are in the states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh.

How are they spreading ?

They spread their ideologies in a phased manner:
● Preparatory Phase: Detailed survey of new areas.
● Perspective Phase: Demonstration against Government by talking about public issues.
● Guerilla Phase: Converting into Guerilla warfare
● Base phase: establishing their base
● Liberated Phase: Establishing People’s Government.

The chief reason behind the rise of the movement was the lack of development of these regions despite being mineral-rich, being neglected by the government and the mainstream media, Corruption, alienation by large groups of people, the issue of Jal-Jangal-Jameen(water,forest, land): exploiting their mineral-rich land, illegal encroachment.

Conclusion :

Operation ‘SAMADHAN’, ‘Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation’ are the recent initiatives on the part of the Union Government to deal with the problem of Naxalism. Naxalism is not a problem but it is a symptom of a problem. LWE succeeds in the areas where there is no trust in the Government. Eliminating naxalism is only possible by addressing their problems but not by eliminating their leaders. Better infrastructure, socio-economic development, coordination between states and center, decentralisation are some of the steps to weed out naxalism. Because if the Naxalists have nothing to fight they won’t fight.

Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs Cyber Crime as A Security Issue in India

Introduction :

In technically driven society, people use various devices to make life simple. Globalization results in connecting people all around the world. The increasing access to and continuous use of technology has radically impacted the way in which people communicate and conduct their daily lives. Cyber-crime is a crime in which computer is used as an object of crime to commit an offence. It may range from hate speeches, child pornography, accessing personal information, bank frauds, credit and debit card information thefts to spreading different kinds of viruses and worms throughout the world.

  • In cyber-crime a computer is used as a weapon of crime by an individual, an organized group or even a country. The most common types of cyber-crimes are hacking, spanning and infecting computers with virus and worms.
  • Hackers access a person’s personal information over the internet such as his credit card and bank account numbers. A person may lose his whole bank balance in a second and may fall into heavy debt instantly.
  • Cyber Crime are categorized into four major types. These are Financial, Privacy, Hacking, and Cyber Terrorism. The financial crime they steal the money of user or account holders.
  • Likewise, they also stole data of companies which can lead to financial crimes. Also, transactions are heavily risked because of them. Every year hackers stole lakhs and crores of rupees of businessmen and government.
  • Privacy crime includes stealing your private data which you do not want to share with the world. Moreover, due to it, the people suffer a lot and some even commit suicide because of their data’s misuse.
  • In, hacking they intentional deface a website to cause damage or loss to the public or owner. Apart from that, they destroy or make changes in the existing websites to diminish its value.
  • Another type of cyber-crimes is theft. Artistic works like books, music and movies are downloaded and circulated thereby infringing upon a person’s copyright materials.

Conclusion :

Cyber bullying has become a common practice causing serious repercussions, insanity and even deaths. Another typed of serious crime is defamation. It takes a whole life to earn respect but a dirty mind and an internet connection to wipe it away in a second. In this great world, virtues and vices march hand in hand. With every boon comes a bane. the numerous advantages of every inventions shouldn’t be marred by its abuses and misuses. Why not be a little vigilant both in the world and web?

Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs Social Media as Security issue In India

Introduction :

Social media is a very important and popular tool as it provides us many useful and user-friendly features. Social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram are giving people a chance to connect with each other at any time and anywhere in the world. The youngsters are one of the most dominant users of social media in these days. People have embraced social media so deeply that it has become an integral part of their lives now.

  • These platforms are being used not only by individuals but also by business houses, organizations and even by the governments for constant engagement with the masses.
  • If we look at the positive aspect of social media, we find a lot of advantages.  The most important one is being a great tool for learning and educating.
  • Students can enhance their learning on various topics using social media platforms like YouTube and Facebook. Now, we can attend live lectures just because of social media platforms.
  • We can improve our social skills by sharing our knowledge and ideas with millions of people even if they are thousands of miles away from us.
  • Social media marketing has become one of the most significant tools that businesses and corporations are using these days.
  • These social media platforms help in attracting new customers and give them the information about the products which makes their brand more popular. It also enables a business to get new information about their customers.
  • In spite of having many advantages, social media can also become the most dangerous tool for the society if used for destructive purposes. 
  • It is harmful as it invades our privacy. The sharing of personal information on social media can make children a target for hackers. It also leads to cyberbullying which can affect their life to a great extent.
  • Hence, the sharing on social media especially by children must be monitored carefully by the parents. The next problem is the addiction of social media which is very common among the youth.

Conclusion :

The addiction of social media can destroy the academic life of students as they waste their most of time on social media instead of studying and learning. Anxiety and depression is also a common disadvantage of social media. Social media is neither a boon nor a bane by itself, it is totally depends on how we use it. We must maintain a balance between our productive and unproductive activities. Excess use of anything is harmful and the same thing applies to social media too.

Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs Mobile Addiction as Internal Security Issues in India

Introduction : 

Mobile Addiction has become a growing concern in our society now-a-days. Mobile phone addiction is quite easy but it is difficult to recover from it. Many people around the world are addicted to mobile phones. It gives us the freedom to quickly connect with anyone around the world. It also enable us to find all sort of information that we need and is a great source of entertainment. While mobile phones invention was done for empowering us, but it has now started dominating us.

  • In a research it is found that on average Indian consumes 1800 hours a year on his phone. That is approximately around 1/3rd  of his waking hours.
  • The impact of obsession with smartphones, internet, and television is that merely 30 percent of people meet their family and friends multiple times a month.
  • Smart phones enable us to engage in gaming, studying and online shopping. It also allow us to watch movies, click pictures, listen to music, surf the internet and enjoy various other activities.
  • Due to high utility it results can be very harmful for us. Mobile addiction can become the main cause of many serious problems, such as headaches, weakening of eyesight, sleepiness, depression, social isolation, stress, aggressive behavior, financial problems and less professional development.
  • They simply scroll through the app to check the information that are online and engage in such other useless activities on their mobile phones.
  • They are so addicted to their mobile phones that they do not hesitate to check them while driving and even during an important meeting.
  • Another sign of mobile addiction is loss of time. A person who is accustomed to mobile phones loses a complete understanding of time. He is often late to work and delays important tasks.
  • Most parents these days are so busy in their work that they don’t have the time to tell about it to their kids. Getting rid of this habit can be difficult but not impossible.

Conclusion :

We can set a schedule for common mobile activities such as social media, texting, gaming or watching videos. We can also engage in other recreational activities like Painting, dancing, playing indoor or outdoor games. With some efforts we can overcome this problem over time. Parents also need to avoid giving phones to their teenage children. As it’s time for them to focus on their studies and find out their interest in other useful activities.

Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs Honour Killing as Internal Security Issues in India

Introduction :

Honour killing is the killing of a family member on the belief that the victim has brought shame to the family, or has violated the rules set by the community. Generally women become the victim of honour killings, where the male family members kill them due to shame. In some cases, both men and women can become victims of honour killings. It is a type of violence practiced within the family. Many countries have put strict laws against this practice.

  • It is normally done to protect the family’s honour. In male-dominated societies, the activities of women and girls are closely monitored.
  • Victims that are subjected to honour killing are believed to have been involved in actions that are considered ‘sexually immoral’.
  • A woman is targeted to kill for various reasons such as having sexual relationship before marriage or outside marriage, seeking divorce or separation from her husband.
  • In few cases, a man and woman decide to run away from their family because they are in love with each other. Still, their families do not support their marriage as it is inter-caste or inter-religion.
  • In the states of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh of India, the maximum number of honour killings take place. People living in different cultures of honour consider the family to be the central institution of their society.
  • Family honour is a vague concept that is taken seriously to such an extent by some communities that killing another human in the name of ‘honour’ is considered as a matter of pride for them.
  • These cases remain legally unreported to the police due to the direct or indirect support from the villagers. In India, women are a victim of 97% of honour killing acts. In some countries, the judicial system fail to take actions to the laws against the killing committees.
  • The government of India should have strict laws against the people who not only commit the heinous crime but also support it by hiding it and removing the evidences or reporting it as suicide.

Conclusion :

Due to lack of proper laws against these crimes, it is protecting the honour of a family or society results in the crimes being reported under myriad crime which makes it difficult to track. In some part of the world it is considered a grave offence and necessary steps are taken to criminalize it. This grave offence needs immediate attention and should be monitored as people are still losing their lives in the name of honour.

Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs Fake News as a security Issue in India

Introduction :

Fake news is a kind of yellow journalism which comprises intentional misinformation distributed through broadcasting news media, or via Internet-based social media. Fake news is intentionally written in order to gain financial or political exaggerated, or false headlines for capturing the attention of the people. Everyone with an internet connection and a social media presence is now a content generator.

  • Free internet service has provided access to everyone to post whatever they want and hence created a trend of fake news spreading like wildfire. Everyone is in a hurry to like, share & comment instead of checking the authenticity of the news.
  • It affects the spirit of common brotherhood and increases intolerance in the country. Fake news results in harassment and threatening of innocent people and damages their reputations.
  • It can also result in deaths. For example, the rumours about child-lifters and cattle thieves led to mob attacks and deaths across India. Fake news could lead to mass protests, riots, and a breakdown in law and order.
  • The special reserve forces or the army would have to be brought in to control the situation. Fake news can start wars. It is unreasonable to put the blame on the social media platforms for the fake news menace.
  • Because the platforms such as Facebook, WhatsApp etc. are not generating content, but by the users themselves & cannot hold them responsible.
  • Fake news creators are now using modern technology like Artificial Intelligence to create other forms of fake news. The result is called “Deep Fakes” and it employs audio and video formats, which appear more realistic and convincing.

Conclusion :

The Govt needs to address the consumer end as well and adopt a collaborative way to tackle the menace of fake news. Security requirements should also consider the rights of millions of genuine users. An effective approach to deal with the fake news is to improve digital literacy i.e., the ability to identify real news from fake news. Government, media, and technology should work together to improve the overall digital literacy in India. The state police machinery should be strengthened to catch anyone responsible for spreading fake messages.

Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs farm bill 2020 pros and cons

Introduction :

The Farmers Bills 2020 is consist of three agricultural bills passed by the central government in September 2020. It includes the Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce Bill, Farmers Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill and Essential Commodities Bill. These Bills will develop a system in which the farmers can sell their crops outside the Mandis. This bill will also encourage intra-state trade and reduce the cost of transportation.

  • This agriculture Bill provides a framework that will create an ecosystem where the farmers will enjoy the freedom of choice of sale and purchase of agricultural produce and promote barrier-free inter and intra-state trade.
  • It will be beneficial for the small and marginal farmers with less than five hectares of land.
  • The bills have faced strong protests from the farmers and opposition parties, saying that it will hurt their earnings but the government mentions that they will make it effortless for farmers to sell their crops directly to large buyers.
  • It will also give the farmers the choice to sell without the help of middlemen will be of great use only if there are climate-controlled storage facilities, the electricity supply should also made reliable and available to power those facilities, and food processing companies who compete to buy their produce.

Conclusion :

The government has promised double farmers’ income by 2022 and the Bills will make the farmer independent of government controlled markets and fetch them a better price for their produce. The government should take the opinions of farmers and also of the states before passing such bills to ensure the betterment of farmers and to eliminate the loopholes in them.

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Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs Farm Bill 2020 Demand of the Farmers :

  • The main demand of the farmers are the revocation of all three bills. These Bills have not been revoked yet & the Lok Sabha passed the Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020 & The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020 among the protests of these farmers.
  • With the introduction of these bills the mandi system will remain intact. These bills had been claimed by the farmers to end the monopoly of the mandis.
  • These new legislation has nothing to do with the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs), it is just providing freedom of choice to sell and buy the produces outside the mandis.
  • Later in line with the 2006 Swaminathan report by ‘The National Commission on Farmers’ law should be promulgated for MSP to be at least 50% more than the weighted average cost of production and if the MSP is not paid, it must be a penalized.
  • A law should be put in place that will provide guarantee payments from the buyers through middlemen. Middlemen also make money by selling the product for more than its purchase price. 

Advantages (Pros) of the new Farm Bills :

  • The farmers want a more flexible system.
  • Selling produces or crops outside the mandis will generate an additional marketing channel for the farmers.
  • The new bill has not brought any major changes, only a parallel system working with the existing system. Prior to these bills, farmers can sell their produce to anywhere in the world, through the e- NAM system.
  • The amendment to the Essential Commodities Act which is one of the three bills under protest removes the fear of the farmers.
  • The bills ensure that the farmer is given the same attention as production is and the farmer gets the stipulated price for crops, so that farming survives.
  • In the existing APMC system, it is compulsory for farmers to go through a trader via Mandis so as to sell their crops to consumers and companies and they receive Minimum Selling Prices for their crops.

Disadvantages (Cons) of the Farm Bills :

  • The Farm Bills hampers the monopoly of APMC (agricultural produce market committee) mandis, therefore allowing sale and purchase of crops outside the state government-regulated market mandis.
  • The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill does not provide any statutory backing to MSP. The farmers have nothing to do with the legal system but everything to do with the MSP, the minimum price at which they can sell their produce.
  • The new bills are placing farmers and traders at the mercy of civil servants.
  • The government declares MSPs for crops, but there has been no law about their implementation yet.
  • The only crop where MSP payment has some statutory implementation is sugarcane for which FRP is determined. This is due to its pricing being governed by the Sugarcane (Control) Order, 1966. 

Emerging Threats To India’s Internal Security Vs farm bill 2020 pros and cons in english

Introduction :

The Farm Bills 2020 is a combination of three agricultural bills passed by Parliament in September 2020. These three bills are the Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill and Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill. The Bills will create a system in which the farmers can sell their crops outside the Mandis. It also encourage intra-state trade and reduce the cost of transportation.

  • The Bill formulates a framework that will create an ecosystem where the farmers will enjoy the freedom of choice of sale and purchase of agricultural produce and promote barrier-free inter and intra-state trade.
  • It also provides benefits for the small and marginal farmers with less than five hectares of land. The bills have faced strong protests from the farmers and opposition parties, saying that it will hurt their earnings.
  • But the government mentions that they will make it effortless for farmers to sell their products directly to big buyers.
  • Farmer unions in Punjab and Haryana say the recent laws enacted at the Centre will dismantle the minimum support price (MSP) system.
  • Over time big corporate houses will dictate terms and farmers will end up getting less for their crops. The key demand is the withdrawal of the three laws which deregulate the sale of their crops. 
  • The farmer unions could also settle for a legal assurance that the MSP system will continue, ideally through an amendment to the laws.
  • They are also pressing for the withdrawal of the proposed Electricity (Amendment) Bill 2020, fearing it will lead to an end to subsidised electricity. Farmers say rules against stubble burning should also not apply to them.
  • MSP is the minimum price paid by the government when it procures any crop from the farmers. Food Corporation of India (FCI) which is the main state-run grain procurement agency largely buys only paddy and wheat at these prices.
  • The FCI then sells these food grains at highly subsidised prices to the poor and is thereafter compensated by the government for its losses.
  • The three farm laws have been projected by the government as major reforms in the agriculture sector that will remove middlemen and allow farmers to sell anywhere in the country.

Conclusion :

Giving farmers the choice to sell without the help of middlemen will be of great use only if there are climate-controlled storage facilities, the electricity supply is made reliable and available to power those facilities, and food processing companies who compete to buy their produce. The government has promised double farmers’ income by 2022 and the Bills will make the farmer independent of government controlled markets and fetch them a better price for their produce. It is the responsibility of the government to take the opinions of farmers and also of the states before passing such bills to ensure the betterment of farmers and to eliminate the loopholes in them.

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Essay on Role Of Media In Internal Security

Essay on Role Of Media In Internal Security

Introduction :

Internal security is very important for any nation to maintain peace and harmony. It is a process of keeping peace within the borders of the country by upholding rule of law and defending against emerging security threats. The role of media is not limited to target the developing activities in a particular area but to offer a wide range of aspects of the policies of the country. It is a very powerful tool that control the minds of the masses. In today’s world, media become as essential as our daily needs. People rely on what is presented to them by media.

  • World press freedom index puts India at 142nd rank in its 2020 report which shows the reality of media at present time. If the media is corrupt and biased, the democratic system of our country will be collapsed.
  • Media can also become a threat for our national security. It provides a platform to internal and external state and non state actors to propagate their vested interest by various media & social media channels.
  • Social media presently plays a very important role as a means of communication between terrorist and insurgent groups.
  • It can easily provide an open platform to propagate their ideology and they are also brain washing the young generation by social networking sites like WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter etc.
  • Digital media also poses a big threat to our internal security as it is not controlled by any authrity. Anyone with the help of internet can create and share the information whether it is true or fake.
  • The recent threats due to social media include hacking, caste & ethnic tension, communal violence, cyber bullying, online frauds, fake news, hate speech and cyber terrorism etc.
  • There should be proper regulations on all types of media platforms such as print media, social media and other mediums of communication.
  • So that the vested interest of any state or non state actor cannot be fulfilled. As it is rightly said that “ Whoever controls the media, controls the mind.”

Conclusion :

In today’s globalized society, media is a very dangerous weapon against any enemy. There is a dire need of data protection laws in India so that the privacy of the masses can be protected and ensured. The compliance of the norms must be mandatory for all social media giants such as WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter and other media channels operating in India. As the security of the country cannot be compromised at any level. National power based on political stability, societal cohesion and economic development will decide the future of India’s national security.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Digital, Electronic & Print Media Security Implications

Introduction :

“Change is the only constant in life” said by Heraclitus is true with respect to today’s changing world. In mass communication, media refers to the means of communication that help in disseminating information or news related to different sectors like sports, business, education, entertainment and politics. It is considered as a very significant tool for effective communi-cation and is a source of various information. From the last few decades media has increased its reach through various platforms such as print media, electronic media and digital media.

  • There are three types of media 1) Print Media 2) Electronic Media and 3) Digital Media. Print Media is one of the oldest means of sharing information which is produced by printing text and images on paper by using ink in a printing press.
  • Some examples of print media are newspapers, magazines, books, leaflets, brochures etc. In electronic media information can be shared on electronic devices such as radio and television.
  • It can be broadcasted to the wider section of the society. Digital Media is a form of media which is fully depend on internet and provide us fastest updates.
  • It also enable us to be aware of the latest happenings around the world. We can use digital media with the help of computers, laptops, tablets and mobile phones.
  • In the current COVID-19 situation, “We are not only fighting an epidemic but are also fighting an infodemic”, said the Director-General of the World Health Organization. Therefore the need of the hour is to lay down guidelines on digital media.
  • The government has imposed a 26% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) cap to tighten the nose of foreign companies who are making investments in digital media in the country.
  • Major concerns with respect to digital media are 1) Anyone can easily generate content and its global presence contains a lots of fake news 2) Unlike print media, digital media does not have accountability and geographical barrier.
  • 3) It does not have either their own self regulation mechanism or government constituted a regulatory body.
  • 4) Reporters rely on sensationalised news instead of firsthand news. 5) Spreading venomous, hatred, and deliberate instigation not only cause violence but even terrorism. 6) Social media agencies are liable to court but the process is not instant.

Conclusion :

We should think straight and not be tricked easily, by checking validity and source of the news. This can be done by googling the references and news images. Unregulated social and digital media could pose a threat to the society. These challenges can be addressed by regulating social media efficiently and modernizing national laws and institutions. The government should come with more laws and strict actions against the improper use of digital media which will ensure the political and social integrity of the nation.

Essay on Digital, Electronic & Print Media Security in english

Introduction :

Digital media has destroyed much of the magic and mystery of the medium —–John Dyer. In mass communication, media refers to the means of mass communication that help disseminating information or news related to different sectors like sports, education, entertainment, politics.

Different Types of Media

● Print Media :

○ one of the oldest means of sharing info.
○ newspapers, magazines, books, leaflets, brochures etc.
○ produced by printing, text and images on paper using ink in a printing press.

● Electronic Media :

○ radio, television, etc.
○ shared on electronic devices for the audience.
○ can be broadcasted to the wider population.

● Digital Media :

○ Gives fast updates.
○ Enables us to be aware of the latest happenings.
○ Computers, mobiles, video game,Social Media

In the current COVID-19 situation, “We are not only fighting an epidemic but are also fighting an infodemic”, said the Director-General of the World Health Organization. Henceforth the need of the hour is to lay down guidelines on digital media. The government has imposed a 26% Foreign Direct Investment(FDI) cap to tighten the nose of Chinese and other foreign companies who are making investments in digital media in the country.

Major concerns with Digital media

● Anyone can easily generate content and its global presence contains lots of fake news.
● Unlike print media, digital media does not have accountability and geographical
barrier.
● Does not have either their own self regulation mechanism or government constituted a
regulatory body.
● Reporters rely on sensationalised news instead of firsthand news.
● Spreading venomous, hatred, and deliberate instigation not only cause violence but
even terrorism.
● Social media agencies are liable to court but the process is not instant.

How do we overcome this wildfire of disinformation?

We should think straight and not be tricked easily, by checking validity and source of the news. This can be done by googling the references and news images. If the news is a bit uncanny and we are unsure about its authenticity, then we should not forward it. As the virus needs a host to spread it from person to person, a piece of fake news similarly, if we refuse to carry it forward, it will die its death.

Conclusion :

The Aarogya Setu App is an outstanding initiative by the Indian government. It gives not only real-time authentic news but also debunks false information. Unregulated social and digital media could pose a threat to India’s rise as a trustworthy and responsible nation, as also Indian democracy. These challenges can be addressed by regulating social media efficiently and modernizing National laws and institutions. The time for action has come.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Social Media Boon or Bane for Society

Introduction :

Social media is a very important and popular tool as it provides us many useful and user-friendly features. Social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram are giving people a chance to connect with each other at any time and anywhere in the world.  The youngsters are one of the most dominant users of social media in these days. Social media can engage people constantly in some or other trending activities based on their choice. People have embraced social media so deeply that it has become an integral part of their lives now.

  • These platforms are being used not only by individuals but also by business houses, organizations and even by the governments for constant engagement with the masses.
  • If we look at the positive aspect of social media, we find a lot of advantages. The most important one is being a great tool for learning and educating. We can find all kind of information just in one click.
  • Students can enhance their learning on various topics using social media platforms like YouTube and Facebook. Now, we can attend live lectures just because of these social media platforms.
  • We can improve our social skills by sharing our knowledge and ideas with millions of people even if they are thousands of miles away from us.
  • Social media marketing has become one of the most significant tools that businesses and corporations are using these days to get exposure at the lowest cost.
  • These social media platforms help in attracting new customers and give them the information about the products which makes their brand more popular.
  • It also enables a business to get new information about their customers and improve their services. In spite of having many advantages, social media can also become the most dangerous tool for the society if used for destructive purposes. 
  • It is harmful as it invades our privacy. The sharing of personal information on social media can make children a target for hackers.
  • It also leads to cyberbullying which can affect their life to a great extent. Hence, the sharing on social media especially by children must be monitored carefully by the parents.
  • The next problem is the addiction of social media which is very common among the youth. The addiction of social media can destroy the academic life of students as they waste their most of time on social media instead of studying and learning.

Conclusion : 

The misuse of social media can also create communal rifts between people by sharing fake news on these platforms. Anxiety and depression is also a common disadvantage of social media. Social media is neither a boon nor a bane by itself, it is totally depends on how we use it. We must maintain a balance between our productive and unproductive activities. Excess use of anything is harmful and the same thing applies to social media too.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Fake News on Social Media – An issue 

Introduction :

Fake news is a kind of yellow journalism which comprises intentional misinformation distributed through broadcasting news media, or via Internet-based social media. Fake news is intentionally written in order to gain financial or political exaggerated, or false headlines for capturing the attention of the people. Everyone with an internet connection and a social media presence is now a content generator. Free internet service has provided access to everyone to post whatever they want and hence created a trend of fake news spreading like wildfire.

  • Everyone is in a hurry to like, share, comment instead of checking the authenticity of the news. It affects the spirit of common brotherhood and increases intolerance in the country.
  • Fake news results in harassment and threatening of innocent people and damages their reputations. It can also result in deaths. For example, the rumours about child-lifters and cattle thieves led to mob attacks and deaths across India.
  • Fake news could lead to mass protests, riots, and a breakdown in law and order. The special reserve forces or the army would have to be brought in to control the situation.
  • Fake news can start wars. It is unreasonable to put the blame on the social media platforms for the fake news menace. Because the platforms such as Facebook, WhatsApp etc. are not generating content, but by the users themselves & cannot hold them responsible.
  • Fake news creators are now using modern technology like Artificial Intelligence to create other forms of fake news. The result is called “Deep Fakes” and it employs audio and video formats, which appear more realistic and convincing.

Conclusion :

The Government needs to address the consumer end as well and adopt a collaborative way to tackle the menace of fake news. Security requirements should also consider the rights of millions of genuine users. An effective approach to deal with the fake news is to improve digital literacy i.e., the ability to identify real news from fake news. Government, media, and technology should work together to improve the overall digital literacy in India. The state police machinery should be strengthened to catch anyone responsible for spreading fake messages.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Role of Social media in Democracy 

Introduction :

Media has played a significant role in establishing democracy throughout the world. Media is considered as Fourth Pillar in democratic countries and without a free media democratic system cannot exist. Indian media has traveled a long way, from the days of newspaper and radio to present-day age of Television and Social Media. News that was seen as medium to educate the people on issues that were of utmost important for the society.

  • Media plays a crucial role in shaping a healthy democracy. It is the backbone of a democracy. Media makes us aware of various social, political and economic activities happening around the world.
  • The role of media is to make the society aware of their democratic rights. It acts as the voice of millions of citizens, when government institutions become corrupt and authoritarian. 
  • Television and radio have made a significant achievement in educating rural illiterate masses in making them aware of all the events in their language.
  • The need for an independent and control-free press is really essential in a democracy like India.  media act as a chain between the government and the citizens of the country, people have faith in media as it has an impact on the audience. 
  • The media has undoubtedly evolved and become more active over the years. It is the media only who reminds politicians about their unfulfilled promises at the time of elections.
  • TV news channels excessive coverage during elections helps people, especially illiterates, in electing the right person to the power.

Conclution :

This reminder compels politicians to be upto their promises in order to remain in power. In the present-day youth is more interested in the fast-moving world of technology and social media. Thus, it becomes important for media to ensure that the information that they are broadcasting should not be biased. Media is like a watchdog in a democracy that keeps government active. From being just an informer it has become an integral part of our daily lives.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs WhatsApp New Privacy Policy 

Introduction :

Social media is a boon for human civilization because it has brought the whole world together at one place where individuals can share their views and ideas and such interactions are beneficial for the people as it helps in increasing social skills. In today’s world, technology has made our life easier because with the help of technology we can learn new things and meet new people all over the world.

  • WhatsApp is one of the most important social applications which plays a major role in our daily life.
  • WhatsApp is facing a lot of criticism for its new privacy policy which says that it may share information of any of its users with Facebook and its partner companies. 
  • Since then there has been a huge rise in the dounloads of its alternative apps including Signal.
  • In response to global criticism, WhatsApp head Will Cathcart explained , with end-to-end encryption, they cannot see the users private chats or calls and neither can Facebook.
  • WhatsApp has also given users time till 8th of February 2021  to accept the new terms and conditions.
  • WhatsApp says it is collecting new information from users device such as Battery level, app version, browser information, mobile network, IP address and phone number etc.
  • It also declares that the data in some cases can be transferred to the USA or other parts where Facebook’s affiliate companies are based.
  • This new update has increased a lot of concern over the privacy of the people that use this application.

Conclusion :

Privacy experts have also criticised this new privacy policy. Indian users are more vulnerable as there is no any data protection law in India. If India had a data protection law, WhatsApp would not have been able to launch this new policy update. The government should also initiate some digital awareness programs to make the public aware of the importance of digital privacy in India.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Mobile addiction essay in english

Introduction :

Mobile Addiction has become a growing concern in our society now-a-days. Mobile phone addiction is quite easy but it is difficult to recover from it. Many people around the world are addicted to mobile phones. It gives us the freedom to quickly connect with anyone around the world. It also enable us to find all sort of information that we need and is a great source of entertainment.

  • While mobile phones invention was done for empowering us, but it has now started dominating us. Smart phones enable us to engage in gaming, studying and online shopping.
  • It also allow us to watch movies, click pictures, listen to music, surf the internet and enjoy various other activities. Due to high utility it results can be very harmful for us.
  • Mobile addiction can become the main cause of many serious problems, such as headaches, weakening of eyesight, sleepiness, depression, social isolation, stress, aggressive behavior, financial problems and less professional development.
  • They simply scroll through the app to check the information that are online and engage in such other useless activities on their mobile phones.
  • They are so addicted to their mobile phones that they do not hesitate to check them while driving and even during an important meeting.
  • Another sign of mobile addiction is loss of time. A person who is accustomed to mobile phones loses a complete understanding of time. He is often late to work and delays important tasks.
  • Getting rid of this habit can be difficult but not impossible. We can set a schedule for common mobile activities such as social media, texting, gaming or watching videos.

Conclusion :

We can also engage in other recreational activities like Painting, dancing, playing indoor or outdoor games. With some efforts we can overcome this problem over time. Parents also need to avoid giving phones to their teenage children. As it’s time for them to focus on their studies and find out their interest in other useful activities.

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Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Social Media – Influencer of Fake News 

Introduction :

Social media is a very important and popular tool as it provides us many useful and user-friendly features. Social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram are giving people a chance to connect with each other at any time and anywhere in the world. The youngsters are one of the most dominant users of social media in these days. People have embraced social media so deeply that it has become an integral part of their lives now.

  • These platforms are being used not only by individuals but also by business houses, organizations and even by the governments for constant engagement with the masses.
  • If we look at the positive aspect of social media, we find a lot of advantages.  The most important one is being a great tool for learning and educating.
  • Students can enhance their learning on various topics using social media platforms like YouTube and Facebook. Now, we can attend live lectures just because of social media platforms.
  • We can improve our social skills by sharing our knowledge and ideas with millions of people even if they are thousands of miles away from us.
  • Social media marketing has become one of the most significant tools that businesses and corporations are using these days.
  • These social media platforms help in attracting new customers and give them the information about the products which makes their brand more popular. It also enables a business to get new information about their customers.
  • In spite of having many advantages, social media can also become the most dangerous tool for the society if used for destructive purposes. 
  • It is harmful as it invades our privacy. The sharing of personal information on social media can make children a target for hackers.
  • It also leads to cyberbullying which can affect their life to a great extent. Hence, the sharing on social media especially by children must be monitored carefully by the parents. The next problem is the addiction of social media which is very common among the youth.

Conclusion :

The addiction of social media can destroy the academic life of students as they waste their most of time on social media instead of studying and learning. Anxiety and depression is also a common disadvantage of social media. Social media is neither a boon nor a bane by itself, it is totally depends on how we use it. We must maintain a balance between our productive and unproductive activities. Excess use of anything is harmful and the same thing applies to social media too.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Mob Lynching Growing Issues in India

Introduction :

The word ‘Mob Lynching’ is consist of two words i.e Mob and Lynching. Mob is a large crowd especially one that can easily become violent. If a crowd of people lynch someone who they believe is guilty of crime, they kill them without a legal trial. Thus mob lynching is a kind of killing by a crowd on the basis of some fake news or religious fanaticism. It has become a threat to our society now-a-days.

  • The main causes that lead to mob lynching is the absence of awareness and proper understanding among the masses. Fake news on social media platforms such as Whats App & Facebook also adds to this menace.
  • In such cases there always been some groups that intend to satisfy their hidden agenda against some other groups or community.
  • There is a deep gap of mistrust between the majority and minority communities, which always incites one to look at each other with suspicion and when used, they use the mob to avenge each other.
  • Anger prevalent in society also acts as a catalyst in it, irrespective of which form of anger, this anger can also be about the governance system, judicial system or security which eventually comes out as a rampaging mob.
  • Politics is also the main cause of violent mob, sometimes violence sponsored in the name of vote bank or violence in the name of religion, gives political parties a wide background for politics.
  • The incidents of mob lynching become very common since the Government imposed a ban on the sale and purchase of cattle for slaughter at animal markets across India in May 2017.
  • Though the Supreme Court, suspended the ban on the sale of cattle in its judgment in July 2017. The states where beef is the primary foods, there was a rise in attacks and dozens of innocent Muslims were killed. 

Conclusion :

Rumours about child lifters also ignited mob violence.  As the technology is proved to be boon for mankind but some people spread rumours and fake news leading to assault and death of people. Now, mob lynching has become a social menace, therefore the government should come with the law to deal with it. Strict actions should be taken against those group of people that leading to mob lynching so that innocent people may not be suffered and lost their lives. 

Essay on Digital, Electronic & Print Media Security Implications Vs Cyber Security Challenges in India

Introduction :

Cyber security is nothing but protecting data, networks and other information from unauthorized access, partially or fully destruction or change. Cyber security can play a very important role in our day to day life because we all have online presence. “It takes 20 years to build a reputation and few minutes of cyber incident to ruin it.” This statement presents a true picture about the same as we all are exposed to security threats and cyber attacks. In today’s world, many companies are developing different types of software to protect data.

  • Cyber security is crucial in present time as it not only helps to secure information but also our system from virus attacks.
  • It is also important because we have a huge user base i.e. after the United States and China, India has the highest number of internet users.
  • Cyber threats can be of two types 1) Cybercrime, it is usually against individuals or corporates and 2) Cyberwarfare, it is against a state or a country.
  • By using computer, internet, cellphone, other technical devices to commit a crime by any individual or a group is called cyber crime. Hackers use various software and codes to commit cyber crime.
  • Hacking has become one of the major issues in India. Hacking denotes an activity of identifying weaknesses in a computer or a network to exploit the security for accessing personal or private information.
  • Hackers often use a malware that usually appears in the form of codes and other software like worms, and adware.
  • It may gather sensitive information or gain access to private computer. As the cyber threats have great potential it can be said that the future battles will not be fought on land or air but by using cyber attacks.
  • For protecting us from the cyber attacks we can ensure our safety by using antivirus software and can also change our passwords time to time.
  • Many password management tools are available now that can be used to keep track of all the passwords. Keeping our software up to date is also a way to protect us against cyber attacks.
  • Cyber security is one of the biggest challenge due to today’s high internet penetration in our daily life. For enhancing the security of the communication and information technology, there is a need to develop a computer emergency response team.
  • Such team will help in collecting and analyzing the information on cyber incidents that will be used in forecasting and alerting the cyber security incidents.

Conclusion :

There should have sound cyber security strategies also for protecting the government organizations, the general public and the businesses. The government and other security agencies should spread awareness among the people regarding cyber security. People should also use proper antivirus software to protect their system from virus and malware attacks.

Role Of Media In Internal Security Vs Honour Killing In India

Introduction :

Honour killing is the killing of a family member on the belief that the victim has brought shame to the family, or has violated the rules set by the community. Generally women become the victim of honour killings, where the male family members kill them due to shame. In some cases, both men and women can become victims of honour killings. It is a type of violence practiced within the family. Many countries have put strict laws against this practice.

  • It is normally done to protect the family’s honour. In male-dominated societies, the activities of women and girls are closely monitored.
  • Victims that are subjected to honour killing are believed to have been involved in actions that are considered ‘sexually immoral’.
  • A woman is targeted to kill for various reasons such as having sexual relationship before marriage or outside marriage, seeking divorce or separation from her husband.
  • In few cases, a man and woman decide to run away from their family because they are in love with each other. Still, their families do not support their marriage as it is inter-caste or inter-religion.
  • In the states of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh of India, the maximum number of honour killings take place.
  • People living in different cultures of honour consider the family to be the central institution of their society.
  • Family honour is a vague concept that is taken seriously to such an extent by some communities that killing another human in the name of ‘honour’ is considered as a matter of pride for them.
  • These cases remain legally unreported to the police due to the direct or indirect support from the villagers. In India, women are a victim of 97% of honour killing acts.  
  • In some countries, the judicial system fail to take actions to the laws against the killing committees.
  • The government of India should have strict laws against the people who not only commit the heinous crime but also support it by hiding it and removing the evidences or reporting it as suicide.

Conclusion : 

Due to lack of proper laws against these crimes, it is protecting the honour of a family or society results in the crimes being reported under myriad crime which makes it difficult to track. In some part of the world it is considered a grave offence and necessary steps are taken to criminalize it. This grave offence needs immediate attention and should be monitored as people are still losing their lives in the name of honour.

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